The study of all aspects of divorce and attachment is important to how parents, psychologists and teachers approach and understand children of divorced families in order to help them reach their full potential as adults.The attachment theory has a basis in three theoretical approaches and was first related to primate and infant-mother studies.
If you and your partner are thinking about getting a divorce it is important that the both of you are aware of the potential short-term and long-term effects your actions may have on your child:
Though this might have beneficial results for the children, it has also been seen as a reason for later year divorces, those that occur much later in the course of the marriage.Although children can sometimes prevent divorce from occurring, research shows that similarity between the partners in a marriage is by far the most conclusive factor in the decision to divorce.
Additionally, the presence of children in the family situation as well as how similar the partners are to one another correlate with the decision of divorce.
Financial and ethnicity stressors can also cause marital complications (Warner & Seccombe, 2003).Thus, although attachment theories may represent one view on the correlation between relationships formed in childhood and adulthood and how these attachments affect and react to divorce, there are other views, including socio-psychological factors that seem to be more prevalent in the correlation between society, personality, and divorce decisions.
Do theory-guided prevention programs reduce children’s post-divorce adjustment problems? Do these programs change theoretical mediators (i.e., variables that are hypothesized to account for the effect of divorce on adjustment problems), and do changes in mediators account for the improvements in adjustment problems? Are the program effects maintained over development? How can access to programs be increased?
Over the past 35 years, two groups of investigators have developed child-focused programs that demonstrated positive effects on child adjustment problems using experimental and/; three groups of investigators demonstrated positive effects on child adjustment problems with parent-focused programs using experimental designs. Of these five programs, only one has been evaluated with more than one experimental trial. The methodological rigor of the quasi-experimental designs has varied widely across investigations, ranging from using a comparison group of children from non-divorced families, to randomly assigning schools (but not individuals) to intervention conditions.
The high prevalence of divorce means that its impact on population rates of problem outcomes is substantial.11 From a population attributable factor perspective, in which the maximum proportion of an outcome due to a risk factor that could be prevented by removing it is calculated, 36% of mental health problems in early adulthood, 30% of teen pregnancies, and 23% of school dropouts could be prevented by eliminating the negative effects of divorce.12 The development, evaluation and dissemination of programs for this at-risk group have important public health implications.
The prevalence of divorce, its negative sequelae, and the variability in children’s response to divorce argue strongly for the development of theory-guided interventions. This paper presents current knowledge on theory-guided programs designed to prevent child adjustment problems following divorce. The review is restricted to preventive interventions that have shown positive effects on adjustment problems in at least one experimental or quasi-experimental trial.
It is estimated that 50% of youth in the U.S. experience parental divorce.1 Compared to youth in two-parent families, those from divorced families exhibit higher levels of mental health problems and academic and social difficulties,2,3 as well as higher rates of substance use and teen pregnancy. For some, the negative effects of parental divorce continue into adulthood.4,5,6 Although divorce confers increased risk for problems in multiple domains, most children from divorced homes do not experience significant adjustment problems.
Divorce and separation have direct impact on children’s development. In addition to understanding how they can influence behaviour, this topic aims to provide a better understanding of the possible effects according to the child’s age and how to lessen these effects through various interventions.
This is a great addition to the understanding of the attachment process and provides a stronger platform for the discussion on how this bond can be affected in the event of a separation or divorce. Lastly, Siebel expanded on socio-psychological views on divorce that were only briefly mentioned in the original text.