Nuclear power has been promoted
world-wide as economically advantageous and necessary to
replace fossil fuels as the means of energy production in
the 21st century .
However UNSCEAR has recently attempted to limit the assessment of collective doses by recommending that doses below global average background levels (ie about 3 mSv per year) should be ignored. This follows the UNSCEAR chairman’s early suggestion that radiation exposure from the Fukushima nuclear accident would have no health effects (Dahl, 2011). I have examined and discounted these statements in a . As we shall see, several studies have also ignored UNSCEAR’s recommendation and made collective dose estimates arising from Fukushima.
Tsubokura M, Gilmour S, Takahashi K, Oikawa T, Kanazawa Y. 2012. Internal radiation exposure after the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster. JAMA 308:669–670.
Tokyo Electronic Power Company. 2012. An Estimate of Radioactive Substances Released into the Atomosphere after the Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Accident [in Japanese]. Available: [accessed 30 April 2014].
Taira Y, Hayashida N, Tsuchiya R, Yamaguchi H, Takahashi J, Kazlovsky A, et al. 2013. Vertical distribution and estimated doses from artificial radionuclides in soil samples around the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the Semipalatinsk nuclear testing site. Plos One 8:e57524; doi: .
However, this could be mitigated and combated by the diverse and redundant barriers as well as safety systems in place to nuclear plants, testing and maintenance activity, training and skills of reactor operators and regulatory requirements and oversight of the U.S.
Thesis Quickly after the disaster that occurred in Japan President Obama requested that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) conduct a safety review of the Nuclear Power plants of the United States (Koch, 2011)....
On 11 March 2011, the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant in northeast Japan was substantially damaged by the Great East Japan Earthquake and its subsequent tsunami . Approximately 900 PBq of radionuclides, including 500 PBq of iodine-131 (131I) and a total of 20 PBq cesium isotopes (134Cs and 137Cs), were released into the atmosphere, contaminating > 1,800 km2 of land [; ]. Although the amount of radionuclides released was just one-sixth of that from the Chernobyl accident (), people in areas affected by the disaster received annual effective doses up to 5 mSv, which was equivalent to the standard that was fixed 5 years after the Chernobyl accident for recommended relocation (; ; ). Accordingly, the disaster has raised concerns about the short- and long-term health consequences of radiation in Japan and worldwide.
Uranium has been discovered in some states in the northern part of the country and in cross river state. If fully explored, this can serve as a more environmental friendly source of electricity than oil and gas. The country?s nuclear research reactor situated in Zaria is powered by uranium and designed for teaching purpose.
This stems from the fact that many reactors are built on coastal sites exposed to the influence of sea level rise including flooding and erosion (Caldicott, 89) Tangible issues of Nuclear power and recommendation: Nuclear power is said to be dirty, dangerous and expensive.
The Nigeria Atomic Energy Commission (NAEC) and Nigeria Nuclear Regulatory Agency (NNRA) are the commissions charged with the responsibility to coordinate the development of the nation?s nuclear resources. NAEC was established as far back as in 1976 as a part of the Ministry of Science and Technology until in 2011 when it was made a full-fledged commission.
It is estimated that by the
year 2000 forty percent of the world's energy production
will be from sources other than fossil fuels or nuclear
power .It is estimated that to meet , via nuclear power a
quarter of the projected U.S.
Moreover, the new investment in nuclear power and its infrastructure could block development of renewable energy and energy efficiency which is the tangible solutions to climate change (McLeish, 198) Secondly, nuclear power continues to emit radioactive wastes the like of uranium mill tailings, used reactor fuel, as well as other radioactive wastes.