Charles Barbee, Robert Berry, and Jay Merrell are charged with robbing and bombing banks, a newspaper office, and a Planned Parenthood clinic in the Spokane, Washington, area. The three are self-described “Phineas Priests,” members of the Christian Identity movement (see and ) who claim to have been called by God to launch violent attacks. The three will be convicted and sentenced to life in prison. A fourth “priest,” Brian Ratigan, will be arrested separately and sentenced to 55 years in jail.
Quartus Foundation, John Price, Boerne, TX: , , healing the planet, Journey to the Fourth Dimension. Quest For Excellence, Dallas, TX: , Star Chamber for , self-realization, . Quimby, Phineas P.: and healer whose metaphysical theories influenced Mary Baker Eddy (founder of )and and other religions.
Radiant School, Kenneth Wheller, Mount Shasta, CA: , , . Radical Feminism: An outgrowth of the more moderate feminist movement which sought to influence societal views and laws to reflect women's equality and opportunity with men in all areas of culture. Radical feminism, however, pushes for a revolution to free themselves from male enslavement and exploitation. Among those holding this ideology are some lesbians who attempt to perpetuate an actual anti-male position. Theologically, radical feminism finds influence in diverse religious traditions including , liberation theology, worship, , , and beliefs. The diversity of the movement aids in widespread recruitment and promotes otherwise unusual political and religious alliances.Raelian Religion, The, Claude Vorilhon (a.k.a. Rael): group founded by French journalist Vorilhon, who claims to have communication with god-like extraterrestrials known as the Elohim. Publications include: (a quarterly magazine), , and . available. Rainbow, Dallas, TX: , , , , uses text, . Publishes the newspaper.Rainbow, Charlotte, NC: , , , . Publishes the newsletter. Rainbow Earth Dwelling Society, J. Christine Hayes, San Antonio, TX: , , telepathy, .Rainbow Group (Rainbow People): Nomadic, , communal society found mostly in the southeastern U.S. Raja Yoga: See . Ram Dass, a.k.a. Richard Alpert: .Ramtha: Spirit entity supposedly channeled by . Rastafarianism, (Ras Tafari, Rastas) Marcus Garvey: African/Jamaican religion. Teaches that the late king of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie, is God. available. Ray, Sondra: See . REACH, Inc. (a.k.a. Holyland), Bishop Luke Edwards, Meridian, MS; Emele, AL: Extreme group, formerly associated with . Both adults and children raise funds by going on the "route" (going on the road for weeks at a time to solicit funds). The most common approach is for children to solicit funds outside stores under the pretense of raising money for abused children.Rebirthing: . Participants rid themselves of negative (traumas/problems) by being regressed back to the womb and reenacting the trauma of their birth experience or previous births (). Originally hot tubs or saunas were used but later practitioners developed "dry" rebirthing techniques. Rebirthing International, Leonard Orr: Co-author of with Sondra Ray; helped develop and popularize the practice of . Version used by the . Redaction criticism: A relatively new branch of biblical that attempts to infer the theological purposes of the "redactors" (anonymous editors, compilers, or revisers) who are thought to have helped to rewrite or shape various books of the Bible (especially the Gospels) into their final form. Whereas focuses on discerning the literary form and origins of specific passages, redaction criticism focuses on the use of those passages to convey the message of the book as a whole. Redaction criticism assumes that the book in question was written using different sources that were selected and edited to emphasize or convey certain theological concepts. Scholars in typically assume further that the books that draw on the same sources (notably the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke) use those sources to convey conflicting ideas. Scholars in are divided as to whether a mild form of redaction criticism can be legitimately employed without impugning the inerrancy of the Bible.Redfield, James: and author of the best-selling fiction, . Reflexology: , practice that purports to heal the body through massaging certain parts of the foot or hand that allegedly correspond to the major organs of the body. It is sometimes believed to work by opening blocked in the body which will then allow the body's energy or to flow freely. The foot or hand is seen as a microcosm of the human body and/or the universe.Reformation: The 16th century movement initiated by Martin Luther, initially intended to correct, protest, or reform the doctrines and practices of . Luther's efforts (later joined and expanded by Zwingli, Bucer, Calvin and others) quickly developed into a complete break with Catholicism. The reformers' major doctrinal issues included a rejection of: the authority of the following: the authority of the Pope, church control of Bible translation and interpretation, a distinction in value between laity and clergy, and salvation being a product of the church and its sacraments (). A more thorough (and in some cases unorthodox) reform occurred with the Radical Reformationthe orthodox Anabaptist movement being an example. To various degrees, virtually all denominations today share a common heritage concerning the issues of the Reformation. Reiki: , theory of involving the movement of the practitioner's hand over and near (but not on) the patient's body to allegedly balance or redirect energy .Reincarnation: Belief originating with religions of the East (e.g. ) that when a person dies he has the ability to come again to the earth, inhabit a new body, and live as many lives as needed to progress towards a religious goal. Whereas Hindus typically believe that reincarnation includes transmigration of souls between animal, plant, and even inanimate forms, believers typically restrict reincarnation to human and celestial forms. Reincarnation generally assumes a doctrine of . The idea is the basis for the practice of attempting . Religious Science, Ernest Holmes: One of the , professes to represent the best thought of all religions. Similar to .Remnant of YHWH, Mark Deacon, Abilene, TX: splinter group from ; teaches , . Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS), Former name of largest Mormon splinter group. See, .Restoration Branches: A conservative split from the [RLDS] (now known as, ) that holds what they believe to be a more classical, historical RLDS understanding of basic doctrines, Joseph Smith, and the . They generally view the institutionalized church as being too liberal in theology and perhaps on social issues as well. Reverend Ike, a.k.a., Frederick Eikerenkoetter, II: ; general doctrine.R I Research, New York, NY: ; selects people called Beyonders, claims to possess Superior Essence. Rice, Anne: Author of and other books with subject matter. Rice, Nancy, Broomfield, CO: , , counseling, , .Right Knowledge: See . Righteous Branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Gerald Peterson, Cedar City, UT: Small polygamous, splinter group of about 100 people. Peterson claimed that the spirit of Rulon Allred, who founded the , returned to restore the priesthood to him. Right Way, The: See . Book written by . Roberts, Jane: , of spirit entity called Seth. Robins, Anthony (or Tony): Business consultant, empowerment, personal transformation and motivational speaker whose theories often contain philosophies.The Rock of Ages: Annual music concert and convention held by . Rocky Mountain Institute of Yoga and Ayurveda, Denver, CO: Eastern , , Tantra, Raja and Bhakti . Rocky Mountain Research Institute, Fort Collins, CO: Paranormal research, , self-realization, , .Rocky Mountain Spiritual Emergence Network, Boulder, CO: , , mystic rituals, , . Publishes the newsletter. Roman Catholicism: Diverse worldwide religious tradition that officially looks to the Pope and his predecessors/successors as God's human leader of world . Because of its size and scopeboth in membership (about a billion people worldwide) and geographically, the actual beliefs held by devout Catholics are widespread and eclectic. Catholicism has been influenced by , especially in parts of South America. In Africa, the Caribbean, and elsewhere, attempts have been made to blend Catholicism with , creating a type of Catholicism with elements. In addition, since the 1960s there has been a small but significant element of charismatic Catholics who have been influenced by the larger charismatic movement. A small percentage of Catholics are doctrinally evangelical, and others (such as ) are part of the movement. As a whole, however, the differences between Roman Catholicism and are still seen most clearly in the issues of the . The 16th century reformers distinguished themselves from Catholicism in two key ways. First, they saw the Bible as the sole foundation for authority () rather than the Pope, church dogma or tradition. Second, the reformers taught alone" (). They also insisted that could be faithfully maintained only by understanding the to be the message of a free pardon and righteous standing with God through "faith alone" () in the imputed righteousness of Christ. The Roman Catholic Church claimed (and still claims) to affirm but anathematized sola fide, teaching instead that grace is received and maintained by a combination of faith plus works (religious rites, sacraments, or human endeavor).Ro-Hun Therapy: Balancing the energy fields of the human body (see ). Rosicrucian Anthroposophic League, S.R. Parchment, New York, NY: Break-off of . Rosicrucian Fellowship, Max Heindel, Oceanside, CA: , , . See .Rosicrucian Foundation, Swinburne Clymer, Quakertown, PA: Oldest group of in the U.S.; , . Rosicrucian Order, a.k.a. Ancient and Mystical Order of the Rosae Crucis (AMORC), H. Spence Lewis, San Jose, CA: Most successful organization promoting in the US. reinterpretation of ; mixture of , , Secret Wisdom of past Masters, secret society, .Rosicrucianism, Christian Rosenkreutz: (Literally the "Rose cross") secret society allegedly founded in 1407 in Germany by Christian Rosenkreutz, who was under the influence of Egyptian occultism. The movement has fragmented into a number of competing organizations promoting variations of the same general , occult themes. Similar to . Rowan Tree, Paul Beyerlf, Minneapolis, MN: , Mother Earth, , . Publishes newsletter.Rune: A figure or character in the ancient Nordic magical alphabet of 24 symbols. They are used for of the future, performing , or evoking Norse deities. Russell, Charles Taze: Founder of the . Sabbatarianism: Generally the view that the Old Testament Sabbath commandment is to be observed unchanged by the church. As used in this index, Sabbatarianism refers to an extreme form of the belief in which membership in the true church, or even salvation, is conditional upon keeping the Sabbath law. As such, Sabbatarianism is at the least a form of and at most a denial of . In most cases, the Jewish Sabbath (Saturday) must be observed by refraining from work, sports, and travel from sundown Friday evening to sundown Saturday evening. The belief is often accompanied by the observance of Jewish dietary laws and/or other Old Testament feasts.
