American soybeans attained their most sensational media publicity to date in late 1941 in connection with Ford's "soybean plastic car." As early as 1934 Ford had first remarked that "Someday you and I will see the day when auto bodies will be grown down on the farm." He intended to "grow cars rather than mine them." By late 1937 work had started on the project and Boyer had developed a curved, structured plastic sheet which Ford hoped would replace steel in auto bodies. A few weeks later the magnate called in reporters, jumped up and down on the unbending sheet, and triumphantly exclaimed, "If that was steel it would have caved in." He added, "almost all new cars will soon be made of such things as soybeans" (Nevins and Hill 1963, p. 283). In 1940 Boyer installed a plastic trunk lid on one of Ford's personal cars. In November 1940, Ford, always the genius at obtaining free publicity, again called in the press. He startled reporters by gleefully taking an ax (actually he used the square back end, covered with a leather guard) and with all of his lanky 77-year-old might, whalloping the trunk lid to prove that, unlike steel, the new plastic would not dent, shatter, or crack. He then invited them to try an ax on their own cars! Finally he predicted that his company would be mass-producing plastic bodied autos within 1-3 years. "I wouldn't be surprised," he declared, "if our (soybean research) laboratory comes to be the most important building of our entire plant." A picture of Ford's ax swinging stunt and accompanying wire service stories appeared in most of the nation's newspapers. magazine (11 Nov. 1940) ran a full page story entitled "Plastic Fords," and and magazines each carried a large photo. described how, unlike most commercial plastics, Boyer's sheets looked like polished steel. Consisting of 70% cellulose and 30% resin binder pressed into cloth, the new rust-free, dent-proof plastic was reportedly 50% lighter and 50% cheaper (to fabricate??) than steel; it could absorb, without denting, a blow ten times as great as steel could stand. When bent like a jackknife, the plastic panels snap back into place when released. The color, being inbred in the plastic, eliminates painting and provides a finish as enduring as the panel itself. Fenders, when released, would rebound from minor collisions like rubber balls. Ford went on to say that if each of the one million cars he produced each year were outfitted with his usual plastic molded parts and enamel paint, this would consume 700,000 bushels of soybeans; this was, however, less than 1% of the entire US crop that year.
Henry Ford's Passing and Legacy. On 7 April 1947 Henry Ford died at age 85 in his home at Dearborn, Michigan. The young man who dropped out of school at age 15 had gone on to become the creator of modern assembly-line mass production, the man who "put America on wheels." Ford epitomized that sort of old-fashioned American pragmatic inventiveness that is America's special genius. He was and remains an American folk hero. And because soybeans and soyfoods were one of his special interests, they basked in the light of his reflected glory. Ford's chemical and media alchemy had totally transformed the once lowly soybean into a subject of great interest to millions of people. Boyer later recalled, "Back in the 1930s, many people thought our work with soybeans was crazy." But Ford was smart enough to see the potential long before most others. For years he would drive the five miles from his home, "Fairlane," to be in Boyer's office by 8:00 A.M. to check on latest developments. He gave Boyer carte blanche with money and supported any project Boyer wanted to pursue. Boyer had tremendous admiration for Ford and deeply enjoyed working with and for him. Their joint experiments greatly enhanced the dignity of the once lowly soybean, and as the new "noble bean" began to make headlines, the world began to take notice. Over the years, Ford spent an estimated $4 million on soybean research plus an additional $10 million on physical plant and equipment to make soy products. Ford's interest in and cultivation of the soybean proved an important stimulus to expansion of soybean acreage. Although Ford's free-ranging predictions on other subjects were often wide of the mark, his frequent assertion that "soybeans will make millions of dollars of added income for farmers . . . and provide industry with materials to make needed things nobody even knows about now" has been proved correct by the passage of time. In 1947, when Ford died, American farmers were producing about 200 million bushels of soybeans. By 1980 they were producing over ten times that many (2.2 billion bushels). Numerous writers have commented on Ford's contribution to soy:"
The automotive assembly process, perfected by Henry Ford, was based on the simple principle that “customers can order a Model T in any color they wanted as long as it was black.” After the 1920’s the market witnessed new entrants with unheard of automobile features that ended Ford’s golden age.
This is a must-see attraction for anyone venturing to the Motor City.Photos courtesy of The Henry FordAddress: 20900 Oakwood, Dearborn, MI 48124
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The following persons participated in the study: External Safety, Efficacy, and Data Monitoring Committee: A. Connors (Charlottesville, Va.), S. Conrad (Shreveport, La.), L. Dunbar (New Orleans), S. Fagan (Atlanta), M. Haupt (Portland, Oreg.), R. Ivatury (Richmond, Va.), G. Martin (Detroit), D. Milzman (Washington, D.C.), E. Panacek (Palo Alto, Calif.), M. Rady (Scottsdale, Ariz.), M. Rudis (Los Angeles), and S. Stern (Ann Arbor, Mich.); the Early-Goal-Directed-Therapy Collaborative Group: B. Derechyk, W. Rittinger, G. Hayes, K. Ward, M. Mullen, V. Karriem, J. Urrunaga, M. Gryzbowski, A. Tuttle, W. Chung, P. Uppal, R. Nowak, D. Powell, T. Tyson, T. Wadley, G. Galletta, K. Rader, A. Goldberg, D. Amponsah, D. Morris, K. Kumasi-Rivers, B. Thompson, D. Ander, C. Lewandowski, J. Kahler, K. Kralovich, H. Horst, S. Harpatoolian, A. Latimer, M. Schubert, M. Fallone, B. Fasbinder, L. Defoe, J. Hanlon, A. Okunsanya, B. Sheridan, Q. Rivers, H. Johnson, B. Sessa-Boji, K. Gunnerson, D. Fritz, K. Rivers, S. Moore, D. Huang, and J. Farrerer (Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit).
Henry Ford influenced and changed America in the 1920s and displayed the traits of heroism during his early-life, while innovating the auto-industry, becoming a leader during the Industrial Revolution i...
Ford's two top soybean researchers during this testing period had been Robert Allen Boyer, head of the laboratory studying industrial applications, and Dr. Edsel Ruddiman, doing soyfoods research. Boyer, born on 30 September 1909 in Toledo, Ohio, had moved to South Sudbury, Massachusetts when his father had been hired by Ford to run the nation's oldest hotel there, the Wayside Inn. Ford, who had a real eye for promising young talent, had "discovered" Boyer at the Inn in 1925 during one of Ford's frequent visits there. Attracted by the boy's keen, active mind, Ford had suggested to Boyer that, instead of following his plans to enter Andover prep school and then Dartmouth College, he enroll in the new Henry Ford Trade School and participate in its unique work-study program at the adjacent huge River Rouge auto factory. Boyer accepted the idea and after attending the trade school from 1927-1929 he graduated at age 21, a promising research chemist; he took his first job as head of the new soybean lab at the Edison Institute. Ford liked to call the Edison Institute (which was both a school and a research center) the "School for Inventors." He once said he would like to put a sign over the front door which would read "Place for Damn Fool Experiments," although he never did.
write me a paper about Henry ford and Leland Stanford paper should include ( who , what , when , where , why ,how ) why do we still remember them? each of them a paper
In 1936 Ford hosted meetings of the Farm Chemurgic Council in Detroit and Dearborn, Michigan; 1,000 people attended, as against 400 the previous year. One entire section of the program was devoted to the soybean, which stole the show. Six papers were presented and speakers included Mr. E.D. Funk, Sr. and Clark Bradley. On 12 October 1936 magazine stated: "The No. 1 U.S. soybean man is Henry Ford."