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Can universal ethical egoism be refuted?

Ethical egoism is sometimes the philosophical basis for support of right-libertarianism or individualist anarchism, although these can also be based on altruistic or utilitarian motivations.

These are political positions based partly on a belief that individuals should not coercively prevent others from exercising freedom of action.

The three different formulations of ethical egoism that have been identified are individual, personal and universal.

This essay will explain the relation between psychological egoism and ethical egoism.

b. If psychological egoism is true, then ethical egoism is pointless

I believe that the best example of ethical egoism is displayed in Book I of Plato's The Republic.

One might also object to Prichard-style arguments that (a) they arequestion-begging, since egoists will hardly agree that my reason forhelping is something other than the benefit to me, and (b) givendisagreement over this claim about my reason, the appropriate responseis to suspend judgment about it. Alison Hills, in 2010 parts II and III (directed atrational egoism), replies to (a) that moralists can assure themselvesby giving arguments that start from premises like “I have areason to help regardless of whether doing so contributes to myself-interest,” provided this premiss is not inferred from thefalsity of rational egoism — perhaps it is self-evident. Inreply to (b), she argues that disagreement over the premiss does notrequire moralists to suspend judgment about it, although disagreementover an egoistic premiss like “I have reason to help onlybecause doing so benefits me” does require egoists to suspend judgment. Thedifference is that rational egoists aim at knowledge, and for putativeknowledge, in cases of disagreement between epistemic peers,suspension of belief is required. Moralists aim primarily not atknowledge but at the ability to draw, on their own, true moralconclusions from the evidence. Since aiming at this abilityrequires giving weight to the conclusions of others,suspension of belief in cases of disagreement is not required ofthem.

A second argument against ethical egoism was made byH. A. Prichard. He argues that self-interest is the wrong sort ofreason. I do not, for example, think the reason I have a duty to helpa drowning child is that helping benefits me (Prichard 2002 1, 9, 26,29, 30, 122, 123, 171, 188). Similarly, Prichard chastises Sidgwickfor taking seriously the view that there is “a ...todo those acts which we think will lead to our happiness”(Prichard 2002 135).

Essay, Research Paper: Egoism Ethics - Solid Papers

So far, we have examined the theory of ethical egoism by looking at the first two (mostly the first) premises of the argument for it (the theory of psychological

The divergence between ethical egoism and standard moral theoriesappears in other ways.

The psychological egoist must argue that we do not come to pursuethings other than our welfare for their own sakes. In principle, itseems possible to show this by showing that non-self-regarding desiresdo not continue for long once their connection to our welfare isbroken. However, evidence for this dependence claim has not beenforthcoming.

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Ethical Egoism Essays and Term Papers 1 - 25


Ethical Egoism - Free Essay Examples and Research Papers

Week 4.3: Psychological Egoism Lecture
Is It Possible to Act Outside Your Own Self-Interest?
Whatever example you came up to illustrate an entirely selfless act, a psychological egoist will
put an egoistic spin on it. Watch how this works: Say your grandmother calls and needs help with something she is unable to handle on her own. Now, today is a

Ethical Egoism | Term Paper Warehouse

of ethical egoism (which we’ll get to shortly) is grounded in that psychological theory. We’ll see how they’re related in just a minute, but first I want you to entertain

All Ethical Egoism Essays and Term Papers

d. the result of the action
1.25 points
Question 5
1. Rachels argues that the mere fact that I am acting on my wants does not mean that I am acting selfishly.
True
False
1.25 points
Question 6
1. According to Rachels, a person who derives satisfaction from helping others is a selfish person.
True
False
1.25 points
Question 7
1. According to Rachels, selfishness and self-interest are not the same thing.
True
False
1.25 points
Question 8
1. The rational egoist cannot advocate that egoism be universally adopted.
True
False
1.25 points
Ethical Egoism: Joseph Butler Reading (Fifteen Sermons excerpts)
Note: Ignore the fact that there are highlighted passages in this reading. They are highlighted only for the assignment you’ll be doing on Butler.

Ethical Egoism - Lander University

One might quibble with some of the details. Perhaps subjects did notbelieve that the easy ways of stopping the painful experience Batsonprovided, such as leaving the viewing room, would stop it. (For anaccount of an experiment done in reply, favouring Batson, see Stich,Doris and Roedder 2010, as well as Batson 2011 135–145.)Perhaps a Batson-proof egoistic hypothesis could be offered: say thatsubjects believe that the way of stopping the pain (oravoiding self-punishment) is by helping (though whether subjects havethis belief might be tested for on its own). But on the whole,Batson's experiments are very bad news for psychological egoism. (Forfurther discussion of Batson, see May 2011a and Slote 2013.)

Ethical Egoism Essays - Free Essays, Term Papers, …

d. the result of the action
1.25 points
Question 5
1. Rachels argues that the mere fact that I am acting on my wants does not mean that I am acting selfishly.
True
False
1.25 points
Question 6
1. According to Rachels, a person who derives satisfaction from helping others is a selfish person.
True
False
1.25 points
Question 7
1. According to Rachels, selfishness and self-interest are not the same thing.
True
False
1.25 points
Question 8
1. The rational egoist cannot advocate that egoism be universally adopted.
True
False
1.25 points
Ethical Egoism: Joseph Butler Reading (Fifteen Sermons excerpts)
Note: Ignore the fact that there are highlighted passages in this reading. They are highlighted only for the assignment you’ll be doing on Butler.

Ethical Egoism Essay, Ethical Egoism Research papers

of ethical egoism (which we’ll get to shortly) is grounded in that psychological theory. We’ll see how they’re related in just a minute, but first I want you to entertain

Ethics term paper - Superior papers

It is unlikely that this argument proves that ethical egoismgenerates all of the standard duties to others. For the argumentdepends on the ability of others to cooperate with me or attack meshould I fail to cooperate. In dealings with others who lack theseabilities, the egoist has no reason to cooperate. The duties to othersfound in standard moral theories are not conditional in this way. I donot, for example, escape a duty to save a drowning person, when I caneasily do so, just because the drowning person (or anyone watching)happens never to be able to offer fruitful cooperation orretaliation.

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