Controversies remain as to the degree to which clients are harmed and the kind of compensation that should be required in civil suits. Research showing harm in the form of mental disorders resulting from such contact has been criticized on methodological grounds as well as on the bases that a single incident or series of incidents that do not qualify as precursors for post traumatic stress disorder within the DSM-IV criteria cannot be alleged to be the sole source of the disorder in a civil suit.
It took a long time for the scope and even the existence of the problem to be acknowledged. In the late 1960’s, the first research into the subject was undertaken, but the resulting report was suppressed by the Los Angeles APA, despite its own ethical prohibition against suppressing research findings.
Cumming’s marketing and advertisements strategies follow strict policies based on ethics that rest on a fundamental belief in people's dignity and decency.
Insurance companies, including managed care companies, have the responsibility to protect privacy. This includes having systems and policies in place to accomplish such protection. Clients are not always aware of what information will be sent to insurers, particularly where managed care policies include reviewing clinical information in order to determine whether to authorize additional treatment or a change in level of care. Informed consent dictates that therapists provide enough information about their relationship with the insurer that the client can be make informed choices regarding their confidentiality.
The science of Marketing is a new arrival in the business sector which uses a variety of different ways of designing, producing and advertising of a product; in order the consumers chose one product over another of a similar use....
The four articles to be reviewed are; “The Social Responsibilities of Business is to Increase its Profits” by Milton Friedman, “The Relevance of Responsibility to Ethical Business Decisions” by Patrick E.
Using this type of advertising, these drug companies allow details of a particular drug to spread to a potential patient and then most likely pushed by the doctor upon visit....
2.7 Marriage and family therapists, when working with a group, explain to the group the importance of maintaining confidentiality, and are encouraged to obtain agreement from group participants to respect the confidentiality of other members of the group.* ibid.
The AAMFT Code of Ethics is slightly more detailed, but very similar to that of CAMFT.
Lobby Expenditure or Political Contribution? Sometimes questions arise as to whether a particular expenditure is a political contribution or a lobby expenditure. If an expenditure is required to be reported under the lobby law, it is by definition not a political contribution and is therefore not regulated or reported as a political contribution. Elec. Code § 251.001(2)(B); Ethics Advisory Opinion (1992).
The confidentiality of psychotherapy clients includes the question of whether they are participating in mental health services. Psychotherapists must refrain from confirming or denying that any individual is or has been a client, so long as there is no legal exception to confidentiality. All details of the verbal and written communications in the course of psychotherapy, assessment, testing, reporting and other communications are also protected as private information.
Ethics Policies According o Golja and Paulisic (2010) ethics is define as a system of moral principles, the rule of conduct recognized in respects to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture and the moral principles of an individual....
Allocating to More Than One Category. When a particular lobby expenditure includes expenses categorized under more than one reporting category (for example, a payment to a hotel for "food and beverages" as well as "lodging"), or when a particular category of lobby expenditure is attributable to more than one beneficiary (for example, food and beverages served to a senator and members of the senator's family), the expenditures should be allocated between the appropriate reporting categories. Ethics Advisory Opinions , (1992).
The marketers and MNCs operating in different spheres and regions all over the world have started realizing the significance of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and ethics in marketing along with their role in carrying out the business that takes care of the community’s interest at the same time maximizing the profit levels of their companies (Matten & Moon, 2004)....
For these codes to be considered effective they are required to be able to define the responsibilities of an organisation to stakeholders, the conduct expected of employees (Kaptein & Wempe, 2002) and articulate the ethical parameters of the organization as to what is acceptable and what is not (Stevens, 1994).