Although this is not a reflection on the potential importance of it in health care, it does reveal that a great deal of work is still needed to determine how it can be utilized to improve important outcomes and overall quality of care in diverse health care settingsA strategic approach for funding research: an overview of the agency for healthcare research and quality's patient safety then, the agency has continued to support research and development projects in the use of information technology to improve health care, awarding 0 million dollars to fund more than 150 projects in medical ng the quality chasm: a new health system for the 21st for healthcare research and quality âahrq issues request for applications on clinical informatics and patient safety healthcare software architecture, design, and engineering; electronic health records; medical data mining; and much agency will distribute recommendations from the united states preventive services task force to physicians and other health care professionals through epocrates' docalertÂ® messaging system
The report, making health care safer: a critical analysis of patient safety practices, found that there was relatively little evidence that computerized physician order entry (cpoe) with clinical decision support or other it innovations improved important outcomes across diverse practice were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer it has the potential to greatly improve the quality of health care, the evidence that it improves important health related outcomes is oundin 1998, the committee on the quality of health care in america, established within the institute of medicine (iom), was asked to identify strategies for improving the quality of health care in the united noted by the iom's committee on quality health care in america, âinformation technology must play a central role in the redesign of the health care system if a substantial improvement in quality is to be achieved over the coming journal explores the application of computer and information science principles, information technology, and communication technology to healthcare and everyday wellness, highlighting novel contributions in computingoriented Three decades of research on computer applications in health care: medical informatics support at the agency for healthcare research and quality
This journal explores the application of computer and information science principles, information technology, and communication technology to healthcare and everyday wellness, highlighting novel contributions in computingoriented healthcare n for a proposal to the bureau of health resources development, 1in 1969, ahrq was known as the national center for health services research and development (nchsr&d)referencesagency for healthcare research and quality primary care practicebased research ts innovative technical contributions highlighting analytics, systems, and human factors research in healthcare include but not limited to: healthcare software architecture, framework, design, and engineering;electronic health recordsmedical data miningpredictive modelingmedical information retrievalmedical natural language processinghealthcare information systemssmart health and connected healthsocial media analyticsmobile healthcaremedical signal processinghuman factors in healthcareusability studies in healthcareuserinterface design for medical devices and healthcare softwarehealth service deliveryhealth gamessecurity and privacy in healthcaremedical recommender systemhealthcare workflow managementdisease profiling and personalized treatmentvisualization of medical dataintelligent medical devices and sensorsrfid solutions for healthcarehealthcare decision analytics and support systemsepidemiological surveillance systems and intervention modelingconsumer and clinician health information needs, seeking, sharing, and usesemantic web, linked data, and ontologycollaboration technologies for healthcareassistive and adaptive ubiquitous computing technologiesstatistics and quality of medical datahealthcare delivery in developing countrieshealth systems modeling and simulationcomputeraided ations of computers in health care delivery: an overview and research congress reauthorized and renamed the agency in 1999, it specifically directed ahrq to evaluate informatics applications, decision support systems, and computerized patient records to reduce medical errors, improve patient safety, and promote quality improvement in diverse patient settings
Agency for healthcare research and quality ahrq research relevant to bioterrorism use of it can help overcome this gap in knowledge management and application through tools to enhance the translation, implementation, and dissemination of important research findings in clinical deal with economic issues (evidence of costeffectiveness; large facility and equipment investments; issues posed by regional computer systems); public policy issues (information privacy, security and integrity; standards for health care information systems) and technologic issues (medical databases; automated aids for medical decisionmaking)Introductionin 1969, when the internet was known as the darpanet and the world wide web was nothing more than a glint in a creative student's mind, the agency for healthcare research and quality funded its first project in medical the table of contents of every new issue published in journal of healthcare informatics cial intelligencebioinformaticscommunication networksdatabase management & information retrievalgeneral issueshardwarehciimage processinginformation systems and applicationsmedia designsecurity and cryptologysoftware engineeringtheoretical computer science: foundationstheoretical computer science: mathematicslncs (lecture notes in computer science) tutorialsall textbooks in computer ledges that, âalthough the potential benefits of it are compelling, the evidence in support of these benefits varies greatly by type of application
Children’s health care research raises some distinct methodological issues that studies are encouraged to address. These include: the need for a development perspective that takes into account the variation and rapid changes in development that are characteristic of children, especially in the neonatal, infancy, early childhood, and adolescent periods, the need for considering a range of perspectives (e.g., child, family, community, society at large), the fact that children generally are much more resilient physically than are older individuals, the need to identify large sample sizes for research with children with specific conditions and/or specific developmental stages, the need to consider the child-relevant range of health care topics (e.g., preventive services through end of life care) and health care settings (including community health clinics, school and other community-based health care delivery sites, ancillary services, as well as health care settings such as community-based offices and hospital inpatient and emergency departments), the fact that many children live in poverty, the need to consider in more detail long-term outcomes and the need for longitudinal research, and ethical issues surrounding the delivery of health care to children (e.g., to adolescents).
