A teenage drug abuser might not have to look any further than his or her parent’s medicine chest to ‘score.’ Prescription drug abuse by teens is on the rise.
Prescription drug abuse is a major public health concern. The 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) published by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reports an estimated 6.1 million persons age 12 and over, or 2.4 percent of the United States population, were current (last month) nonmedical users of prescription-type psychotherapeutic drugs. Among these persons, approximately 4.5 million reported nonmedical use of pain relievers, 1.8 million reported nonmedical use of tranquilizers, and 970,000 reported nonmedical use of stimulants. Abuse of prescription medications ranks second in prevalence, after marijuana, among illicit drug users. From 2002 to 2011, the number of persons receiving specialty treatment for a problem with nonmedical use of pain relievers increased from approximately 199,000 to 438,000. In addition, unintentional poisoning deaths involving prescription pain relievers has more than quadrupled from 1999 through 2014 and now outnumber combined deaths involving heroin and cocaine.
The thing is, parents actually do play a huge role in whether their children end up abusing substances. Kids who learn about the dangers of prescription drug abuse from their parents were significantly less likely to use substances than those who did not.
Commonly abused classes of prescription drugs include opioids (for pain), central nervous system (CNS) depressants (for anxiety and sleep disorders), and stimulants Prescription Drug Abuse (Research Reports) Published July 2001.
No one wants to believe that their child is using alcohol or drugs. The truth is that parents are often mistaken about their children’s substance use, and prescription drug abuse is no different. Ten percent of teens admitted to either misusing or abusing medication in the past six months, but only 6 percent of parents of teens said their child abused medications.
Joe Pitt Holds a Hearing on Prescription Drug Abuse," opioid prescription drugs were involved in 16,650 overdose-caused deaths in 2010, accounting for more deaths than from overdoses of heroin and cocaine.
Despite the significant cost of prescription (Rx) drug abuse and calls from policy makers for effective interventions, there is limited research on the effects of policies intended to limit such abuse. This study estimates the effects of prescription drug monitoring (PDMP) programs which is a key policy targeting the non-medical use of Rx drugs. Based on objective indicators of abuse as measured by substance abuse treatment admissions related to Rx drugs, estimates do not suggest any substantial effects of instituting an operational PDMP. We find, however, that mandatory-access provisions, which raised PDMP utilization rates by actually requiring providers to query the PDMP prior to prescribing a controlled drug, are significantly associated with a reduction in Rx drug abuse. The effects are driven primarily by a reduction in opioid abuse, generally strongest among young adults (ages 18-24), and underscore important dynamics in the policy response. Robustness checks are consistent with a causal interpretation of these effects. We also assess potential spillovers of mandatory PDMPs on the use of other illicit drugs, and find a complementary reduction in admissions related to cocaine and marijuana abuse.
This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) encourages applicants to develop innovative research applications on prescription drug abuse, including research to examine the factors contributing to prescription drug abuse; to characterize the adverse medical, mental health and social consequences associated with prescription drug abuse; and to develop effective prevention and service delivery approaches and behavioral and pharmacological treatments. Applications to address these issues are encouraged across a broad range of methodological approaches including basic science, clinical, epidemiological, and health services research to define the extent of the problem of prescription drug abuse, to characterize this problem in terms of classes of drugs abused and combinations of drug types, etiology of abuse, and populations most affected (including analyses by age group, race/ethnicity, gender, and psychiatric symptomatology). Studies on individual- and patient-level factors, prescriber factors, and/or health system factors are encouraged, as are studies on all classes of prescription drugs with high abuse liability, including analgesics, stimulants, sedative/hypnotics and anxiolytics. Researchers are further encouraged to study the relationship between the prescription medication, the indication for which the medication was prescribed (e.g., pain, sleep disorder, anxiety disorder, obesity), and the environmental and individual factors contributing to abuse.
Pharmacists are known to dispense prescription drugs to patients and inform them about their use; However, one aspect of their career most people overlook is that Pharmacists must keep a sharp eye out for criminals looking to abuse these prescribed drugs....
- Addiction to Prescription Medications research papers examine who most commonly gets addicted and how easy it is to become addicted to prescription drugs.
While the use of drugs like cocaine and heroin is in a state of decline in certain parts of the world, prescription drugs abuse is on the rise (UNODC, 2013).