A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations.
For close to sixty years Kate L Turabian s Manual for Writers has offered comprehensive and detailed guidance to authors of research papers--term papers,�.
Kate Turabian was born in 1893, and worked as a dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago. Turabian serves as another instance of greatness in writing coming out of Chicago. She later authored the Student’s Guide for Writing College Papers, which made a name for her in higher education.
Turabian Style was developed especially for students by Kate Turabian, the woman who worked for many years as the dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago. This style is a sub-style of sorts that is based on the of writing.
Why would Kate Turabian take it upon herself to come up with a special system? In short, to help students. The Chicago Style is a standard that is used for formatting scholarly books. Turabian knew that most students are concerned with writing papers, so she narrowed the focus and refined the rules specifically for paper writing.
The style basically omits some of the information that is relevant for publishing, but Turabian Style does depart in some other ways from Chicago Style.
Turabian Style allows writers to choose from two systems of citing information. You will choose one or the other. Never try to mix these methods!
Generally, the feature that sets Turabian Style apart from MLA is the use of endnotes or footnotes, so this is most likely the style that most instructors will expect to see in your paper. This means, if a teacher instructs you to use Turabian Style and does not specify which citation system to use, it’s probably best to go with notes and bibliography style.
Aside from the use of notes versus parenthetical references in the text, the two systems share a similar style. Click on the tabs below to see some common examples of materials cited in each style. For a more detailed description of the styles and numerous specific examples, see chapters 16 and 17 of the 8th edition of Turabian for bibliography style and chapters 18 and 19 for author-date style. If you are uncertain which style to use in a paper, consult your instructor.
Check with the instructor who assigned your paper to determine whether you need to use notes or whether you can cite sources parenthetically in the body of your paper with a reference list at the end. These pages explain the Chicago/Turabian NOTE system.
The following examples illustrate citations using notes-bibliography style. Examples of notes are followed by shortened versions of citations to the same source. For more details and many more examples, see chapters 16 and 17 of Turabian. For examples of the same citations using the author-date system, click on the Author-Date tab above.
Chapter 14 offers more than two dozen sample pages illustrating ways of formatting some of the complex features found in many research papers.
Authoritative, comprehensive, easy to use, and filled with good sense, this new edition will be the standard for yet another generation of students and their teachers.
Kate Turabian (1893-1987) was dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago from 1930 to 1958.
The following examples illustrate citations using author-date style. Each example of a reference list entry is accompanied by an example of a corresponding parenthetical citation in the text. For more details and many more examples, see chapters 18 and 19 of Turabian. For examples of the same citations using the notes-bibliography system, click on the Notes-Bibliography tab above.
Kate L. Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations presents two basic documentation systems: notes-bibliography style (or simply bibliography style) and author-date style (sometimes called reference list style). These styles are essentially the same as those presented in The Chicago Manual of Style, seventeenth edition, with slight modifications for the needs of student writers.
Now, with this seventh edition, Turabian’s Manual has undergone its most extensive revision, ensuring that it will remain the most valuable handbook for writers at every level—from first-year undergraduates, to dissertation writers apprehensively submitting final manuscripts, to senior scholars who may be old hands at research and writing but less familiar with new media citation styles. Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, and the late Wayne C. Booth—the gifted team behind The Craft of Research—and the University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff combined their wide-ranging expertise to remake this classic resource. They preserve Turabian’s clear and practical advice while fully embracing the new modes of research, writing, and source citation brought about by the age of the Internet.