This funding opportunity announcement (FOA), issued by the NIH Basic Behavioral & Social Science Opportunity Network (), invites applications for short-term mentored career enhancement (K18) awards in basic behavioral and social sciences research (b-BSSR). This funding mechanism will support development of research capability in b-BSSR, with specific emphasis on cross-training and establishing collaborations between researchers with expertise in animal models of basic behavioral and social processes and those studying similar or related processes in human subjects. Basic research using any non-human species or with human subjects in laboratory- or field-based settings is appropriate for this FOA. Eligible candidates for this K18 will be either: (a) scientists conducting b-BSSR in animal models who seek training in the study of similar or related behavioral or social processes in humans; or (b) investigators conducting b-BSSR in human subjects who seek training in the study of similar or related processes in animal models. Candidates may be at any rank or level of research/academic development beyond three years of postdoctoral experience.
The topic on social issues should be investigated scrupulously, because the student should analyze the problem in detail to be able to draw the right conclusions and suggest the most appropriate solutions to the enumerated problems. One should explain the general meaning of the term social problems and then touch upon every issue evaluating its important and relevance. The student should prepare a complicated image of the complex of the social issues which exist on the planet and brainstorm interesting and effective methods which can improve the situation considerably. It is useful for the student to take advantage of critics and numerous articles on the definite issues to cover the topic entirely.
Offers three main arguments for legalization: 1) the supply of illegal drugs and the demand for them can never be stopped; 2) law enforcement and social service systems cannot cope with the problems of underground drug use; and 3) the social and medical costs of continuing the 'war on drugs' far outweighs the potential risks of legalizing and controlling drugs.
The essay concludes that rapists are a heterogeneous group and that while genetic/biological factors constitute a contributory factor in certain rape subcategories, the etiology of rape can best be conceptualized within a multi-factorial model which considers the varying contributions of biological, psychological, social, and cultural factors.
- Problems Facing Children in Foster Care research papers look at the issues associated with foster care such as brain development, and cognitive and social development.
The forms package associated with this FOA includes all applicable components, mandatory and optional. Please note that some components marked optional in the application package are required for submission of applications for this FOA. Follow the instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide to ensure you complete all appropriate “optional” components.
- Cornel West introduces the Race Matters of race in America in Race Matters as a social problem with many issues intertwined in a complex combination of black male rage, crisis in leadership and economic injustice.
- Here Comes the Groom research papers look at an article written by Andrew Sullivan stating that society should allow gay marriages instead of using the term “domestic partnership”.
Poverty, employment rates, discrimination, and other social problems strike African Americans in such a way that it is nearly impossible to separate them; each individual has different background, socially and physically, that would determine in which order his or her social problems need to be solved.
In Charlotte Brontë’s novel, Jane Eyre, the protagonist deals with the issues of social class during her childhood, her first employment, her time at Moor house and Morton, and when she is reunited with Rochester.
Drawing on established theory and recent research, the essay examines the components of individual disability and the interaction between the individual's psychology of disability and social and environmental mediators.
When we ask why social problems such as poverty, unemployment, crime, and war exist, each time we determine a cause, we can ask "why" again, as children often do until they are hushed.
Following an overview of some of the issues of legal and illegal immigration and the distinction between immigrants and refugees, the essay explores issues of acculturation and assimilation among the immigrant/refugee women as they struggle to settle in their new homelands.
The use of animal models to understand and predict human behavior and the environmental or social factors affecting behavior, provides several distinct advantages over human subjects approaches. These include tighter control of experimental subjects and their environments, the use of invasive techniques to study otherwise inaccessible tissues and test mechanistic hypotheses, and shorter life-spans that allow for longitudinal and intergenerational studies, among others. While these approaches have provided valuable information, failures of “translatability” or “generalizability” are many. Challenges to translation from animal findings to the human condition may be due to species differences, the use of artificial versus naturalistic environments, lack of cross-validation of behavioral/social phenomena between human and non-human organisms, non-equivalence of metrics and measurement systems, and the difficulty of modeling complex human processes (e.g., decision-making, self-regulation, empathy, transmission of behaviors among individuals, social adversity, population dynamics, and vocal communication). Additional complexity arises because behavioral and social processes occur in dynamic environments that are influenced by physical, social and developmental contexts – factors not often taken into account in studies using animal models.
David Henry Hwang wrote “a play about Western imperialism and Eastern deception”. Hwang takes a true story of spying and astonishing sexual misidentification and transforms it into a complex dealing of cultural, social, racial, political, and sexual issues that has surprised his audience with its extraordinary beauty.