This project began with a serendipitous crossing of the paths of four scholars working on the transmission of knowledge and the history of science in European, Middle Eastern, and East Asian societies. All of us have extensive experience with libraries—as readers, catalogers, and librarians—and hence quickly found common ground in our abiding interest in the composition of finding aids between 1400 and 1800 ce. In western Europe, during the early modern era, the transformation of feudal societies into territorial states prompted the ruling elites to invest into the construction of imperial libraries and archives, whose design projected transregional connections and supranational ambitions to the world at large. Although new cataloging principles emerged for the collections housed within these new physical spaces, they did not explicitly break with the already recognized knowledge traditions, and rather attempted to integrate the established authoritative epistemes into new classificatory regimes. These finding aids are fascinating objects in their own right: as artifacts they are primarily paper tools and, yet, their written contents can also be understood as a graphic representation of ideas. Therefore, we decided to focus our exploratory workshop on the catalogues themselves. One of our goals was to cross over the institutional barriers of memory institutions such as libraries, archives, and museums, as they often generate a confrontational relationship between readers and librarians. We invited colleagues with a wide range of expertise to reflect on the roles of finding aids within the history of their own academic disciplines. The transformation of concepts of knowledge—from fifteenth-century Humanism to eighteenth-century Enlightenment and nineteenth-century Positivism—has already received significant scholarly attention, and it has been studied from the bottom-up through tracking the interpersonal transmission of knowledge, and from the top-down by analyzing how imperial institutions, such as academies and universities, supported the diffusion of knowledge. Against this backdrop, the workshop pursued the nexus between the catalogued items—whether written texts or material artifacts—and the concrete, practical power of a catalogue. How were finding aids employed as instruments for transforming amassed holdings into a collection’s apparent order? Conversely, how were cataloging ventures expressions of a ruler’s sophistication through the effective control of precious, rare assets? In the daily business of doing research catalogues are usually experienced as humble tools and inevitable intermediaries operating as transparent, and thus seemingly neutral, interfaces between readers and written texts. We wanted to use the exploratory workshop for comparing finding aids in different cultural traditions in order to open fresh views of these very familiar resources—as if they had suddenly changed into unexplored territories.
Choose 4 of the 6 Wonders of the Ancient World (excluding the - FC2Be as thorough as possible essay papers online the Great Pyramid of Egypt which we covered in class) and report on them in a formal research paperChoose 4 of the 6 wonders of the ancient world (excluding the greatcovered in class) and report on them in a formal research paper be as thorough as possible university essays Choose 4 of the 6 wonders of the ancient world (excluding the great pyramid of egypt which we covered in class) and report on them in a formal research paper be as thorough as possible university essaysChoose 4 of the 6 wonders of the ancient world (excluding the greatReport52 web fc2 com Choose 4 of the 6 wonders of the ancient world (excluding the great pyramid of egypt which we covered in class) and report on them in a formal research paper be as thorough as possible write essay for me risk premium can i get into a good grad school no matter what university i come out from?Choose 4 of the 6 Wonders of the Ancient World (excluding the GreatChoose 4 of the 6 Wonders of the Ancient World (excluding the Great Pyramid of Egypt which we covered in class) and report on them in a formal research Be as thorough as possible essay writer free Home Uncategorized; buy research papers online cheap p6 communicate Egyptian pyramids ancient egypt onlineChoose 4 of the 6 Wonders of the Ancient World (excluding the GreatLeylia com Choose 4 of the 6 Wonders of the Ancient World (excluding the Great Pyramid of Egypt which we covered in class) and report on them in a formal research paper Be as thorough as possible essay writing helper buy research papers online cheap inupiaq art get someone write my paper civilization and its
From that perspective, the breakdown of the peace process and outbreak of Arafat's war in September 2000 can be better understood. For it was only after Israeli concessions had reached their limit in July 2000 at Camp David that Arafat (prematurely) opted to launch Stage Two. In fact, in June 2001, the late Faysal Al-Husseini, a key member of the PLO inner circle, revealed in an interview in the Egyptian newspaper Al-Arabi that the Oslo Accords were what he labeled—“a Trojan Horse,” explaining:
Diplomacy : Under the cover of a diplomatic move, Egypt used a three-month cease-fire in the War of Attrition to move its anti-aircraft batteries forward along the Suez Canal to cover 20 kilometers into Israeli-held Sinai, in blatant violation of the terms of the cease-fire. Under intense American pressure, and despite the violation, Israel acquiesced, agreeing not to ‘take out' the batteries, which ultimately enabled the Egyptians to overrun Israeli defenses along the canal when Egypt launched the Yom Kippur War three years later in 1973. In retrospect, Egypt had viewed the August 1970 cease-fire as merely a hudna— a tactical temporary truce, to be honored until Egypt felt that it was strong enough to renew the battle against Israel .
