The probability of subsequent ruination might be low — and is perhaps extremely low conditional on getting the setup right. One reason is that once we have created many self-sustaining space colonies, any disaster confined to a single planet cannot eliminate all of humanity. Another reason is that once technological maturity is safely reached, there are fewer potentially dangerous technologies left to be discovered. A third reason is that a technologically mature civilization would be superintelligent (or have access to the advice of superintelligent artificial entities) and thus better able to foresee danger and devise plans to minimize existential risk. While foresight will not reduce risk if no effective action is available, a civilization with mature technology can take action against a great range of existential risks. Furthermore, if it turns out that attaining technological maturity without attaining singletonhood condemns a civilization to irreversible degeneration, then if flawed realization is avoided we can assume that our technologically mature civilization can solve global-coordination problems, which increases its ability to take effective action to prevent subsequent ruination.
The differences in the DSB repair pathways between mouse and human stem cells have been described (). In general, the comparisons of stem cells across species suggest that significant differences may be observed, so extrapolation from animal stem cell models to human health risk assessment should be done with care (; ). For the present study, we chose human adipose-tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). This cell type displays multipotency with the ability under the correct conditions to differentiate into lineages that cover a wide range of organs and tissues, such as bone, fat, cartilage, muscle, lung, skin, hepatocytes, and neurons (; ; ). Of note, MSCs are at higher risk of malignant transformation than are embryonic stem cells ().
Human resource professional worldwide has identified three biggest challenges faced by human resource executives over the coming decade include rewarding and retaining the best employees, creating a corporate atmosphere that attracts the best employees to companies and developing the next generation of corporate leaders. The research also explores investment problems, evolvement of the labor force, talent management techniques and vital human resource knowledge and competencies. The following is a list of the top blogs and news sites for human resource management information. Each and every one of them offers different, relevant, great and updated information on various aspects of the industry. They include Achieves that is devoted to enlightening human resource professionals to enhance and improve employee behavior. Society for human resource management is committed to providing industry information to the world’s biggest human resource management. SHRM the society is a personal membership and comprises human resource professionals with various titles. Topix-Human resource that focuses on human resource news and is continuously updated from numerous news sources all over the world through the internet. People Management is the United Kingdom best online human resource magazine with a more than 128000 circulation.
This funding opportunity announcement (FOA), issued by the NIH Basic Behavioral & Social Science Opportunity Network (), invites applications for short-term mentored career enhancement (K18) awards in basic behavioral and social sciences research (b-BSSR). This funding mechanism will support development of research capability in b-BSSR, with specific emphasis on cross-training and establishing collaborations between researchers with expertise in animal models of basic behavioral and social processes and those studying similar or related processes in human subjects. Basic research using any non-human species or with human subjects in laboratory- or field-based settings is appropriate for this FOA. Eligible candidates for this K18 will be either: (a) scientists conducting b-BSSR in animal models who seek training in the study of similar or related behavioral or social processes in humans; or (b) investigators conducting b-BSSR in human subjects who seek training in the study of similar or related processes in animal models. Candidates may be at any rank or level of research/academic development beyond three years of postdoctoral experience.
According to the Institute for Innovation in Social Policy at Vassar College, a 2009 analysis revealed that the index of social health had dropped to the lowest point in 13 years, presumably due to the economic recession of 2007. Since the institute began tracking social health data in 1970, indices such as child poverty and abuse, teen suicide, and income inequality have steadily worsened. In terms of global infant mortality rates, 40 other countries boast rates lower than ours, including Canada, Western Europe, New Zealand, Australia, and Japan. On a brighter note, many groups in the United States and around the world are working to improve social health policies.
The area marked "X" in figure 2 represents existential risks. This is the category of risks that have (at least) crushing severity and (at least) pan-generational scope.6 As noted, an existential risk is one that threatens to cause the extinction of Earth-originating intelligent life or the permanent and drastic failure of that life to realize its potential for desirable development. In other words, an existential risk jeopardizes the entire future of humankind.
- Genetic Engineering research papers show that cloning through genetic engineering has taken place for many years. - Genetics research papers examine the study of genes and how they relate to heredity and variation in living organisms. - Human Genome Project research papers write on mapping the genetic code of the cells in the human body. - Human osteology is the study of human bones.
People with strong family ties continue to rely on those relationships for lifelong support and satisfaction. However, not everyone is so fortunate. If your family didn’t meet your needs, know two things. One, humans are resilient. The tremendous personal growth that occurs during adolescence and young adult life provide another opportunity to establish intimate relationships. Two, you can build a supportive community of friends and significant others. You don’t have to be biologically related to people for them to feel like family.
One gets a large number even if one confines one's consideration to the potential for biological human beings living on Earth. If we suppose with Parfit that our planet will remain habitable for at least another billion years, and we assume that at least one billion people could live on it sustainably, then the potential exist for at least 1016 human lives of normal duration. These lives could also be considerably better than the average contemporary human life, which is so often marred by disease, poverty, injustice, and various biological limitations that could be partly overcome through continuing technological and moral progress.
At best, maxipok is a rule of thumb or a suggestion. It is not a principle of absolute validity, since there clearly are moral ends other than the prevention of existential catastrophe. The principle's usefulness is as an aid to prioritization. Unrestricted altruism is not so common that we can afford to fritter it away on a plethora of feel-good projects of suboptimal efficacy. If benefiting humanity by increasing existential safety achieves expected good on a scale many orders of magnitude greater than that of alternative contributions, we would do well to focus on this most efficient philanthropy.
Although it is conceivable that, in the billion or so years during which Earth might remain habitable before being overheated by the expanding sun, a new intelligent species would evolve on our planet to fill the niche vacated by an extinct humanity, this is very far from certain to happen. The probability of a recrudescence of intelligent life is reduced if the catastrophe causing the extinction of the human species also exterminated the great apes and our other close relatives, as would occur in many (though not all) human-extinction scenarios. Furthermore, even if another intelligent species were to evolve to take our place, there is no guarantee that the successor species would sufficiently instantiate qualities that we have reason to value. Intelligence may be necessary for the realization of our future potential for desirable development, but it is not sufficient. All scenarios involving the premature extinction of humanity will be counted as existential catastrophes, even though some such scenarios may, according to some theories of value, be relatively benign. It is not part of the of existential catastrophe that it is all-things-considered bad, although that will probably be a reasonable supposition in most cases.
Results: Microwaves from mobile phones inhibited formation of 53BP1 foci in human primary fibroblasts and mesenchymal stem cells. These data parallel our previous findings for human lymphocytes. Importantly, the same GSM carrier frequency (915 MHz) and UMTS frequency band (1947.4 MHz) were effective for all cell types. Exposure at 905 MHz did not inhibit 53BP1 foci in differentiated cells, either fibroblasts or lymphocytes, whereas some effects were seen in stem cells at 905 MHz. Contrary to fibroblasts, stem cells did not adapt to chronic exposure during 2 weeks.