Serious popular magazines occasionally have articles by authorities, interviews (even can be an acceptable source at times; President Jimmy Carter got into political hot water over an interview there), or summaries of current topics of interest. Acceptability depends on how reputable the authors are and how thoroughly the publication checks its facts.
Last Name, Initials. (Date of Publication). Title of the Book. Place of Publication:
NOTE: Every reference must use a hanging indent like the above example.
A real example follows:
However, when you do a search on, say, Google, the address that comes up will be a long string of gobbledygook. That's a temporary search identifier created by Google and no two people will get that address. Also you have no guarantee that anyone who uses it will get through. You will have to obtain the actual URL of the site you're referring to and cite that. For example, I found a link to this page using > but the correct URL is >.
If you include the author's name(s) in the text of a sentence in the paper, you may omit their names from the parentheses as follows: "Austin (1996) includes valuable references to ...." or "The examples given by Li and Crane (1993) on web addresses ...".
Post-Web babies have no idea how tedious searching was before on-line bibliographies came along. I know this sounds like "walking ten miles through the snow to school," but it's true.
Why? For the most part, they are not original sources. So why do we have encyclopedias and textbooks? To provide an overview or introduction to a topic for complete beginners. These are meant to get you started on a subject; they are not research documents. If you want to document a point in a textbook or encyclopedia article, locate the original source for the idea. Start with the sources cited by the textbook or encyclopedia. I have written of encyclopedia articles, and I strive to do the most accurate job possible, but I know the limitations of encyclopedias from all angles.
You may wonder whether to use a bibliography, reference list, or a works-cited page in your paper--and you may even have wondered whether there is really a difference.
Although your professor may have his or her own ideas (and you should use your professor's preferences as your first guide) "" pages are generally used when in an paper, though you may call it a "Works Consulted" list if you are required to name the things you cited and the sources you used as background information.
The term "bibliography" can mean a few things. In a single paper, it is all of the sources you have consulted to become informed about your topic (in contrast to listing only the sources you actually cite). As a generic term, bibliography can also refer to a very big list of recommended sources on a particular topic. Bibliographies might even be required as an additional page of information, after the reference list.
Not the way most people do. Most of what is on the Internet is the electronic equivalent of the other print sources listed and therefore not acceptable as a college reference. Also it's unregulated and there is no quality control. You can only use the Internet if it's the equivalent of other acceptable sources.
If the medium itself is the subject of your paper: for example, how textbooks have treated gender roles over time, or how dictionaries have defined controversial terms, or how popular magazines have treated AIDS. If your subject is children's literature, might be an acceptable reference.
If the topic is a fast-moving one where most of the information has flowed through the news media, newspapers may be acceptable. However, for subjects like AIDS, Comet Hale-Bopp, or the Space Shuttle, where the quantity of published information is huge, newspapers are not acceptable.
Harvard formatting requires a very specific title page. About halfway down the page is the title of the paper, in all capital letters. Following this (about three lines down) is the name of the author. This is not in capital letters. Move four lines down and then put the name of the class, and, on the line after that, the name of the professor. Next line is the name of the school, then the city and state where it is located, and, finally the date. Here is an example of a cover page in Harvard format:
The Harvard style of citation is coincidentally known as the “author-date” style, because it is the author and the date of publication that are presented in parentheses. This style is similar to APA and eliminates the need for page number in-text references. It is somewhat simpler than APA and MLA and is usually used for smaller papers.