Diplomacy: Near the end of the Arab revolt, the most radical hard-line faction of Palestinian society gained the upper hand over the moderate Palestinian faction that opposed the revolt as unproductive. The so-called moderates were, however, far from conciliatory toward the idea of a Jewish state. They rejected the idea of partition, but were prepared to take a long view and put up with a trickle of Jewish immigration for the limited time mandated under the terms of the patently pro-Arab 1939 White Paper. Under the guidance of the Mufti, the hard-liners presented an all-or-nothing stance that called for full Arab independence in all of Palestine and the establishment of an Arab state.
- Science term paper topics that give you unique ideas for your research on anything from global warming, human genome, minerals, neandertals, and 100's more topic ideas.
Speaking about contemporary Egypt, it should be said that this is one of the leading countries of North Africa. Its economic advances put the country into the avant-garde of African economy, while other countries to the South from Egyptare consistently less developed and their population lives in poverty. However, it does not necessarily mean that Egyptis a prosperous country. In fact, poverty is still a serious problem Egypthas to overcome. At the same time, it is possible to note a considerable socioeconomic progress in Egyptwithin the last few decades. The relative stability of the national economy was, to a significant extent, determined by the attractiveness of Egyptfor tourists who simply rushed to Egypt, especially after numerous archeological discoveries in the 20th century.
- Political Science Term Paper topic suggestions give the warn out topics of democracy, liberty, the President and Congress, new life with interesting and innovative twists on common Poly Sci assignments.
- History term paper ideas vary from the Aztecs of New Mexico to Sitting Bull and early American History. Slavery, the industrial revolution, Kennedy and Vietnam and more. Get original ideas from Paper Masters on your History term paper.
- Pharaohs was clearly one of the most effective in all of human historyâboth in terms of its longevity and in terms of the benefits that it provided for many Ancient Egyptians.
- Philosophy can be difficult to comprehend and even more difficult to write a term paper on. Get well-thought-out philosophy topic suggestions from our vast array of ideas. Topics such as the illusion of free will, justice in the City of God, Plato's Allegory of the Cave and many more.
The variety of monuments and places to visit will make it possible for students to have a wide spectrum of possibilities to select a project of interest for their term paper.
Egyptis one of the largest countries of North Africa which is actually a bridge between Africa and Asia because it is through theterritoryofEgypttwo continents are united. Such physical position ofEgyptpredetermined, to a significant extent, its economic and political development. Since ancient epoch,Egypthas played the leading role in the region, though there were periods when the glory ofEgyptdeclined, but its historical heritage can hardly be underestimated. In addition, today,Egypthas preserved its leading role in the region, the borderline between Asia andAfrica. The country influences political as well as socioeconomic development of the region and its economic potential is huge, though, the country still stumbles through numerous economic problems which preventEgyptfrom accelerated economic growth and prosperity. Nevertheless, it is possible to say thatEgyptis the country with a great history and huge potential that allows Egyptians to expect for the renewal ofEgypt’s would-be prosperity.