National Alliance to End Homelessness: Homelessness Research Institute
The Homelessness Research Institute is the research and education arm of the National Alliance to End Homelessness. It works to end homelessness by building and disseminating knowledge that informs policy change. ”The goals of the Homelessness Research Institute are to build the intellectual capital around solutions to homelessness; to advance data and research so that policymakers, practitioners, and the caring public have the best information about trends in homelessness and emerging solutions; and to engage the media to ensure intelligent reporting on the issue.” (Web site description)
Interagency Council on Homelessness (ICH)
ICH is primarily focused on the development of a comprehensive federal approach to end homelessness. To this end, the council plans and coordinates federal activities and programs to assist homeless people, makes or recommends policy changes to improve such assistance, monitors and evaluates assistance to homeless persons provided by all levels of government and the private sector, ensures that technical assistance is provided to help community and other organizations effectively assist homeless persons, and disseminates information on federal resources available to assist the homeless population.
This paper reviews the nature of and responses to homelessness throughout the nation’s history and the evolution of approaches to contemporary homelessness. The author notes that, in the past two decades, a de facto system of service has evolved to apply actions and services to a population experiencing homelessness, through a network of organizations that deliver services within a funding and policy context. He further states, however, that the system is not driven by specific legislation or theory. Instead of a coherent system, different approaches have been adopted by federal departments and the advocacy community. The author’s assessment of progress and future opportunities focuses on the current emphasis on addressing chronic homelessness within the context of the proposed de facto system.
Determining the size of the population that is homeless in the U.S. is a daunting task. This is because homelessness is a condition and not an attribute or status. Additionally, most people are homeless only on some nights. Because of this, most counts of homeless populations involve methods of determining the count number of people homeless on a given night. This is a Point-In-Time count (PIT). Many people agree that the investment of Federal resources will reduce homelessness in the U.S.
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SAMHSA: Homelessness Resource Center (HRC)
The Homelessness Resource Center is an interactive community of providers, consumers, policymakers, researchers, and public agencies at federal, state, and local levels. They share state-of-the art knowledge and promising practices to prevent and end homelessness through training and technical assistance, publications and materials, online learning opportunities, and networking and collaboration. (Web site description)
National Coalition for the Homeless
The National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) is a national network of people who are currently experiencing or who have experienced homelessness, activists and advocates, community-based and faith-based service providers, and others committed to a single mission – to end homelessness. Toward this end, the NCH engages in public education, policy advocacy, and grassroots organizing. Their work focuses on the following four areas: housing justice, economic justice, health care justice, and civil rights. (Web site description)
National Center on Family Homelessness
The National Center on Family Homelessness is determined to end family homelessness.
Through research, they learn what families need to rebound from the economic, social, medical and mental health problems that put them on the streets. Through program evaluation, they identify strategies that work. They use this knowledge to design innovative practices, bring training and technical assistance to community-based shelters and service providers, and improve policy across the nation. (Taken from mission statement)
HHS: Homeless Home Page
The Homeless Home Page of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services provides information in an effort to coordinate the agency’s services intended to address the delivery of treatment and services to persons experiencing homelessness. This site includes grants, resources, research and publications, and links to further information.
DOL: Homeless & Service Providers to the Homeless
The Department of Labor administers programs providing employment and training services that are crucial components in the comprehensive efforts to address the cycle of homelessness. The Department offers both mainstream and targeted employment-focused programs that help lead to self-sufficiency. The DOL strategy focuses on helping homeless Americans who want to work or can become job-ready. DOL’s objectives are to: 1) provide access to mainstream employment assistance and services, and 2) identify skill needs in today’s workforce and address skill deficiencies of this population. (DOL Mission Statement)
Below is a list of federal and non-federal organizations that address the needs of the homeless. These organizations’ Web sites cover topics such as funding assistance, direct service, and advocacy. All provide information that would be of use and interest to those doing research on issues of homelessness.
Gulcur, L., Tsemberis, S., Stefancic, A., & Greenwood, R.M. (2007, June). Community integration of adults with psychiatric disabilities and histories of homelessness. Community Mental Health Journal, 43(3), 211-228.