As a student at whatever level of your studies, you will be required to avail a number of assignments including an annotated bibliography. There are different types of research papers; meaning that the annotated bibliographies in them are not of a single standard or type. For each paper that you will be required to write, there is a specific type of annotated bibliography that will have to be used. The types of annotations differ depending on what you want the reader to know in reference to the source, or about the author of the source that you have used.
There will come a time in most students' careers when they are assigned a research paper. Such an assignment often creates a great deal of unneeded anxiety in the student, which may result in procrastination and a feeling of confusion and inadequacy. This anxiety frequently stems from the fact that many students are unfamiliar and inexperienced with this genre of writing. Never fear—inexperience and unfamiliarity are situations you can change through practice! Writing a research paper is an essential aspect of academics and should not be avoided on account of one's anxiety. In fact, the process of writing a research paper can be one of the more rewarding experiences one may encounter in academics. What is more, many students will continue to do research throughout their careers, which is one of the reasons this topic is so important.
The thesis of a paper is the paper's raison d'tre,or "reason to be". Therefore, your thesis should be a statement ofthe topic being addressed, the controversy within the topic being presented,and some idea as to the goal of the paper. The reader should be able to discernwhat the paper will be about given the thesis, and will read the paper in lightof its goals.
There are many different and most are formatted according to a prescribed set of standards. Depending on the course you are writing your for, you will be asked to format said paper in a certain style such as , , Chicago Style, or Harvard Style. All of these formats have different requirements, and not just with regard to the bibliography citations. There are standards for , the , as well as the way in which sources are cited within the paper and the way they are cited in the required references section.
: Examine the experimental design, data, and interpretation of the data in a research paper for adequacy and consistency. [Professor may want to hand out questions, to pinpoint specific aspects of the article].
Based on just these two paragraphs from Doenecke's book, we begin to see the value of an annotated bibliography: it lists and comments upon the contents and merits of many sources relating to one larger topic. It points to ways in which these sources complement or contradict one another, thus highlighting disagreements within the of the isolationist movement, and it points to "gaps" in the research, where more work needs to be done. (These gaps might suggest possible topics for research papers, who knows?)
There are two basic methods for paragraphing formalpapers. The first method requires that all text is aligned along the leftmargin and a single line is skipped between each paragraph. For the secondmethod no lines are skipped between paragraphs and the first line of theparagraph is indented one tab space. Since the first method is most commonlyreserved for technical works, you should use the second method.
Back in the history of the United States, in thevery beginnings of Congress, statesmen would passionately argue issues and lawsin an attempt to justly shape the future of the nation. There were, however,those senators and congressmen that would merely walk on both sides of acontroversy and never come down on one side or the other. Thesefence-straddlers came to be known as mugwumps. Do NOT Mugwump. Clearly stateyour conclusion by choosing a side of the debate that you have supported withargument and evidence. You may present an analysis and criticism of existingviews, and even come up with a new one, but you must make a decision. It is ofcourse, quite possible that someone could just as easily argue the opposingview of the topic. However, the idea of the term paper is that you haveperformed enough research, and have adequately addressed and refuted theopposing view so that your conclusion is not just simply "youropinion", but in fact is the reasonable choice derived from logicalanalysis. In truth, if the topic addressed by the term paper is one in whichthere is a concrete answer, then the term paper has been incorrectly writtenand has addressed an unacceptable topic.
For anyone writing a research paper on the isolationist movement of the 1930s, Doenecke's book (or, for anyone writing on the 1960s, the website listed earlier, above) are both important resources. Annotated bibliographies cut down on your research time by pointing you towards useful sources and steering you away from ones likely to yield little information. Writing an annotated bibliography of your own displays your mastery over several related sources that all pertain to one larger topic, and lays an important foundation for a possible .
If you include the author's name(s) in the text of a sentence in the paper, you may omit their names from the parentheses as follows: "Austin (1996) includes valuable references to ...." or "The examples given by Li and Crane (1993) on web addresses ...".
: Conduct the research for a term paper. Do everything except write it. At various stages, students submit: 1) topic clearly defined, 2) annotated bibliography of useful sources, 3) outline of paper, 4) thesis statement, 5) opening paragraph and summary.
Quotes: Quotations are an invaluable tool forresearch papers. They allow you to substantiate your ideas with the exact wordsof an expert or otherwise knowledgeable person. Following is a list of rulesregarding the use of quotations: