Anthony Trial (1873); the Sacco and Vanzetti Trial (1921); Clinton Impeachment Trial (1999); Moussaoui 9/11 Trial (2006); and the Black Sox Trial (1921).
These items consist of holograph letters, copies of letters and clippings, reprints, oversize items, and one microfilm of Sacco and Vanzetti material from the Hapgood Papers at the Lilly Library at Indiana University, Bloomington.
.while Edmund Wilson coolly observed that the Sacco-Vanzetti case
revealed the whole anatomy of American life with all its classes, professions, and points of view and all their relations, and it raised almost every fundamental question of our political and social system.
It only fueled controversy over the fate of the twomen, and Harvard, because of Lowell's role, became stigmatized, in thewords of one of its alumni, as "Hangman's House." "Not every wop has theswitch to the electric chair thrown by the president of Harvard."Sacco and Vanzetti were executed on August 23, 1927, a date that becamea watershed in twentieth-century American history.
Earlier opinion almost unanimously felt that the two men were innocentand had been unjustly executed, but later revisionist points of viewemerged: some totally, if implausibly, defending the verdict as correct;others more plausibly arguing that, based on new ballistics tests andwords by Carlo Tresca and Fred Moore, Sacco was guilty, Vanzettiinnocent.
Clipping: "Sacco and Vanzetti Denied New Hearing" Boston Sunday Post (clipping is extremely fragile) December 25, 1921
Date: December 25, 1921
As in all great political trials, the figures ofSacco and Vanzetti have been transformed into passionate symbols, symbolsthat are often rather understood.
Surprisingly, although the Sacco-Vanzetti case is considered thepolitical case par excellence, few accounts have taken the politics ofthe two men--their anarchism--very seriously and fewer still areknowledgeable about it.
Ranged against the defendersof Sacco and Vanzetti were conservatives and patriots who wanted todefend the honor of American justice and to uphold law and order.
Throughout America liberals and well-meaningpeople of every sort, troubled and outraged by the injustice of the legalprocess, joined the more politically radical anarchists, socialists, andcommunists in protesting the verdict against Sacco and Vanzetti.
Sacco and Vanzetti: Hearing on motion for termination of time in which defendants may file affidavits in support of motion for new trial based on alleged confession Celestino Madeiros 1926
His manner of utilizing mass media was quite modern and effective, butit required enormous sums of money, which he spent too freely in the eyesof many of the anarchist comrades of Sacco and Vanzetti, who had to raisemost of it painstakingly from working people, twenty-five and fifty centsat a time.
After a hard-fought trial of six weeks, during which the themes ofpatriotism and radicalism were often sharply contrasted by theprosecution and the defense, the jury found Sacco and Vanzetti guilty ofrobbery and murder on July 14,1921.
Much to the chagrin of some anarchist comrades,Moore would even enlist the aid of the Italian government in the defenseof Sacco and Vanzetti, who were still, nominally at least, Italiancitizens.
Moore would try to expose the prosecution's hidden motive: its desire toaid the federal and military authorities in suppressing the Italiananarchist movement to which Sacco and Vanzetti belonged.