Taj Mahal, Agra, India: A 17th-century mausoleum considered to be a holy building by some, including followers. Talisman: Small stones or amulets believed to possess power in themselves to guard against evil spirits or for use in the invocation of by sorcerers. Also an ancient belief that certain objects or symbols contain supernatural magical powers, used for attraction of love, health, success and power to control nature or others. Closely aligned with witchcraft (see ) and .Tao, See . Taoism, Lao-tzu: Chinese philosophy teaching that there is no personal Godall is the impersonal Tao (similar to the impersonal God-force of in ). The Tao is composed of conflicting opposites () which should be balanced or harmonized through , , etc., to promote spiritual wholeness. According to legend, Taoism founder Lao-tzu wrote ("The Way and Its Power") about 550 BC. His teaching was developed and spread in the third century BC by Chuang-Tzu, whose writings inspired the 1200 volumes of Taoist scripture.Tara Center, Benjamin Creme, North Hollywood, CA: , Maitreya is returned, . Publishes newsletter and magazine. Tarot Cards: , used for .Teachers of Light: See . Technicians of the Sacred, Burbank, CA: , , , , .Temple of Danann, Michael Ragan, Hanover, IN: /, , , . Temple of Kriya Yoga, Goswami Kriyananda, Chicago, IL: , , , , , .Temple of Set, Michael Aquino: , Egyptian rituals, . Temple of the Ascended Master, Ted M. Pierce, Yarness, AZ: , , God within, erasing.Temple of the People, William Dower, Halcyon, CT: Mixture of and philosophy. Temple of the Psychedelic Light and the Church of the Realized Fantasy, Daniel Rakowitz, East Village, NY: , human sacrifice, cannabilism. Temple of the Universe, Amrit Desai, Alachua, FL: Eastern , , guided .Temple of Truth: See . Teresa, Joan (Power Products) Mars Hill, NC: See Joan Teresa Power Products. Teutonic Temple, Clarence Bartholomew, The Dallas, OR: , sacred feasts, . Texas Wholistic Network, Azel, TX: , higher self. Publishes the newspaper.Theosophical Society in America, Wheaton, IL: Main organization in the movement. Theosophical Society International, Pasadena, CA: Offshoot of . Theosophy, Madame Helena Petrovna Blavatsky: The Word "theosophy" literally means "God wisdom." Founded in 1875 to form a universal brotherhood of humanity. Teaches , , striving for , and and paranormal phenomena. Important early leaders include Colonel Henry Steel Olcott, William Quan Judge, and . Important texts include Isis Unveiled, The Secret Doctrine, and The Golden Book of the Theosophical Society. Similar and/or related to the , the Movement, the Liberal Catholic Church, and .Theosophy Company, Los Angeles, CA: Offshoot of ; see . Therapeutic Touch: practice developed by Dolores Krieger and Dora Kunz of using alleged body energy () to heal a patient. Therapists move their hands just above the surface of the patient, never actually touching the body. This process is said to release the body's natural psychic energy, thereby physically healing the body. Becoming very common in nursing schools and hospitals throughout America. Similar to . available.Third Eye: Highest , supposedly found in the middle of the forehead. Thought Reform: 's term for , more popularly known as . Roswell, GA: newspaper.Tibetan Buddhism: (Lamaism) A blending of with the of Tibet which developed in the 7th century AD Lamas (priests) are perpetually led by the Dalai Lama who is worshipped as the most recent of Bodhisattva Chenresi. TM: Acronym for .Torres, Penny: , allegedly the spirit entity Mafu. Touch for Health: See . San Francisco, CA: / periodical, , .Touch Therapy: See . Trance: An spontaneous or induced , similar to , which is often employed by and . Trance Channeling:See .Transcendental Meditation, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: (TM) , , , promises to expand creativity, self-awareness, and world peace. At the group's University in Fairfield, IA, TM students attempt levitation through techniques. available.Transformational Seminars: , stress management. Tree of Knowledge, Westchester, IL: , , higher consciousness, , , Fall moon . Publishes the newsletter.Trick or Treat: See . Trinity: A doctrine held historically by orthodox . The one