Following a definition of terms and a discussion of the individual and social consequences of the problem, the individual, family, and school-level factors associated with risk are discussed.
Factors considered include problems with eyewitness identification, unreliable or duplicitous informants, prosecutorial misconduct, defense attorney incompetence, false and coerced confessions, forensic errors and fraud, judicial misconduct, systematic racism, problems with the adversarial system and the difficulties of balancing defendants right to due process with societys need for crime control and the criminal justice systems need for expediency.
For in-depth information read . An is also available. The paper presents an overview of the development of social quality theory, methodology and policy application since the 1990s as a result of a collective endeavour by a large number of scientists in Europe, Asia and Australia, inspired to address current and upcoming societal issues.
Others experience problems from technological change or declining neighborhoods, others are affected directly by crime and violence in their own neighborhood, and sometimes definitions of social problems are changed by societ...
The objectivist definition of a social problem is perhaps more common sense because it "suggests that the essence of social problems lies in objective social conditions and that some conditions are problems."  This definition focuses around the evaluation of conditions in society to decide whether they are harmful to either individuals or society, and then defining them as social problems....
Following a definition of substance abuse and a discussion of its epidemiology, the paper considers some of the signs (physical, behavioral, etc.) that an individual is abusing drugs, explores the physical, psychological, social and economic reasons for substance abuse.
Argues that the term has an ingrained negativity and that Black and African Americans should avoid using this word to define themselves, and, furthermore, they should only use it when quoting historical texts or when referring to racism in its historical context.
The writer assesses both sides of the issue, explains its relevance to sociology & sociobiology, and determines that the development of a personality and the characteristics of that personality actually depend upon a combination of biological and social factors.
These obligations refer in the first place to sexual intercourse. In this sense, they are culturally defined to a great extent. Thus, some cultures strictly require either partners, or at least the woman, to have had no prior sexual experience before getting married, whereas in others, like in modern American culture, this experience has almost become a prerequisite. During the marriage itself, most cultures and sometimes even legal contracts stipulate that both partners should have no sexual intercourse with parties other than their spouse, although “among some savage tribes the husband permits his guests to have intercourse with his wife, or loans her for hire” (Ryan, 2003). In most societies, however, such sexual intercourse with an individual other than one’s spouse is strongly discouraged and “has also often been criminalized, especially in the case of a person who is a representative of the government” (Wikipedia, 2006).
Included in the analysis is an in-depth discussion on varied definitions of the family which takes into consideration contemporary sociologists' views such as Stacey and Popenoe.
The papers position is that the traditional nuclear family was a temporary structure and has been replaced by a revised definition mostly brought on by social change.
The International Association on Social Quality (IASQ) contributes to building bridges towards cohesive and sustainable human societies. To achieve this, IASQ develops the social quality theory, methodology and policy application. Social quality is defined as the extent to which people are able to participate in social relationships under conditions which enhance their well-being, capacity and individual potential. Read more in .
Various sociological terms are used to analyze minority families, conflict, and dysfunctional families such as depicted in the film "Whats Eating Gilbert Grape ?" Bbliography lists 4 relevant sources.