When we turn to the theological and philosophical literature in theChristian tradition, we encounter, as we would in any of the othergreat religious traditions as well, a bewildering variety of different(and often inconsistent) theological views. The views about hell inparticular include very different conceptions of divine love, divinejustice, and divine grace, very different ideas about free will andits role (if any) in determining a person’s ultimate destiny,very different understandings of moral evil and the purpose ofpunishment, and very different views about the nature of moralresponsibility and the possibility of inherited guilt. There is alsothis further complication: in the Abrahamic family of monotheisticreligions to which Christianity belongs (along with Judaism andIslam), theological reflection often includes an interpretation ofvarious texts thought to be both sacred and authoritative. But themeaning of these texts, particularly when read in their originallanguages, is rarely transparent to all reasonable interpreters; thatis, not even all who regard a relevant text as authoritative seem ableto agree on its correct interpretation. Still, despite thisbewildering diversity of theological opinion, there may be arelatively easy way to identify three primary eschatological viewswithin the Christian religion and thus to organize the various ideasabout heaven and hell around these three primary views.
Write a closely persuasive paper in which you argue and persuade your reader to look at a writer and a selection of his or her sections/chapters we have read in a more powerful and careful way. In order to do this you will need to make a specific claim about how characters or movement of characters, setting, plot, or dialogue affect and/or help control theme or meaning. You must use two of the books we have read prominently in discussing your interpretation as well as three to four critical sources/interviews either from the classroom sources or library research with a similar or comparative thought process. My suggestions for organization and focused content include:
The name Nephilim comes from a Hebrew verb root meaning "the fallen ones." This further makes sense if we are dealing with intermarriage between believers and unbelievers. The offspring were the result of believers ("sons of God") who fell from the faith by marrying unbelieving, sensual woman. The children were reared in a hostile, anti-God atmosphere. They epitomize the pre-Flood rebellion against the Creator. As has been true for some time in the modern world, some of the worse enemies of Christianity were reared in Christian homes or environments. They have forsaken the faith of their fathers. Like the ancient heroes of the world before the Deluge, they have often become powerful instruments in anti-God establishments and views.
According to a member of the Outlaws Motorcycle Club for more than twenty five years who currently resides in northern Florida, older members of his organization related to him that they congregated for the purposes of long distance touring—which was quite an adventure aboard a foot-operated clutch and hand-shifted motorcycle traveling largely on unpaved dirt roads—and racing, which included hill-climbing, flat quarter-mile dirt tracks, and oval wooden board tracks.
Now when the Fifth General Council of the Christian church condemnedthe doctrine of universal reconciliation in 553 CE, it did not,strictly speaking, commit the institutional church of that day to adoctrine of everlasting conscious torment in hell. But it did committhe church to a final and irreversible division within the human racebetween those who will be saved, on the one hand, and those who willbe hopelessly lost forever, on the other. So anyone who accepted theCouncil’s decision on this point, as most major theologians overthe subsequent thousand years did, inevitably confronted an obviousquestion. If there is to be such a final and irreversible divisionwithin the human race, just what accounts for it? According to theAugustinians, the explanation lies in the mystery of God’sfreedom to extend his love and mercy to a limited elect and towithhold it from the rest of humanity; but according to the Arminians,the explanation lies in our human free choices. Thanks to God’sgrace, we ultimately determine our own destiny in heaven orhell.
Perhaps all this was simply an attempt on the part of the Hells Angels MC to capitalize on hyperbole and solidify something of a renegade image in the eyes of the dominant culture.
Further, the Oakland charter of the Hells Angels MC fanned the flames of media attention through antics such as attacking a group of anti-Vietnam War protestors in Berkeley.
For example, members of the Hells Angels MC seemed to enjoy media attention by allowing Hunter Thompson to associate with them, by gladly participating in the making of certain biker gang exploitation films (e.g., Hells Angels on Wheels and Hell’s Angels ’69), by calling in to local California radio broadcast talk shows.
The Hells Angel who was supposedly shot remains nameless due to his “fugitive” status, which also conveniently explains why no medical records are available to verify Barger’s claim.
Wild Angels and Hells Angels on Wheels were released as early as 1967, each of which distort further the reality of what it meant to be a member of an outlaw motorcycle club.*7 It appears that certain members of the California state government were responsible for casting an unrealistic image of the outlaw motorcycle club subculture, that certain prominent news media were responsible for “validating” that distorted image, and that Hollywood has perpetuated that image over time (Syder, Seate).
As with the Hells Angels MC members charged in Monterey five years earlier, the Hells Angel charged with murder at Altamont went free; however, the outlaw motorcycle club subculture was handed down a life sentence of negative public opinion.
The year following the Monterey incident, Attorney General Lynch released to the public the internal report, which was prepared ostensibly for the purpose of outlining activities of California motorcycle clubs such as the Hells Angels.
The charges were dropped due to lack of evidence and the two Hells Angels were released, but it seems that the media coverage of the incident caught the attention of certain California state government officials.
While smaller in membership than older clubs such as the Hells Angels MC, they were considerably more aggressive when it came to carving out geographic areas in which to operate.