All applications submitted and AHRQ grants made in response to this FOA are subject to the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB's) "Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards," (the "Uniform Grant Guidance") at 2 CFR part 200, et seq, the HHS Grants Policy Statement (see and ), and the terms and conditions set forth in the Notice of Award.
However, while studying human service and community service organizations we were able to determine their leadership styles based off the information we know about a particular organization by using the Leadership Matrix....
This 10 page
paper provides an overview of four empirical studies conducted
to consider the problems facing women seeking social services
and then evaluates the implications for social work.
In 1999, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published a landmark study, "To Err is Human," which highlighted the magnitude of safety problems in health care. Since the publication of the IOM report, AHRQ has developed, piloted, and refined a robust portfolio of evidence, tools, and measures to improve patient safety. The most significant investments to date have been made in the hospital setting where a patient stays for one or more nights in an inpatient unit for treatment. Substantial research has also focused on safety in emergency room settings where a patient is treated but not admitted to an inpatient unit. A body of research dedicated to patient safety in other settings, including ambulatory and long term care settings, has also emerged, but research and initiatives to improve safety in these settings is more limited than the hospital setting. Ambulatory care takes place in any non-hospital patient setting and includes, but is not limited to physicians' and practitioners' offices and clinics. Emergency room settings are not considered ambulatory care settings for the purpose of this announcement. Long term care facilities include nursing homes, assisted living, residential care homes and home care. Ambulatory care sites and long term care facilities are settings with high patient/resident volume and high potential for harm. It is vital to leverage and build on the knowledge gained from the inpatient arena while also recognizing the unique challenges and barriers for ensuring patient safety in these settings. As such, a need exists for more information about the characteristics of patient safety in these settings and the actions that are needed to realize improvements.
To address this issue AHRQ launched a multi-year initiative beginning in fiscal year 2015 to expand the scientific evidence, strategies, and tools that are available for improving patient safety in all health care settings so that people can expect safe care whenever and wherever they receive it (e.g., see ). With this FOA, AHRQ will focus on two healthcare settings--ambulatory care and long term care facilities. As applicable, work should include a focus on issues that are relevant to underserved and vulnerable populations. Additionally, AHRQ has a specific interest in settings that serve vulnerable populations which include Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC), Community Health Centers, safety-net hospital outpatient departments, physician offices and long term care facilities. While disparities in patient safety have been previously documented, studies have been limited with regard to study design and methods needed to generate the evidence regarding factors underlying disparities.
The reasonableness of the data sharing plan or the rationale for not sharing research data will be assessed by the reviewers. However, reviewers will not factor the proposed data sharing plan into the determination of scientific merit or the priority score.
AHRQ supports research, evaluations, and demonstration projects concerning the delivery of health care in inner-city and rural areas (including frontier areas), and health care for priority populations. Priority populations include low income groups; minority groups; women; children; the elderly; and individuals with special health care needs, including individuals with disabilities and individuals who need chronic care or end-of-life health care. 42 USC 299(c). Women and members of minority groups are included in all AHRQ-supported research projects involving human subjects, unless a clear and compelling rationale and justification is provided that inclusion is inappropriate, e.g. because of the lack of connection between the study and the health of women or particular minorities. Investigators should review the document entitled, "AHRQ Policy on the Inclusion of Priority Populations," which is available . Applicants under this FOA should consider and discuss including priority populations in the research design as specified in this Notice.
A more detailed definition is given by the Society for Human Resource Management which states that “human resource management is the function within an organization that focuses on recruiting, managing, and providing direction for the people who work in the organization” (Schmidt, 2011).
In most organizations, human resources department establishes policies and coordinates functions that are as follow 1. Job Analysis and Design Job analysis deals with the determination of specific tasks and responsibilities common to a job or class of jobs as well as identifying the skills, knowledge and abilities that a person holding the job should possess....
Reviewers will consider each of the review criteria below in the determination of scientific merit, and give a separate score for each. An application does not need to be strong in all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact. For example, a project that by its nature is not innovative may be essential to advance a field.
HHS grants policy requires that the grant recipient perform a substantive role in the conduct of the planned project or program activity and not merely serve as a conduit of funds to another party or parties. If consortium/contractual activities represent a significant portion of the overall project, the applicant must justify why the applicant organization, rather than the party(s) performing this portion of the overall project, should be the grantee and what substantive role the applicant organization will play. Justification can be provided in the Specific Aims or Research Strategy section of the PHS398 Research Plan Component sections of the SF424 (R&R) application. There is no budget allocation guideline for determining substantial involvement; determination of substantial involvement is based on a review of the primary project activities for which grant support is provided and the organization(s) that will be performing those activities.
For research that involves human subjects but does not involve one of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate the justification for involvement of human subjects and the proposed protections from research risk relating to their participation according to the following five review criteria: 1) risk to subjects, 2) adequacy of protection against risks, 3) potential benefits to the subjects and others, 4) importance of the knowledge to be gained, and 5) data and safety monitoring for clinical trials.