- Analytical thinking research papers look into the skill used to analyze a situation, identify a problem quickly and offer a solution based on reason.
The leaders have been judged by history from their successful in problem solving and many times the rests of contributions have been minimized or maximized in function of their success in problem solving.
Further, this paper will provide a critique to the solution of the case study problem which will include three distinct errors made in the problem solving phase....
- Creativity and Problem Solving Research Paper looks at a sample of an order placed on how different researchers and theorists viewed problem solving and creativity.
Based on Newell and Simon’s (1972) description of the problem space, we can describe problem solving as a search for the set of operations that moves a person most efficiently from the initial state to the goal state. The search for the set of operations is the heart of problem solving. When a problem is well defined, the problem space is identified clearly and the search for the best set of operations is easy. However, many of the problems we solve are ill defined; we do not recognize or retrieve from memory the initial state, goal state, or the set of operations. Ill-defined problems pose a challenge to the search for the set of operations. Several methods of selecting operators that researchers have proposed include conducting an exhaustive search or using various problem-solving heuristics.
Teachers often provide strong rationale for not including problem solving activities is school mathematics instruction. These include arguments that problem solving is too difficult, problem solving takes too much time, the school curriculum is very full and there is no room for problem solving, problem solving will not be measured and tested, mathematics is sequential and students must master facts, procedures, and algorithms, appropriate mathematics problems are not available, problem solving is not in the textbooks, and basic facts must be mastered through drill and practice before attempting the use of problem solving. We should note, however, that the student benefits from incorporating problem solving into the mathematics curriculum as discussed above outweigh this line of reasoning. Also we should caution against claiming an emphasize on problem solving when in fact the emphasis is on routine exercises. From various studies involving problem solving instruction, Suydam (44) concluded:
Since my first year of teaching (1994), I have always turned to the as my essential skill set--Task Definition, Information Seeking Strategies, Location and Access, Use of Information, Synthesis, and Evaluation. While the field of "inquiry" or "research" processes include more complicated approaches, the Big6 stages are focused on what students can do, empowering them to become responsible for working through any problem--academic, practical, or culinary! The Big6 has become my habit for approaching daily tasks and personal decisions. In 2016, it is all the more important to be an information problem solving expert! Information overload, fake news, technical information, complex problems all make it critical that students have a clear understanding of how to work through issues and tasks.
Problem solving as a method of teaching may be used to accomplish the instructional goals of learning basic facts, concepts, and procedures, as well as goals for problem solving within problem contexts. For example, if students investigate the areas of all triangles having a fixed perimeter of 60 units, the problem solving activities should provide ample practice in computational skills and use of formulas and procedures, as well as opportunities for the conceptual development of the relationships between area and perimeter. The "problem" might be to find the triangle with the most area, the areas of triangles with integer sides, or a triangle with area numerically equal to the perimeter. Thus problem solving as a method of teaching can be used to introduce concepts through lessons involving exploration and discovery. The creation of an algorithm, and its refinement, is also a complex problem solving task which can be accomplished through the problem approach to teaching. Open ended problem solving often uses problem contexts, where a sequence of related problems might be explored. For example, the problems in the investigations in the insert evolved from considering gardens of different shapes that could be enclosed with 100 yards of fencing:
Students who aren't asked to practice collaboration, communication, and problem solving skills will be challenged to use them when work and life present unexpected or complicated sabotages. Students need to have the resources, digital tools, and rich learning environments from the outset in order to build a platform they can operate from for strategic, nimble, creative, and productive solutions to life's challenges. Students need to be given opportunities where pride in their own accomplishment becomes the greatest motivator to engage and learn.
Covington, M. V. (1987). Instruction in problem solving and planning. In S. L. Friedman, E. K. Scholnick, & R. R. Cocking (Eds.). Blueprints for thinking: The role of planning in cognitive development (pp. 469-511). London: Cambridge University Press.
Basadur, M. S., Graen, G. B. & Green, S. G. (1982). Training in creative problem solving: Effects on ideation and problem finding in an industrial research organization. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 30, 41-70.