Some athletes use steroids with the hope of improving their capability to hit farther, run faster, lift extra weight, jump relatively higher and have more stamina or patience. In most of the countries, including United States, the usage of anabolic steroids without doctor’s prescription is against law. Androstenedione is a type of anabolic steroid that is used by athletes who wish to build their muscles. However, it is a misconception, as research suggests, that Androstenedione, if taken in large quantity or doses every day, can increase testosterone level significantly, ultimately leading to different health problems. Steroids usage can cause the liver to develop tumor or increase chances of heart attacks ultimately shortening the life. Steroids can cause hair loss and affect user’s reproductive organs. Moreover abusers of steroids can become more violent and angry, aggressive in behavior. (Burns)
Unfortunately research has shown that steroids have been abused in almost every kind of sport including professional football, power lifting and bodybuilding.
World War I essay, term papers, research paper Essay, term paper research paper on World War I Steroids - The Truth about Steroids - Patrick Dixon Picture: National Institute of Drug Abuse Why steroids are so powerful and so dangerous if abused.
Anabolic steroids specifically assist athletes by facilitating endeavors to gain extra strength and also produce muscle mass for more muscular endurance, speed and power. For instance, Barry Bonds, a Major League Baseball outfielder started using steroids just after 1998, according to media reports. Although Bonds categorically denied such allegations but reports asserted that Bonds added 15p of solid muscle and increased his weight from 210 to 225 pounds. (Kroichick)
There are types of steroids called corticosteroids that have more medical uses to them and another type called anabolic-androgenic steroids that have a more limited medical use.
"Anabolic Steroids" are any drug(s) (other then estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) or hormonal substance(s), chemically related to testosterone, a male hormone that promotes muscle growth. Today, there are more than 100 varieties of anabolic steroids that have been developed, but only a limited number have been approved for human or veterinary use, and each of them are Schedule III and require a prescription in order to be used medically in the United States. Many of the illegal steroids are smuggled in from other countries, illegally diverted from U.S. pharmacies, or synthesized in secret laboratories. Estimates show that there are more than $400 million worth of black-market (illegal) sales of steroids per year . For the most part, illicit steroid use is linked to athletic competitions and/or an athlete trying to gain a competitive edge ; but, sports and athletic competitions are not the only place steroids are used. Outside of sports, they are used because someone wants to alter his or her physical appearance, usually based on distorted perceptions that he or she is obese, underweight, too weak, or other personal views. Over the years, the popularity of steroids has varied, but in 2001, it was found that about 2% of high school students used steroids in the past year.
The history of anabolic steroids can be traced back to as early as 1930's, before the term steroid was even used. In the 1930's, a team of scientists was able to create a synthetic form of testosterone (a male hormone) to help treat men who were unable to produce enough of the hormone for normal growth, development, and sexual functioning. Later, during World War II it was found that this artificial form of testosterone could be used to help malnourished soldiers gain weight and improve performance. After the war, athletes began to use steroids to enhance their performance in competitions. In the 1956 Olympics, Soviet athletes, especially wrestlers, performed at exceptionally high levels. After learning that those athletes were using testosterone, an American physician (Dr. Zeigler) created a more selective form of what we know as anabolic steroids. From that point until the early 1970's, steroids became increasingly popular among not just Olympic athletes, but also professional sports players and high school athletes. In 1975, the International Olympic Committee finally banned the use of steroids in Olympic competition. Black market (or illegal) sales continued to increase in the following years, and in 1988, the first major federal regulation of steroids was introduced as part of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act - stiffening penalties for the sale and possession of steroids. Only a couple of years later, Congress passed the Anabolic Steroid Enforcement Act of 1990, which placed certain anabolic steroids on Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Previously, steroids had been unscheduled and controlled only by state laws. Today, illicit sales of steroids are still prevalent and surveys show that adolescent use of steroids is on the rise and that a great number of adults are actively using .
One of the main effects of anabolic steroids is to increase the number of red and muscle tissue without producing much of the androgenic effects of testosterone.
Drugs generally referred to ‘steroids’ can be categorized as corticosteroids and anabolic. Corticosteroids are drugs that doctors usually prescribe for controlling inflammation in the human body. They are mostly used to help specific conditions like lupus and asthma. They are not similar to the anabolic steroids that attract a huge media attention because of their usage by some bodybuilders and athletes. Anabolic steroids referred to as synthetic hormones have the ability to boost the human body’s capability in producing muscles and preventing their breakdown. (Roberts 221-234)
There are two major ways that steroids can affect a person's body. Steroids can have androgenic effects, which include masculinizing effects like deepening of the voice, increased facial hair, and initial enlargement of some male sex glands. Steroids can also have anabolic effects that include increases in muscle mass, the size of some internal organs, and calcium in the bones.
Men - Even though anabolic steroids are derived from male sex hormones, men who choose to take them can experience some of the following effects: