We recruited men and postmenopausal women with a body-mass index (BMI, the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters) between 27 and 40 by means of newspaper advertisement. Smokers, persons with clinically significant illness, including diabetes, and those taking medications known to affect body weight were excluded. The study was approved by the Austin Health Human Research Ethics Committee, and all participants provided written informed consent.
Further research is required to assess the feasibility, desirability and cost-effectiveness of circumcision to reduce the acquisition of HIV. This paper endorses the need for such research and suggests that, in its absence, it is premature to promote circumcision as a reliable strategy for combating HIV. Since articles in leading medical journals as well as the popular press continue to do so, scientific researchers should think carefully about how their conclusions may be translated both to policy makers and to a more general audience. The importance of addressing ethico-legal concerns that such trials may raise is highlighted. The understandable haste to find a solution to the HIV pandemic means that the promise offered by preliminary and specific research studies may be overstated. This may mean that ethical concerns are marginalized. Such haste may also obscure the need to be attentive to local cultural sensitivities, which vary from one African region to another, in formulating policy concerning circumcision.
This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is designed to improve the quality and quantity of research related to emergency medical services for children (EMSC), with the goal of reducing morbidity and mortality in children through improved care delivery. This FOA invites the submission of innovative R21 applications dealing with exploratory and developmental aspects of research included under the term EMSC: prevention research to reduce the need for emergency care; clinical research to ensure that children receive high-quality and appropriate medical, nursing and mental health care in an emergency; health systems research, from pre-hospital care, to the emergency department, to in-patient care and return to the community; models to improve service and cost efficiency in pediatric emergency care; and methodological studies to improve the quality of research conducted.
If you have a research paper to write on medical sociology, you may not have a clue as to what issue to investigate, let alone know how to find a real winner of a topic! Well, hopefully I can be of some help.