The investigation then looks at some of the likely consequences of global warming, both in terms of the impact on the earth's climate and in terms of the impact on human health and well-being.
can you please write with reference to this thesis; While several view the impacts of global heating to be more considerable and more speedily happening than others do, the logical compromise on climatic vicissitudes associated to global warming is that the temperature of the Earth has ascended between 0.4 and 0.8 degree Celsius over the past ten decades…… 1. four sources annotated bibliography 2. complete working formal outline for the topic global warming please I will want to work with a specific writer since I will be placing more orders under this same topic which will be much more easier and good for my paper. Thank you.
Because the global climate system is so complex and interconnected across land, oceans, atmosphere, the cryosphere, and the biosphere, the process of making observations collected from around the world—even through Earth-orbiting satellites—into truly “global” data sets requires significant innovation and investment. Edwards identifies different types of “data friction” that affect the flows and transformations of data and information, not only technical bottlenecks and constraints but also challenges stemming from coordinating scientists and systems across different disciplines, countries, and cultures. He also examines the institutional and structural histories of national agencies, international organizations, and other stakeholders that have shaped the evolution of weather and climate science and observational systems, including the strong influence of war, the military, politics, and the emergence of global environmental institutions and awareness.
For anyone interested in global warming or more generally in climate or weather issues, A Vast Machine is well worth a careful read. It provides an unusually broad and long-term view of the development of climate science and associated climate data, models, and information infrastructure, supplemented by useful figures and very detailed notes and references. Edwards begins with helpful guidance on what chapters might be of strongest interest to some readers or too technical for others. For those more generally interested in science, science and technology policy, and data and information management issues, he offers a sprinkling of comparisons with analogous issues and pointers to relevant literature.
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THE MAJOR FACTORS CONNECTED WITH NATURAL CHANGES
It is known that the major factors connected with natural changes include different solar changes, such as the effects of solar irradiance and magnetic field effects, as well as ocean-atmosphere interactions, such as multi-decadal climatic oscillations and unforced internal variability and others (Paterson, 2011, p.1). It is found that the temperatures of the Earth depend on the changes that take place in the shape of orbit of the Earth around the Sun as well as the tilt of the Earth’s axis. The Sun is considered to be the only source of energy that is responsible for proper functioning of the climate system on the Earth. That is why any changes in the output of solar energy can cause global warming (Rosser, 2008, p.7).
Other scientific researches pay special attention to the role of the overriding effect of solar radiation on global warming. It is found that “solar irradiance is one of the possible agents for the medium-term variations in Arctic temperatures over the past 135 years” (Paterson, 2011, p. 2). Besides, the indirect effects of solar irradiance on the clouds result in some modulations of the direct warming of the earth. Moreover, the solar insolation effects influence the intensity of the magnetic field of the Earth and are connected with historic periods of global warming, including the Medieval (Paterson, 2011, p.2).
In A Vast Machine, Paul Edwards documents the evolution of a broad scientific field that began with the curiosity of a few 19th-century explorers and scholars and now spans a worldwide community of scientists, engineers, and other specialists working with huge quantities of data, immensely complex computer models, and many sophisticated instruments and measurement platforms. As a scholar in science and technology studies, Edwards provides historical context and insightful perspectives on how observations of Earth’s weather and climate have shaped scientific theories and models underpinning weather prediction and climate change—and how these in turn have dramatically affected our “knowledge infrastructure”: the ways in which environmental measurements are now made, analyzed, interpreted, and used both in science and in global debates about environmental policy. In particular, he elucidates what scientists often take for granted—that models and observational data together form an inseparable basis for scientific understanding and prediction—in the context of current policy debates that have often tried to characterize observational data as independent, immutable representations of “truth” and computer models as imperfect tools subject to scientific bias and error.
It is known that regulating global warming is a serious and responsible task. According to the U.S. Supreme Court decision, “greenhouse gases met the definition of an air pollutant in the Clean Air Act”. In 2008, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) which clearly explains how the Clean Air Act applies to regulating emissions of greenhouse gases that are the major factors contributing to global warming (Berg, 2008, p.1). That is why the regulations to reduce emissions play an important role in finding solutions to the problem. In order to control global warming on our planet, it is necessary to make some changes in the life of all people that will help to save environment, to reduce pollution and to control global warming on the Earth. It is very effective in this situation to use the renewable sources of energy. Today a group of scientists that form the IPCC, or Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has the major goal – to control global warming on our planet. The IPCC organizes regular meetings where the scientists discuss the latest scientific finding concerning global warming (Maslin, 2008, p.61).
Climate change includes any change resulting from different factors, like deforestation or an increase in greenhouse gases. Global warming is one type of climate change, and it refers to the increasing temperature of the surface of Earth. According to NASA, the term global warming gained popular use after geochemist Wallace Broecker published a 1975 paper titled Climatic Change: Are We on the Brink of a Pronounced Global Warming?
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