The resolution terminated Native American status as wards of the United States, granted Native Americans citizenship, eliminated financial subsidies, discontinued the reservation system, and distributed tribal lands among individual Native Americans.
When the United States finally left the Vietnamese to determine their own fate in the early 1970s, a near-impeachment crisis increased Americans mood of skepticism and distrust of government.
Jeffersonians demanded that the United States be free to trade with any nation (a demand unlikely to be granted during wartime) and that both France and Britain respect American sovereignty and neutral rights.
During most of Jeffersons first term, Europe was at peace during a break in the Napoleonic Wars.
As the Civil War ended, the United States faced unprecedented tasks: to bring the defeated Confederate states back into the Union and to determine the status in American society of almost 4 million former slaves.