uotation marks are probably the most incorrectly used element of punctuation; students are often confused about when to use single or a double quote, how to use quotation marks to express irony, whether or not it is Ok to use quotes to identify a new term, and how to use quotation marks with direct quotes. The rules governing the use of quotation marks are specific; however, students don't usually sit down and read about how to use quotation marks properly. So good for you, for being here! In this module, students will learn the rules governing the use of quotation marks in the situations outlined below:
When the quoted material is longer than four lines of your own text, it must be offset and indented (the way the examples on this page are offset and indented); however, do not use quotation marks with an offset quote as the offsetting substitutes for the punctuation. Quotes within the quote still take punctuation marks, however. If you are writing an essay in MLA format, the quote should be double-spaced (in MLA format, double-spacing is maintained throughout the essay).
This means that grammar is only one of a number of factors determining your grade. Still, too many errors in grammar, punctuation, and style will lose you marks. This guide describes the ways to avoid the most common errors.
A wise writer once said, "If you take hyphens seriously you will surely go mad." Hyphens belong to that category of punctuation marks that will hurt your brain if you think about them too hard, and, like commas, people disagree about their use in certain situations. Nevertheless, if you learn to use hyphens properly, they help you to write efficiently and concretely, and you will have to use them regularly because of the nature of technical writing. Because concepts in science and engineering frequently rely on word blends and complex word relationships, the best writers in these fields master the use of the hyphen.
The third step, on the other hand, involves assistance from someone else, which often poses certain complications. With the course of my career as a writer, it becomes ever harder for me to find someone to proofread my paper. There are two reasons for that. The first one is that more and more of my professional acquaintances have everything great with their lives - both in terms of career and otherwise. They are often too busy to proofread my paper. The second reason is that I want someone qualified to proofread my paper. My demands as to how they proofread my paper grow together with my expertise in writing.
It is true that commas are sometimes optional, depending on sentence meaning and the writer’s taste, and many writers choose not to put a comma before the "and" in a series (also known as the "serial comma") involving a parallel list of words. For example, some would write the sentence "I am industrious, resourceful and loyal," using no comma before the "and." This practice is fine as long as you are consistent in applying it. However, I, and the grammar handbooks I consult, recommend a comma even in these circumstances, because—even in the example provided—there is a slight pitch and meaning change between the terms "resourceful" and "loyal."
Such a program can also be called an essay rater, a paper rater, a paper grader, polishmywriting, etc. It employs computational linguistics combined with statistical analysis of good examples of essays and other writings. Based off of that, it will proofread my essay for spelling, grammatical and other errors. Moreover, I get valuable suggestions in terms of style and choice of words, based on the ways the words and grammatical structures are used in good examples, and not on someone else’s subjective assumptions.
Though a seemingly trivial punctuation mark, the period does present some knotty challenges, especially in technical writing. We all know to place a period to signal the termination of a simple sentence that makes a statement. However, here are a few more specialized rules:
So work on the little things. Seek to understand punctuation marks as units affecting grammar and meaning, and accept proper spelling, capitalization, and mechanics as professional necessities. This chapter will help you to do so without immersing you into a grammatical swamp.
Some students who have motor, visual or learning difficulties which affect their ability to write may be unable to record their responses to examination questions in the standard manner using pencil and paper. These students may require the use of aids to be able to participate in assessments on an equal basis with other students. Whenever appropriate, enabling students to be as independent as possible through the use of equipment and assistive technology such as computers, word processors, communication boards, adaptive writing instruments and tape recorders should be considered. Use of these aids allows students with disabilities more control over their environment; fosters independence; and is less labor-intensive and artificial than using a scribe. It is important that students have the necessary skills, instruction, and experience in the use of these aids or other equipment. When this is not appropriate for students, it may be determined that students need to dictate their answers to a scribe.