Martin Luther king was a Nobel peace award-winning minister; his efforts targeted equality among the individuals of nations (Martin 37). Therefore, his persuasive mode of communicating helped him to make his listeners to explore their thinking capacity and see the real racial injustices done by compatriots. In his letters and articles, Martin employed a number of persuasive methods to convince the readers to understand his stance. This is demonstrated in his articles, “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” the speech at the Great march on Detroit, “I Have a Dream” and in his acceptance speech while receiving Nobel Peace Award. From period TIME immemorial, the advocates of social justice use rhetorical plan to persuade their rivals of their argument, Martin being among those who employed pathos, ethos and logos in his articles to enhance credibility and in arousing emotions among his readers and audience.
The supporters of the movement for civil rights for African-Americans as well as, Americans have come up with thorough execution of those strategies in advocating for end to racial injustices. In his “Letter from Birmingham Jail” send to the Clergy and published publicly in 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. targets to persuade of the utility of his dedication in agitating for the civil rights of the African-Americans. To convince his readers, Martin Luther King Jr. primarily uses Aristotle’s three kinds of arguments; appeals to ethos, pathos, as well as, logos. Foremost, he appeals to his own status and knowledge. Second, he attempts to arouse emotion in the readers and appeal for sympathy from the whites towards the African-Americans. Lastly, he appeals to logic, helped by proof, as well as, citations from influential thinkers (Martin 20). These three articles observe these rhetoric and helps in captivating his audience and moving the readers towards his ideologies.
As the unquestioned leader of the peaceful Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s, was at the same time one of the most beloved and one of the most hated men of his time. From his involvement in the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955 until his untimely death in 1968, King's message of change through peaceful means added to the movement's numbers and gave it its moral strength. The legacy of Martin Luther King Jr. is embodied in these two simple words: equality and nonviolence.
King was raised in an activist family. His father was deeply influenced by 's in the 1920s. His mother was the daughter of one of Atlanta's most influential African American ministers. As a student, King excelled. He easily moved through grade levels and entered Morehouse College, his father's alma mater, at the age of fifteen. Next, he attended Crozer Theological Seminary, where he received a Bachelor of Divinity degree. While he was pursuing his doctorate at Boston University, he met and married . After receiving his Ph.D. in 1955, King accepted an appointment to the Dexter Street Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.
For that reason, because God has preferred him, it means he is of higher moral values. As a final point, with regard to the fourth paragraph, he moves ahead: “furthermore, I am aware of the interrelatedness of all societies, as well as, states.” Therefore, Martin Luther King, Jr. aims to remind his readers of his fit to the group of the open-minded citizens. Accordingly, he has the indispensable knowledge to argue his opinions. These statements aids in fostering confidence and developing a sensation of sympathy and proximity for the civil rights basis among his readers. It further produces emotion in his readers, both African American communities and whites in general to decline the aggressiveness arising from the whites and restructure the fire of peaceful contestation concerning the African American minds. Luther King, Jr. stresses the inequality faced by the associates of the African American community, “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere” (Martin para. 14). Hence provides the white reader with an insight into the dismal condition in which the African Americans are based.
The above letter was an open type letter that was written from jail by Martin Luther King Jr. in 16 April 1963. He was arrested for being a part of the Birmingham protest, which was a diplomatic demonstration for protesting against racial isolation in Birmingham state. However, the first copy of the letter was published in the Christian Century article in the month of June in the year 1963. The long article was first rapidly published in a booklet form and then moved to many nationwide magazines to reach the White and Black race audience.
Mandela and King were leaders who led by example. They did not sit tin their offices and give orders to their supporters on what was supposed to be done. They took to the streets with the supporters and they demonstrated with their supporters. For example on the 28th of August 1963, King took part in a March where he delivered his famous ‘I have a dream’ speech. Mandela on the other hand disguised himself as a chauffeur and travelled across the country organizing a stay at home strike scheduled for 29th May, 1961 and making ANC’s new structure. King and Mandela did what they preached and did not expect their supporters to do anything that they themselves could not do.
When Martin Luther was writing this letter, he was addressing it to several white clergymen who advised the black Americans to stop their Birmingham protests. However, Luther King was thinking of a bigger audience because his letter was made to be nationally accessible to members of the public. The white men converted their former appeal for order, by insisting on the black population in Birmingham State to ignore the influence of Luther King, whom they referred to as an outsider.
So I shall ask you tonight to return home, to say a prayer for the family of Martin Luther King, that's true, but more importantly to say a prayer for our own country, which all of us love — a prayer for understanding and that compassion of which I spoke.
The purpose of writing the letter was to give answers to his opponents especially to those of the White race who criticized the time he made his decision to organize and begin movements of marching people after the event of Connor’s election failure. In addition, Luther King intended to discuss on important factors concerning spiritual and theoretical establishment of diplomatic forms of action in those people who participated in sharing their Judaism and Christian beliefs. Luther King was addressing the modest white southern population who declared their support for the municipal rights of the black race and focused on maintaining the state’s stability.
Both Mandela and King advocated for democracy. They both wanted the blacks in their respective nations to have equal rights as the whites. Mandela upon his release worked to establish a proportional representation of all colors in parliament. Just like King, Mandela fought so that all races could have the right to run for office and vote. King argued that segregation was unconstitutional. Indeed after his release, Mandela spoke at the Yankee Stadium in the United States pointing out that the blacks of South Africa and black Americans were connected in their motive for struggling for freedom. King on the other hand saw the similarity in his fight and that of Mandela and in December 1965 he gave a speech about the apartheid in South Africa in which he said “In South Africa today, all opposition to white supremacy is condemned as communism, and in its name, due process is destroyed…… A sophisticated form of slavery is imposed by a minority upon a majority which is kept in grinding poverty. The dignity of human personality is defiled; and world opinion is arrogantly defied.” Martin Luther King Jr. had a dream that one day there would be racial equality in the United States and Nelson Mandela treasured the ideal of a free and democratic society. Both men were prepared to die as they fought for democracy.
As Luther King illustrated chronological and theological cases for public noncompliance, he appeared to be maintaining the customs and traditions that the White clergymen identified as being shared amongst them. The white clergymen consented with the fact that societal inequalities were present but disagreed on the racial discrimination protests being carried out on the street instead of a formal court. This is the reason why they disapproved Luther King and even referred to him as an external negative influence that caused danger in Birmingham state. Martin Luther King Jr. responded in the letter by explaining that all societies and states were interconnected.