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Paper Terms | Glossary | Neenah Paper

Developments in society provided the boost for paper to become a more refined product and in fact demand rose continuously.The founding of universities led to a need for books. Flax cultivation became widespread and the first crank mechanism applied to a dynamic wheel, to pass from a continuous to an alternating motion, was produced in Biella. In 1300 Fabriano was already exporting to countries throughout Europe. It had the best quality paper because a multiple hammer mill was used to prepare pulp; brass wire was used to produce a tightly woven net on which pulp was loaded; furthermore, animal size replaced starch and other vegetable sizes which gave paper a greater bulk and improved water resistance. In addition, the Fabriano paper mill invented the watermark, which soon became the way of identifying the production mill, its owner, and the product's size and quality.

Paper, a thin, felt-like material made of cellulosic fibers from plants, is widely used around the world for writing, drawing, and wrapping. The English word paper derives from the similar material used by ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans: papyrus.

Paper glossary helps define paper industry terminology

Chlorine and its compounds were commonly used to bleach fibers

This has been mostly eliminated.

Three kinds of paper were produced: writing paper, printing paper (mostly unsized), and cheap wrapping paper, also used for drafts. Printing paper caused the evolution of the graphic arts (woodcut; engravings). Work at the vat normally involved four people: the vatman, who made the sheet using the mold; the couchman, who worked in time with the vatman, placing the sheet on the felt; the layman, who removed the moist sheets from the felt after pressing; and the apprentice, who had to feed pulp to the vat and keep the vat heated. Up to nine reams (4,500 sheets) of paper could be made during a working day averaging 13 to 15 hours.

Once it had been written on each end of the strip papyrus was attached to a rod, rolled tightly and enclosed in a sheath of skin or fabric. This marked the birth of the Volumen.
It was Alexander the Great who brought papyrus to Greece and from there it spread to Sicily and Italy. But the damper climate in these areas meant that sheets deteriorated rapidly.
The name "papyrus", which in Egypt is derived from "p-pr-O" and means "that of the king", who had the monopoly of this material, has left traces in many languages, for instance, "paper" (English), "papier" (French), "Papier" (German), "papel" (Spanish).

Mulberry Paper and More - Imported Decorative Art Paper

It is has a smooth surface suitable for printing and writing on. It is a very economical purchase - you can cut nine A5 size cards from a single sheet of our paper.

Grades of Paper - Pulp and Paper Resources on the Web

The first series come with a theme of Flora and Plant. The thinner paper 20gsm, 47cm x 64cm size, gives rich transparent effect from the watermark and possibly suitable for the use of gorgeous gift wrapping and covering.

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