The NFE is responsible for requiring the inclusion of a similar term or condition in any lower tier covered transaction, as described in Subpart B of 2 CFR Part 180, Covered Transactions, as supplemented by USDA’s regulations at Subpart B of 2 CFR Part 417, Covered Transactions.
The provisions of 2 CFR 200 as adopted by USDA through 2 CFR part 400 and the General Terms and Conditions below will not retroactively change the terms and conditions for funds a non-Federal entity has already received (i.e. grants and cooperative agreements made prior to December 26, 2014). However, if a grant or cooperative agreement made previous to December 26, 2014 has post-December 26, 2014 funds added to it (i.e. via amendment), the provisions of 2 CFR 200 as adopted by USDA through 2 CFR part 400 and the General Terms and Conditions below will now apply to the Federal award, and not the pre-December 26, 2014 General Terms and Conditions.
The provisions of 2 CFR 200 as adopted by USDA through 2 CFR part 400 will apply to all Federal awards made after December 26, 2014. The General Terms and Conditions below will apply for all grants and cooperative agreements made after December 26, 2014.
Sustainable agriculture is "a way of practicing agriculture which seeks to optimize skills and technology to achieve long-term stability of the agricultural enterprise, environmental protection, and consumer safety. It is achieved through management strategies which help the producer select hybrids and varieties, soil conserving cultural practices, soil fertility programs, and pest management programs. The goal of sustainable agriculture is to minimize adverse impacts to the immediate and off-farm environments while providing a sustained level of production and profit. Sound resource conservation is an integral part of the means to achieve sustainable agriculture." [USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) General Manual (180-GM, Part 407). Available at USDA Website: Select Title 180; Part 407 - Sustainable Agriculture; Subpart A - General. (10/20/09)]
Other agencies within the USDA that play a role in food safety include the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the Cooperative Sate Research, Education and Extension Service (CSREES). There is currently no content classified with this term.
Bamboo has a multitude of uses. It is the fastest growing plant used in the landscape to create a natural, tall privacy screen. Some people are captivated by bamboos decorative appeal; the dazzling array of colors, and graceful, evergreen foliage. Others recognize bamboo as the premiere renewable resource of the 21st century, as it is able to double or even triple its mass in one growing season, requiring little more than water, soil, and sunlight. The culms are strong, some have greater density than oak, yet are light weight and flexible. The new shoots that emerge every spring are edible and can be managed as a food crop, yielding many pounds of fresh produce each spring. The pulp can be made into paper, culms into timber, innovative architects are designing complex, earthquake resistant houses, using bamboo as the primary structure. Our culture is just beginning to tap into this outstanding utility. Bamboo is highly efficient in converting carbon dioxide into oxygen, and may be used to help curb the effects of global warming. Decoration and privacy screens in the temperate landscape are the main qualities addressed in our website.
Bamboo should be understood, not feared. There are modern techniques, some revitalized in the west from Asian culture, used to control the vigorous nature of bamboo. The most important part of maintenance is understanding how and why bamboo spreads. One must recognizing where and when to wield the spade and loppers. The ability to identify what types of bamboo have fast spreading habits and which are clumping, will enable one to make the right choices for certain landscapes. Bamboo spreads by rhizome and is limited by its physical surroundings. Newly introduced species of true Clumping Bamboo have caught the attention of many, due to their unique root structure that creates tight clusters of culms -one can grow them without worry of unwanted spread.
Bamboo has a reputation as a difficult plant to manage. Consider that when a bamboo issue is recognized, most often when the new growth shows itself in unwanted places, it is because the bamboo has been forgotten until the problem presents itself. The new shoots blast out of ground and say "Here I am, shouldn't have ignored me". There is a simple and reliable way to prevent this from ever happening. Root pruning. I often compare the effort between bamboo and lawn maintenance: If one did not mow their lawn for three years, it would be over 6 feet tall and overgrown with dandelions and other weeds, requiring a lot of hard work to restore. Likewise, if bamboo is ignored, it may run rampant, spreading rhizomes around the yard, also requiring great effort to remove. I can confirm that containing bamboo, with proper root pruning techniques, annually takes less effort than keeping a lawn tidy. Bamboo requires consistency. Two to three sessions of root pruning per year will keep even the largest, most vigorous species in check. Hopefully the following article will provide some clarity, as well as dispel a few myths, about taming our beloved giant grass. There is a lot of information which may seem complicated, but do not worry; all in all, bamboo is an easy plant to grow, without many special requirements. Dirt, Water, and Light. If anything is unclear, please email us with questions, suggestions, or constructive criticism.
Clumping Bamboo vs. Running Bamboo
Determine whether a bamboo with a clumping or running (spreading) root mass is more appropriate for the project in mind. True Clumping Bamboo are distinctly different from Running Bamboo and require very little maintenance to keep their spread in check. They are generally smaller, 8 to 16 feet in height is most common for the temperate varieties. The root structure grows together in a dense cluster, never spreading more than a few inches out from the base in a season. As such, they are becoming very popular in the landscape. They do not bare large, upright culms that, for many people, define bamboo. Their culms are slender, about the width of a stout fishing rod, supporting a dense plume of foliage. For more information see: (or scroll farther down this page). For information about Running Bamboo, read on.
There are 15 different genera and well over a hundred species and cultivars of Running Bamboo that can be grown in temperate climates. They range in all shapes and sizes, from a modest 2 feet ( "Pygmy Bamboo") to a mighty 60 feet in height, with potential to surpass 75 feet in their native climate and
We have made our selection based on hardiness, decorative appeal, qualitywood for timber, edible shoots, and tall height for screening potential (especially ), to make up the bulk of inventory for sale. We grow a dozen different genera and about 40 different species, so if looking for something specific that is not on our general list, we may carry it or know how to find it. Species of the genus represent classic bamboos with large diameter culms,tall and upright habit, cold hardy, evergreen foliage and, of course, vigorous by nature. They also have a diverse range of sizes from 20 feet up to 60 feet tall in the Pacific Northwest, and even taller in hot, southern states. Most prefer partial to full sun, though some can grow very well in shade.