Factors considered include problems with eyewitness identification, unreliable or duplicitous informants, prosecutorial misconduct, defense attorney incompetence, false and coerced confessions, forensic errors and fraud, judicial misconduct, systematic racism, problems with the adversarial system and the difficulties of balancing defendants right to due process with societys need for crime control and the criminal justice systems need for expediency.
The investigation then turns to a critical analysis and comparison of specific (England & Wales-based) studies, focusing on the relationship between research methods and theoretical findings.
Specifically discussed are the Clinton Administration's federal grant program entitled, Police Supplement Hiring Program, designated to provide grants to law enforcement agencies with the most significant needs; the problems with ensuring that the grants get to the designated regions; the problem with appropriated funds being used for reasons other than police hiring; officers that are hired aren't necessarily placed where the need is the greatest; and the alleged discriminatory practices of the police-hiring testing process.
Drawing on the experiences of police agencies which have attempted to make this transition, the investigation seeks to pinpoint the organizational factors that predict difficulty in effecting change as well as to identify those factors which seem to forecast success in the change process.
The history and purpose of the International Criminal Court is traced, looking both at the history of the Rome Statute itself as well as its historical precedents.
All discussion assignments in this course will be graded using a rubric. This assignment is worth 300 points. Download the discussion rubric and carefully read it to understand the expectations.
Assignment 1 Grading Criteria Maximum Points
Compare and contrasts the roles of jury, judge, district attorney, and defense attorney.
Discusses the rights of the defendant during the trial phase of the criminal justice process.
Discusses the rights of the victims/victims’ families during the trial phase of the criminal justice process.
Compare and contrasts plea-bargaining to going to trial.
Predicts the future of criminal trials in regard to plea-bargaining.
Analyzes how the computer animated reenactment relates to the CSI Effect in the courtroom.
Compare and contrast the roles of the Judge, Jury, District Attorney (Prosecutor), and Defense Attorney. What are their primary functions and purposes in the courtroom Workgroup?
Discuss the rights of the defendant in your state during the trial phase of the criminal justice process.
Discuss the rights of the victims and/or their families in your state during the pre-trial and trial phase of the criminal justice process. Would it be unusual for the family of a deceased victim to become angered by a slow criminal justice process or one where they are not permitted by law to be given information about the facts or evidence in the case by the District Attorney’s Office before the trial?
Compare and contrast plea-bargaining versus going to trial. Historically, opponents to plea bargains have claimed that they are used to alleviate heavy workloads of prosecutors (district attorneys). Prosecutors argue that plea-bargaining is a necessary part of the criminal justice process for several reasons. Where is the future of the criminal justice process headed in this regard?
Analyze how the Highway Patrol’s computer animated reenactment might have related to the Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) effect in the courtroom.
- A search and seizure term paper may briefly cover the following issues: 1] the role that search and seizure currently plays in criminal investigations; 2] its foundations in English common law and the Fourth amendment of the US Constitution; 3] some aspects of search and seizure that are currently deemed problematic.
Within the Final Capstone Project, complete the following:
Identify a clear thesis statement to address your chosen criminal and social justice issue.
Summarize your chosen social and criminal justice issue.
Propose the resolution to the social and criminal justice issue.
Examine the operations of the criminal justice system as it relates to your chosen issue and resolution. This may include operations related to crime scene investigation techniques and security; the collection, preservation and presentation of evidence; and processes related to correctional institutions, incarceration, and release.
Analyze how the criminal and social justice theories (in relation to the United States Constitution) and landmark U.S. Supreme Court decisions impact your chosen issue and support your resolution.
Explain how social and criminal justice systems promote social equality and fairness for all and how this impacts your issue and resolution. Consider how poverty, racism, and religion apply to contemporary social and criminal justice.
Assess how the centralization of criminal justice agencies in the United States, The Patriot Act, the U.S. Homeland Security Act, and international aspects of social and criminal justice impact your issue and resolution.
Identify and describe at least two careers in criminal justice (existing or to-be-created) for agencies that may be involved in addressing the issue and resolution you have chosen.
It can be argued that the foundation for community support for law enforcement is in the trust built by faith that the police follow the law and adhere to the U.S. Constitution. For example, criminal investigative questioning must be guided by Fourth Amendment search and seizure protections. Harsh or questionable investigative methods may be unethical and illegal.
Discuss whether the concern for homeland security has redefined acceptable or ethical criminal investigative tactics used by law enforcement. Explain what impact changes in criminal investigative techniques and methods may have on police-community relations, criminal prosecutions, and the ability of police to investigate major crimes.
The essay should be typed, double-spaced, be written in APA format, including in-text source citations, and use of a minimum of 4 sources found from outside the text or course lectures.
The perspectives are: (1) educational campaigns have reduced the number of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome) cases, thereby helping to reveal bona fide cases of infanticide, (2) there is a need to balance thoroughness with sensitivity in investigations, (3) genetic evidence is becoming increasingly important, (4) procedural rules tend to take precedence over physical evidence in trials, and (5) society is ultimately to blame when mothers commit acts of infanticide.