Applications with innovative and efficient research designs that can address these child-relevant issues are encouraged. Specific research interests include:
This NIH Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA), supported by funds from the NIH Common Fund (), invites applications to support bioinformatics research training programs at low or middle income (LMIC) African country institutions with significant genomics research capacity. African applicants may propose graduate degree and long term postdoctoral bioinformatics research training in collaboration with other African or high income country (HIC) collaborators. It is expected that these training programs will address the need for bioinformatics research expertise in the H3Africa Consortium and result in sustainable centers of bioinformatics research training relevant to global health research for the African continent.
Global health research is increasingly utilizing genomic approaches (e.g. GWAS, whole genome sequencing, epigenomic mapping, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics), computational structure determination of proteins and other biochemical entities and digital image, phenotype and clinical record analysis that generate enormous amounts of data. Bioinformatics expertise is essential to develop new methods to manage large datasets, databases and pipelines for analysis as well as apply computational methodologies to visualize data and solve biological questions related to disease pathogenesis, transmission, prevention, diagnosis or treatment.
The purpose of this FOA is to invite applications to support bioinformatics research training programs at African institutions in low or middle income countries (LMICs) that will address the need for advanced bioinformatics and data science research expertise in the H3Africa Consortium. African LMIC applicant institutions with significant genomics research capacity (documented by genomics research funding and publications) may propose bioinformatics research training programs. The program proposed should aim to coalesce and create the leadership, interdisciplinary approaches and mentorship necessary to create a sustainable bioinformatics research training program relevant to global health research for the African continent. Each award will support interdisciplinary training to develop bioinformatics scientists capable of leading or participating in integrative, team approaches to significant global health problems. Programs may involve faculty and trainees with backgrounds in informatics, biology, medicine, computer science, statistics, engineering and mathematics. The training program should provide:
Providing the next generation of African researchers with opportunities in genomics. Establishing the next generation of African researchers to take advantage of genomic approaches to health research is a primary objective of the H3Africa program. H3Africa projects provide a variety of career enhancement opportunities for students, such as attending seminars and scientific meetings, writing papers, and giving talks. Long-term sustainability and institutional/governmental commitments to research education programs and independent career opportunities are objectives of H3Africa.
Trainees emerging from proposed masters, doctoral and postdoctoral programs should be able to conduct original basic or applied research at the intersection of computer, statistical and information sciences with one or more biomedical applications. Successful trainees from these programs should be prepared for research roles in African institutions. This initiative is not intended to prepare trainees for careers primarily focused on the planning, deployment, maintenance, or administration of computer systems in health care, public health, medical education or research. The emphasis in this program is on the development of trainee capabilities to pursue new knowledge that advances biomedical research, bioinformatics and data science.
Proposed training in a core curriculum for research masters' and doctoral degrees should include bioinformatics and data science principles and concepts, quantitative methods, such as biostatistics and applied mathematics, concepts of computer science, engineering, information sciences and/or other relevant fields. Special emphasis should be given to instruction in the design of rigorous, reproducible research studies in bioinformatics and data science related to genomics research. This core curriculum may be supplemented by other relevant courses and research experience in one or more biomedical applications so that trainees acquire an appropriate depth of knowledge to pursue meaningful global health research in areas such as mining of large scale genome-phenome datasets, intelligent tools for curation, visualization and analysis of biomedical big data, precision medicine, biomedical big data analytics, biostatistics, in-silico trials, merging and mining large disparate data sets that mix images, text and data.