Holstein, JA & Gubrium, JF. (1994). "Phenomenology, Ethnomethodology and Interpretive Practice" In NK Denzin and YS Lincoln (eds.) Handbook of Qualitative Research. pp. 262-272.
Ethnomethodologists argue that in order to understand the actor’s conception of objects and events, the sociologist must examine the routine, practical activities of everyday life.
Using the theory of Ethnomethodology and one other theory to change someone’s believes.
Using the theory of Ethnomethodology and at least one other theory (Symbolic Interactionism and/or Conflict Theory and/or Structural Functionalism), craft a way to change what someone believes, as well as change the behaviors associated with that belief. Spend at least one full page early in your essay summarizing the situation you’ll address, with several clear examples. For example, you might write about how you would
go about changing the mind of a climate change denier or gender roles etc
Ethnomethodology has been a diverse enterprise since its inception and has been selectively appropriated and applied into different disciplines and programs of study. It has noticeably contributed to path-breaking works in the studies of classroom processes, legal processes, the medical profession, workplace and organizations, gender, science and technology, discourse, social cognition and behavior, esoteric experience, and everyday life. Additionally, ethnomethodology has made important contributions to theoretical debates in philosophy and sociology surrounding the topics of justice, social order, knowledge/epistemology, reflexivity, and agency-structure relations.
Ethnomethodology proposes the study of social order as it is constituted in and through the socially organized conduct of the society's members (7). Harold Garfinkel has derived the problem of social order and the notion of membership from Talcott Parsons' theory of action. But the way in which he has tackled it is mainly derived from the phenomenological tradition, especially 'the constitutive phenomenology of the natural attitude' as conceived by Alfred Schutz. In ethnomethodology, whatever is the case for members may be studied in a procedural fashion. The central idea is that members are continuously, in every moment of their waking life, engaged in establishing what may be reasonably assumed to exist, by connecting whatever presents itself to their attention with elements of their stock of knowledge. This knowledge consists, as Schutz has argued, of typifications and recipes, such as action-types, person-types and course-of-action types (c.f. Schutz, 1962). Members demonstrate their competence by showing that and how they know what is the case by connecting 'indexical particulars', context-specific information, in a reasonable manner with generally available knowledge, 'what any competent member knows'. So by fitting 'cases' to 'types', a reasonable world is constituted (Garfinkel, 1967, especially p. 78).
Ethnomethodology (literally, 'the study of people's methods') is a discipline and which focuses on the way people make sense of the world and display their understandings of it. It focuses on the ways in which people already understand the world and how they use that understanding. In so far as this is key behavior in human , Ethnomethodology holds out the promise of a comprehensive and coherent alternative to mainstream sociology. The term was initially coined by in the 1960s, to signify the methods members of the society use to make and maintain sense of the social world around them.
Sociology – Ethnomethodology Experiment
You are the Sociologist This week focuses on Ethnomethodology in Sociology. Please read this section in your textbook prior to the completion of this assignment. Your assignment is to conduct an Ethnomethodology exercise that breaks background assumptions about everyday life. First, you will think of a creative way to interact “differently” in a public setting, carry it out, then report other people’s reactions to your exercise. Here are some examples from previous students: walked into a movie theatre wearing deep-sea diving flippers instead of shoes; used a Red Flyer wagon as a cart in a Kroger grocery store; wore their entire clothes inside out to work; and, walked around a park with an imaginary dog leashand acted as though they were really walking a dog.
While sociology seeks to provide accounts of society which compete with those offered by other members, ethnomethodology focuses on how these accounts are organised in the ongoing moment to moment maintenance of . Consequently, ethnomethodology employs a documentarian method to read every day events as opportunities by which members of the community use their cultural competence and indexical (contextual) knowledge to make sense of the world. The character of accountability, making one's actions and interpretations mutually intelligible, is reflexive, meaning commonsensical and intuitive to others. Because of this, ethnomethodologists have used research methods in the past that 'breach' or 'break' the everyday routine of interaction in order to reveal the work that goes into maintaining the normal flow of life. Some examples from early studies include: pretending to be a stranger in one's own home; blatantly cheating at ; or attempting to bargain for goods on sale in stores. These interventions have demonstrated the creativity with which ordinary members of society are able to interpret and maintain the social order.
Ethnomethodology is an approach within sociology that focuses on the way people, as rational actors, make sense of their everyday world by employing practical reasoning rather than formal logic.
While ethnomethodology is often seen as removed from more mainstream sociology, it has been extremely influential. For instance, ethnomethodology has always focused on the ways in which words are reliant for their meaning on the context in which they are used (they are ''). This has led to insights into the objectivity of social science and the difficulty in establishing a description of human behavior which has an objective status outside the context of its creation.
. Phenomenologist and Ethnomethodologist may learn how social experience is organized and accomplished by examing how artifacts (e.g. written protocols, charts, flowsheets, educational handouts) or materials are used by members of a group in daily life.
Ethnomethodology has also influenced the by providing a research strategy that precisely describes the methods of its research subjects without the necessity of evaluating their validity. This proved to be useful to researchers studying social order in laboratories who wished to understand how scientists understood their experiments without either endorsing or criticising their activities.