true God eternally exists as three distinct Persons the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The three are co-equal, co-eternal, and one in essence. This doctrine contrasts with both and .Tritheism: The belief in three separate Gods. A denial of the Trinity doctrine and a form of . Triumph Prophetic Ministries Church of God, William Dankenbring, Altadena, CA: splinter group; publishes Triumph Publishing: See .True Mother and True Father: Titles of Rev. Sun Myung Moon, founder of the , and his wife. Tucson Tabernacle, Tucson, AZ: See . Two by Twos: Alternative name for . UFOs: Acronym for . UG, Farmingdale, NY: Eastern , . Unarius Academy of Science/Unarius Education Foundation, Ruth Norman/Ernest Norman, El Cajon, CA: s, , , communication. Understanding Inc., Daniel Fry, Tonopah, AZ: s, , . Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs): The term is used generally for all reported sightings of unidentified objects in the sky, most of which turn out to be natural phenomena (e.g., Venus) or man-made craft (e.g., weather balloons). More specifically, the term UFOs refers to allegedly sighted "flying saucers" or other alien spacecrafts. UFO beliefs can range between innocuous speculation that extraterrestrial beings may have visited Earth to quasi-religious devotion to the alleged presence and teachings of aliens. Often these beings are believed to be non-physical (spiritual) entities who are communicating telepathically (psychically) with contactees. Their messages are virtually always contrary to biblical beliefs. Unification Church, Sun Myung Moon, New York, NY: Full name, Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity. Jesus brought only spiritual salvation; another "savior" is needed to fulfill Jesus' mission. Moon is that Messiah (or ) and "Lord of the Second Advent." This group has over 200 front organizations. Moon's Divine Principle is scripture. See . available.Unitarianism: Generically, the rejection of the doctrine of the in favor of the idea that God is exclusively one person. Unlike or , which view Jesus as a manifestation of the unipersonal God, or subordinationism, which views Jesus as a secondary divine being (e.g., the ), Unitarianism views Jesus as a mere human being. Specifically, the term refers to the Unitarian movement that originated in late 18th-century New England and to the denominational body that merged with the Universalists in the 20th century to form the . Unitarian Universalist Association: A denomination formed in 1961 by the merger of the American Unitarian Association (the principal religious body teaching ) and the Universalist Church in America (which emphasized ). While the two parent denominations were rooted in , the UUA does not even profess to be a specifically Christian body. Its churches exhibit an eclectic blend of liberal Christianity, humanism, , and .United Church of God: splinter group. United Church of Jesus Christ: . United Lodge of Theosophists, New York, NY: See . United Pentecostal Church International: The largest church body.United Research, James V. Goure, Black Mountain, NC: , , energy fields, , extra-dimensional communication. Publishes the newsletter. Unitology Thought, Indianapolis, IN: , .Unity Churches: Affiliated with the . Unity of Knowledge Foundation, Edith May Custard, Arlington, VA: Mixture of and the teachings of . Unity School of Christianity, Charles and Myrtle Fillmore, Lee's Summit, MO: . God is the invisible, intangible something called Life. The Father is Principle, was the most complete manifestation of the One Mind, and the Holy Spirit is the activity of the God-Mind in the consciousness of man. Denies the reality of evil, pain, sickness and death. available.Unity Village: headquarters in Lee's Summit, MO. Universal Christian Movement, Glencoe, IL: God is Power, uses Mind Power for healing; all humans are God. Publishes newsletter. Universal Faithists of Kosmon, George Morley: , , "" with the All Highest, . Uses for text.Universal Harmony Foundation, Seminole, FL: Practical , REALization, Deity-and-Man. Universal Life Church, Kirby Hensley, Medesto, CA: All people have the right to do what they feel is right; subjective truth. Universal Life