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Regional Integration for and Against Articles

GHANA, September 18, 2017.- Cuban Ambassador, Pedro Luis Despaigne González, was received at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration of Ghana by the Ambassador Albert Francis Yankey, recently appointed Director General of that Ministry.



The Cuban Ambassador updated his interlocutor on the effects over Cuba of the Hurricane Irma, while the Director General expressed Ghana´s sympathy with the government and the Cuban people.



The Chief Director, reaffirmed Ghana's historic position in the fight against the blockade, noted the commitment of his Ministry to work on strengthening diplomatic relations and increasing cooperation in the economic sphere with Cuba, mainly in food production and the fight against malaria.



For his part, the Cuban Ambassador emphasized Cuba's historic commitment to Africa and with Ghana in particular, highlighting its country's willingness to further strengthen bilateral ties, as well as to expand cooperation towards new sectors.



On the Ghana side, the meeting was attended by Mr. Aikins Abrodwa, Deputy Director of the Bureau of the Americas, the Director of the Bureau of Investment and Trade and other officials. The Cuban Ambassador was accompanied by the First Secretary, Julio César Sánchez. (Cubaminrex-Embacuba Ghana)

The role of integration initiatives in bringing about just economic order for a world characterized by inequalities partly comes from the power of unity as negotiating blocks in multilateral negotiations. Theoretically speaking, the 1970s movement for a more just economic order has created a better economic order. However, negotiations for a more just world, specifically speaking the third-world states’ role in setting agenda for cotton negotiations in Doha round, show that the struggle for party of participation is consequently pursued by African states. Nevertheless, issues of just global economic governance can also be raised in relation to Europe-Africa trade relations and possible claims of the European role in disintegrating Africa. Therefore, if ongoing Economic Partnership Agreements (“EPA”) negotiations are a disintegrating factor for southern African integration initiatives, then oppression will result both in terms of global governance and individual emancipation projects. Although EPA negotiations and possible disintegration might have been countered by the tripartite negotiations, theoretically, disintegration should mean oppression. In reality, however, this author understands that regional disintegration is oppression, only in the sense that it does not give citizens an adequate forum to plea their grievances against their home state. This lack of forum or regional guarantor of emancipation can also happen when community institutions tolerate or favor oppressive behavior of states over the rights of oppressed citizens. Consequently, any disintegration that might result because of EPA’s disrupts the continental emancipation project, in the sense that it freezes the role of community institutions as guarantors of emancipation for the individual.

Topic: Regional Integration For and Against Articles

Regional Integration for and Against Articles - Term Paper

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Although the issue of the composition of Sub-Sahara Africanregional groupings has been highlighted here, the EU-ACP negotiations raise manyof the issues pertinent to regional integration among developing countriesraised in this paper (see also Bilal and Van Hove, 2002). These include whethertrade diversion will dominate trade creation, the loss of fiscal revenues fromthe abolition of customs duties, the limited capacity in most ACP countries toconduct parallel sets of trade negotiations, and how to provide for sufficientscope for flexibility, special and differential treatment and asymmetry whileensuring that the agreements reached remain WTO-compatible. The fact that theinterpretation of Article XXIV itself is under discussion in the DohaDevelopment Round makes the legal context of the EPA negotiations all the morecomplicated.

This paper addresses two related puzzles confronting students of regional and international integration: Why do states willingly pool and delegate sovereignty within international institutions? What accounts for the timing and content of regional integration agreements? Most theories of integration suggest that states integrate in order to solve problems of incomplete information and reduce transaction costs and other barriers to economic growth. In contrast, I argue that integration can serve to establish a credible commitment that rules out the risk of future conflict among states of unequal power. Specifically, I suggest that integration presents an alternative to preventive war as a means to preclude a rising revisionist power from establishing a regional hegemony. The implication is that it is not countries that enjoy stable and peaceful relations that are most likely to pursue integration, but rather countries that find themselves caught in a regional security dilemma, which they hope to break out of by means of institutionalized cooperation. I evaluate this proposition against evidence from two historical cases of regional integration: the German Zollverein and the European Communities.

