The author’s previously thoughts of schizophrenia was unclear, this report will describe schizophrenia and its causative factors as well as descriptions on how schizophrenia is diagnosed and treated.
The average number of people affected per 1000 total population is 7.2 % per 1000, which means a city that is consists of 3 million people will have approxiamately 21,000 people suffering from schizophrenia....
Led primarily by real people living with schizophrenia, there is a changing assumption on what is possible for those living with the illness. Long viewed as an incurable illness, new data suggests that as many as 70 percent of people diagnosed with schizophrenia have positive outcomes when they receive appropriate treatment. With new research and expanding knowledge for the causes of schizophrenia, the outlook for those living with schizophrenia continues to improve.
FACT: The origins of the word schizophrenia have contributed to this confusion. In an effort to describe the mismatch he observed between the feelings and thoughts of people experiencing this medical condition, Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist at the turn of the twentieth century, proposed the terms schizo (split) and phrene (mind) to capture this juxtaposition. Many people have confused this term with so called "split" or "multiple" personality (now called dissociative identity disorder), but there is no relation between the two conditions.
In 1911, Eugen Bleuler (a psychiatrist from Switzerland) came up with the term “Schizophrenia.” The term literally means “splitting of the mind.” Bleuler also distinguished the different groups of symptoms for the disorder....
The fact that schizophrenia occurs in all cultures means that schizophrenia treatment options should account for these differences in cultural context. Most people living with schizophrenia can manage their conditions with the interventions listed in this section. Long-term research demonstrates that, over time, individuals living with schizophrenia often do better in terms of coping with their symptoms, maximizing their functioning while minimizing their relapses. Mental health recovery is possible for most, though it is important to remember that some people have more trouble when it comes to managing their symptoms. Although many effective schizophrenia treatments options exist, more research is needed to promote greater understanding, more effective treatments and a potential cure for schizophrenia and other mental illnesses.
At the mention of the word schizophrenia some of the first things that come to mind are John Nash in A Beautiful Mind or the term “hallucinations” but in reality schizophrenia is more than just the theme of a classic film, it’s a new disease that still requires much research to fully understand it....
Schizophrenia is the most common and the most potentially sever and disabling of the psychosis, a term encompassing several severe mental disorders that result in the loss of contact with reality along with major personality derangements.
In the beginning, schizophrenia may completely alter a person's way of life, affecting daily functional tasks from personal hygiene to eating well and following medical treatment. Although new and better schizophrenia treatment options allow many people to return to more active lives, many people living with schizophrenia may need help over the long term with their basic needs, such as money, housing, food and clothing. One goal of mental health recovery is to promote as much independence as possible.
Research strongly suggests that schizophrenia has something to do with problems involving brain chemistry and brain structure and, like many other medical illnesses, is thought to be caused by a combination of problems, some inherited and others occurring during a person's development. For example, some researchers think that schizophrenia may be triggered by a viral infection affecting the brain very early in life or by mild brain damage from complications during birth. Drug use can trigger underlying genetic vulnerability in a person. It is still premature to label schizophrenia as either a neurodevelopmental (impairment of the growth and development of the brain) or a neurodegenerative (progressive loss of structure or function of neurons) disorder, as both seem to be in play over the course of the illness. Scientists are working to understand if changes in the brain are present early in life and how much those changes worsen over time.
Mental health recovery is not a linear process. Setbacks and relapses can occur within the schizophrenia treatment process, so progress should be evaluated on each level separately. Perhaps someone is not making as rapid progress towards fulltime employment as he or she would like, but he or she has improved social skills by involvement with a church or overall health by keeping a regular exercise routine. A holistic view of wellness does not end with taking medication regularly. It's about taking medicine to help get closer to other life goals.
Cognitive symptoms pertain to thinking processes. People living with schizophrenia often struggle with executive functioning (prioritizing tasks), memory and organizing thoughts. Cognitive function is involved in many tasks of daily livingespecially in work or school settings. A common cognitive deficit associated with this condition is anosognosia or "lack of insight"when someone is not aware of having an illness. This difficulty in understanding is based in the brainit is not a choice or psychological denialand can make treating or working with people who live with schizophrenia much more challenging. I Am Not Sick, I Don't Need Help, a book by Xavier Amador, Ph.D., is a great resource for dealing with this challenge.
Living with mental illness means living within a society and all its specific cultural, economic and political factors. In addition to competent mental health care, people living with schizophrenia need strong social supports. Individuals and families should work together to create the best environment to management recovery.