Church of the Seven African Powers, Miami, FL: ; honor the god Ogun. Universal Life Temple, New Port, MI: , , , fifth dimensional consciousness, levitation, telepathy.Universal Light of Christ Church, Pat RaimondoAzle, TX: Raimondo claims that appeared to her; latter day revelation, . Universal Mother Mary's Garden: See Universal Network, Aztec, NM: , space communiqués, cosmic telepathy, spiritual hierarchy. Publishes newsletter.Universal Spiritualist Association, Chesterfield, IN: , , , , ritual , divine within. Universal Temple of Divine Light, Don Slocum, Baton Rouge, LA: , spirit entities, , , Satan and Evil are illusions.Universalism: Generically, the belief that all people will eventually receive salvation and eternal life. Many different groups hold to universalism from various perspectives and for diverse (and sometimes opposing) reasons. This doctrine is prevalent in (among both and ), as well as in the movement and in most non-monotheistic world religions. Specifically, universalism refers to a movement dating from the late 18th century that originally affirmed universalism on the basis that Jesus' redemptive death paid for the sins of all people. As universalism developed it came to affirm that people are acceptable as they are and that no atonement or redemption from sin is needed or provided. Universariun Foundation, Inc., Portland, OR: , , .University of the Christ Light, Charlotte, NC: ; inner states of consciousness; man is the essence of God (cf. ); was an Essene (i.e., a member of a first-century Jewish sect that New Agers theorize was more than Jewish); Universal Mother. University of the Trees, Christopher Hill, Boulder Creek, CA: , for children, balancing energies (cf. ), .University of the 12 Rays of the Great Central Sun: See . Upanishads: One of the books considered scripture in . Upper Triad, Manassas, VA: , , , many paths to God, . Publishes newsletter. Written in 1955, this 2,097 page book reflects a 19th century inspired gospel. Allegedly, Earth's true name is Urantia, and it is part of the universe of Nebadon (itself part of the larger universe of Orvonton) ruled by a committee. The Nebadon commission of twelve, acting under the direction of Mantutia Melchizedek, supposedly delivered portions of the book to earth. Several organizations view the book as scripture. available. URANTIA Brotherhood, Chicago, IL: -based group established in 1955 and reorganized in 1989 after a corporate shakeup. See .URANTIA Foundation, Chicago, IL: Established in 1950. Holds the copyright on . Urshan, Andrew: An early, well-known writer and speaker. Vedas: A compilation of four holy writings forming the oldest sacred scriptures of . Verse 1 of Psalms 91, Marvel, TX: See . Virgin Birth: The belief that when was conceived and born of Mary she was a virgin, and that was conceived of the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 1:1825).Vishnu: The preserver and second member of the triad of demigods-gods including and . Vision Quest: ceremony involving or ; also called the Way of Inner Journey.Visions Travel, Los Angeles, CA: , , , , spiritual energies. Visualization: practice of using one's imagination allegedly to affect or manipulate reality. on, affirmation of, or "naming" of an object or goal, which supposedly creates the desired effect through "mind over matter." See .Voice of Reality, Phoenix, AZ: newspaper. Voice of the Olive Tree, Inc., Bernard Harland, Monrovia, CA: Latter day prophet, ' second coming was predicted for 1986 (see ). Voodoo: African religion, animal sacrifice, chants and incantations.Vorilhon, Claude: (Rael) See . Waldorf Schools: Based on the and teachings of Rudolf Steiner, founder of the . Walpurgisnacht: Alternate name for .
The Egyptians called the region along the Nile south of Egypt by the name "Cush," but they referred to the inhabitants by the ethnic term .() The prefix on the name "Phinehas" is a definite article, so his name means "the ," or "the negro," and refers to the black people who inhabit the land of Cush.() How does the grandson of Aaron the high priest end up with a name that means "the negro"?() Perhaps Moses' marriage to a Cushite woman resulted in other marriages between the two peoples.