The Philippine paper industry seeks to attain the capability to serve all major pulp and paper requirements of the country and develop high-value and quality pulp and paper products in the long-term, in a manner that is internationally competitive and environmentally-sustainable.
Its goals are:
- To improve the country’s wastepaper recovery and recycling rate;
- To upgrade the levels of manufacturing technologies and environmental performance of local paper mills;
- To establish local sources of pulp, based on sustainably-managed tree plantations and non-wood fibers from agricultural wastes and annual crops; and
- To enable the local mills in achieving economic competitiveness and thus, contribute to poverty alleviation and national development.
The pulp and paper industry contributes about P30 billion per year in domestic sales value to the economy, or saves the country $700 million per year in foreign exchange from imported paper and board. As of 2012, the local paper industry directly employs about 6,000 personnel, mostly skilled workers and technical professionals, and contribute value to the economy by sustaining the livelihood opportunities of about 1.2 million workers in the wastepaper collection, sorting, and hauling sub-sectors.
Forests and forest products have been connected to violent social conflicts. In some case, conflicts arise when a government grants logging companies access to lands that have been occupied by local communities. In other cases, revenue from timber sales or concessions is used to finance the purchase of weapons and fuel armed conflicts. Although the practice is less common now, timber harvested and sold for this purpose has been termed “conflict timber” (Thomson and Kanaan, 2003). In some cases, loggers assist in trafficking arms and other goods. Additionally, forests are used as battlegrounds and place of refuge for armed groups, especially in remote areas beyond the control of the government (Schroeder-Wildberg et al., 2005). Timber linked to funding violent conflicts can enter supply chains without a designation of its point of origin.
The paper industry uses both fresh and recovered fibers as raw materials. Fresh fibers, or wood, are sourced from natural forests and tree plantations. Fresh material is broken down into wood chips and converted to pulp in mechanical or chemical processes. Fiber can also be recovered as by-products in industrial processes or after consumer use. By-products, known as post-industrial, pre-consumer materials, include sawmill residue, residue from the making of wood pulp, and trees that are too small or crooked to be cut into lumber. Post-consumer materials are collected from end consumers after paper-based products are discarded. For an overview of terms and concepts used in this chapter, see also Box 17
The company is committed to “work with governments, conservation organizations and others to ensure that procurement practices strengthen efforts to thwart illegal logging.” The policy covers all wood-based raw materials for all of the company’s mills worldwide and products for resale. Within the U.S. and Canada, Weyerhaeuser operations are in conformance with the Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) standard. For sourcing, Weyerhaeuser’s SFI certified facilities will adhere to the SFI procurement principles and objectives. The company will take steps to ensure that their raw materials and products for distribution either originate in countries with effective laws against illegal logging, or are independently certified or verified under credible and transparent safeguards. The safeguards might include environmental management systems if the risk of illegal logging is significant. The company may work with suppliers that demonstrate the ability to come in compliance with the Weyerhaeuser policy within an agreed-upon timeframe.
December 9, 1918
Schools had reopened December 2. Vacations were to be shortened to make up for lost time, depending on how students fared in testing following weeks of home study. High school students needed to keep up on Latin, shorthand and penmanship lessons among others. Attendance was down, teachers were sending pupils home at the first indication of a cold and some parents were keeping their students out. An indication of the situation was that the High School reported 12 absences.
Two more flu deaths were noted, this time the news returning to the front page. Mrs. Kathryn C. Silsby and Mrs. Orle Mayfield.
Coverage of the outbreak by this point was intermittent in the paper. The suggests that the virus may have mutated again to a less lethal strain some time in the winter. Across the United States about 28% came down with the flu and 500,000 to 675,000 died. Worldwide the disease may have killed as many as a million people a week for the first 25 weeks.
If anyone comes across definitive numbers for the county please post a comment. The has a collection of influenza stories.
Wallace Stegner writes about the effects of Spanish Influenza in his semi-autobiographical novel “The Big Rock Candy Mountain.”
Chet is left at home after his parents and brother were taken to the hospital.
Following an overview and definition of the concept of empowerment, the term paper reviews the literature on employee empowerment in the hospitality industry, looking at empowerment programs in both the lodging and the food and beverage industry.
In some cases competition laws may limit the amount of information that customer and supplier may exchange. In the US, for instance, a pulp mill owned by a company may buy chips from sawmills owned by one or more companies. All these companies may compete against each other to buy logs from landowners, and the information about their respective suppliers may be highly proprietary business information; sharing this information directly or through a common customer may be improper and perceived as anti-competitive.
Other states and jurisdictions have tried to craft laws thatwould permit legitimate nontraditional schools to operate whileeliminating degree mills. For instance, for many years Californiahad a law that stated that the main requirement for being authorizedby the state to grant degrees was ownership of $50,000 worth ofreal property. That law was apparently passed to eliminate low-budgetfly-by-night degree mills. But $50,000 ain't what it used to be,and from the 1960s through the early 1980s, dozens of shady operatorsdeclared that their home or their book collection was worth $50,000and proceeded to sell degrees with wild abandon.
Japan in the near term and North America may witness marginal or negative growth.
Asia Pacific and Latin America will dominate growth in newspaper publishers with higher-growth, large scale markets in India (CAGR 7.5 per cent) and China (CAGR 8.3 per cent), which are the most notable countries demand for news content among growing urban population and increasingly prosperous, educated and engaged citizens.
The country’s recent strong economic performance has pushed a steady rise in demand for packaging materials such as corrugating container boards and carton boards, which can be traced to the increasing export sales of electronics, fresh fruits, garments, handicrafts and furniture. Strong growth is also seen in the domestic market, coming from the demand for packaging processed foods, appliances and other consumer goods, as well as consumption of tissue, publishing and printing paper. This strong demand is driven by improved standards of living, higher disposable income, rise in education, tourism, and increased manufacturing activities in the Philippines.
Many diploma mills are located within the U.S.; in states like Wyoming, Mississippi, and Alabama. Fraud laws and higher education regulations are so flimsy in these areas that unaccredited and low-quality colleges and universities may flourish.