Regional Integration for and Against Articles

Subject: Economics
Select a region and choose a trading bloc (NAFTA, EU, ASEAN, etc.) within that region. Write two articles, one article in favor of regional integration and another article against regional integration (you may submit both articles in a single paper). Describe the advantages and disadvantages of regional integration and relate the stage of economic development of the economically integrated region to potential business opportunities.
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Regional Integration for and Against Articles - Research Paper ..

In postcolonial Africa, the integration project stemmed from a historical context of the Pan-Africanist movement. The Pan-Africanist movement sought integration, not for conventional justifications given as in the case of the European Union, but for emancipatory movements against racial domination and neo-colonization. Today, with the end of Apartheid, one wonders what drives Africa’s integration. No doubt, conventional justifications, political and economic benefits of integration, are legitimate causes for integration in the continent. Yet, the existent “statistical tragedy” of the continent has led to dubious results on whether economic benefits can be a drive for Africa’s integration. Moreover, Kantian theory of perpetual peace, as a justification for Africa’s integration initiatives remains controversial. Similarly, when legal scholars assume the positive outcomes of integration initiatives and focus on intra-disciplinary inquisition, they limit integration studies and theorizing. Therefore, this Article theorizes the conceptual understanding of regional integration by bridging a gap across disciplines, and making a case for the conceptualization of integration as emancipation.

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Extract of sample Regional Integration for and Against Articles


Regional Integration for and Against Articles Essay - …

Subject: Economics
Select a region and choose a trading bloc (NAFTA, EU, ASEAN, etc.) within that region. Write two articles, one article in favor of regional integration and another article against regional integration (you may submit both articles in a single paper). Describe the advantages and disadvantages of regional integration and relate the stage of economic development of the economically integrated region to potential business opportunities.

ASEAN Regional Integration for and Against Articles ..

This chapter considers the experience of regional integrationschemes in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Regionalism in Africa has always had astrong political motive. “Pan-Africanism, as an expression of continentalidentity and coherence, distinguishes regional integration in Africa from otherregions in the developing world” (McCarthy, 1995, p. 14). But the economicarguments for regional co-operation are also particularly strong given the smallsize of many SSA countries in economic terms. Furthermore, most Africancountries remain highly dependent on agriculture and suffer from high levels offood insecurity. In these circumstances, one would expect African regionalintegration schemes to be most focused on exploiting whatever synergies mayexist to promote food security. Despite the force of these arguments, virtuallyall regional integration efforts in SSA to date have failed. The reasons for thelack of success in the past and whether the current momentum for new regionalinitiatives addresses these problems are discussed in this chapter.

MGT 448 Regional Integration For and Against Articles

“Consensus of non-enforcement” is an adventitious outcome of both internal and external politics of southern African countries. As such, uncertainty is a central attribute of “consensus of non-enforcement,” both in terms of outcomes of disputes and in terms of the life span of extant consensus. Shifts in internal and external political relations can easily influence paradigms of integration schemes. Furthermore, the probability of punctilious enforcement of regional treaty obligations is historically non-existent among southern African states. Internal politics, such as Botswana’s problems with the Sun people, affects the way Botswana will react to human rights violations in southern African region. Hypothetically, Botswana might issue formal statements condemning human rights violations of another southern African state, but for it to take legal action in the SADC Tribunal means that it is ignoring its vulnerability to similar action by other states. Therefore, internal politics among southern African countries plays a vital role in creating a consensus of non-enforcement in the region and a move from meticulous enforcement of treaty obligations. Similarly, external politics or political relations among southern African countries, rooted in deep history of resistance against colonial and racial domination created a sense of solidarity among them. In conclusion, a combination of both internal and external politics led to secession from formalistic treaty relations in southern African integration initiatives.

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