APA formatting includes allowance for the use of two sets of footnotes, Content and Copyright, in the event your paper needs further notes of explanation. Both Content and Copyright footnotes call for the insertion of a number in superscript after any type of punctuation mark except dashes. If the footnote numbers appear within parentheses in a sentence, the number of the footnote is inserted in the parentheses as well. All footnotes should be placed on the bottom of the page where the text appears. If you choose, footnotes can also be included on the last page of the document following the page with “Footnotes” centered at the top of the page.
involves the use of numbers to indicate each citation. Each number's corresponding note may be at the bottom of the page as a footnote or at the end of the paper as an endnote. In either case, you should provide comprehensive information on each source the first time it appears as a footnote or an endnote, with shortened versions appearing in later footnotes or endnotes. At the end of the paper, a bibliography repeats the full documentation of these sources, listing them alphabetically by author. Bibliographies have their own formatting styles. A number of works demonstrate both citation and bibliography format styles, including (Turabian, 1980) and (1993).
Parts: All papers should have three basic parts: an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. The is the key to letting your reader know where you are headed and what you will accomplish. Remember always that while the organization of your paper may be clear to you, it is not clear to your reader. Therefore, the introduction is something like a road map that acquaints the reader with the journey ahead. This will make it easier for the reader to understand what follows and will improve the reader's evaluation of your work. Tell the reader in concise terms (1) what the subject of the paper is, (2) what it is that you hope to find out, and (3) how you will go about it.
Approach: There are several ways to approach your paper. A common organizational approach is a chronological one. The advantage of this approach is that it uses the passage of time as its organizing mechanism. The disadvantage of a chronological approach is that it can easily become a "laundry list" of events, both important and unimportant. Students often list everything they find, leaving it to the reader to determine which factors are most important. Chronologies are also no substitute for analysis. There is nothing wrong with a chronological approach if it is done well; just be sure to put more emphasis throughout on things happened than on happened.
Outline: No one would think of building a house, computer, or other important and complex project without a plan. Students regularly write papers without a plan. As a result, poor organization is a common weakness of undergraduate term papers. The best way to construct your plan and to organize information for maximum effect is to put together an An outline serves to lay out your paper's structure, to ensure that it is complete and logical, and to prevent you from getting off the track. Determine what you wish to accomplish in the paper; then prepare an outline specifying every step from Introduction to Conclusion. Linear writing is crucial in professional papers and reports. A good outline also serves to help you later: It ensures that you stay on track, write an accurate summary for your conclusions, and cover all of the relevant information and arguments.
Formatting your paper correctly under APA style is an important technical piece of your research term paper or essay. If you are not very familiar with the APA rules, you may choose to get some help with the technical layout of your paper through using an APA template to format your paper properly. A template is also helpful because it takes away the worry about whether your paper is formatted correctly and enables you to focus more of your time on the content. APA templates are available through a wide variety of sources including your PC word processor, proprietary template software, and even random individuals who created the template themselves by following the guidelines, but these can be outdated and inaccurate. The best place to find an accurate and quality APA template, guaranteed to reflect the most recent edition of the APA style manual, is from .
Answering this question is a good place to start thinking about term papers because if you know why papers are such a common assignment, then perhaps you can approach the task with added enthusiasm and dedication. Two goals usually motivate this assignment. One goal relates to the specific subject of the course; the other goal is based on your professional development. The first course-specific goal is to increase your expertise in some particular substantive area. The amount that you learn from this or almost any other course will be expanded significantly by doing research and by writing a paper. The effort will allow you to delve into the intricacies of a specific topic far beyond what is possible in the no doubt broad lectures that your instructor must deliver in class. Your research will go beyond the necessarily general commentary found in this text.
When using footnotes and using endnotes, use care to format them properly. The specific formatting depends on the official style guide you are required to follow. Think critically about every piece of information for which you use these types of notes. For supplemental information, ask yourself if the information is disruptive or not closely related enough to keep it in the body of the text or if the information is vital enough to put directly in the text. When you are not sure, include the information in the text. As with anything, the overuse of footnotes or endnotes hurts the strength of your paper.