Addressing e-waste problems. In light of international scrutiny about serious concerns associated with e-waste and environmental health, particularly among vulnerable populations, we considered existing efforts to identify, investigate, and improve conditions associated with e-waste processing. Efforts are underway to clarify terminology used in the Basel Convention to distinguish waste from non-waste (), and projects such as ZeroWIN (Towards Zero Waste in Industrial Networks) work toward e-waste reduction by addressing the design phase of the electronic life cycle (). However, even if these initiatives are successful, legacy contamination of soil, sediment, and water will remain. Intense study is needed to learn how to best remediate this contamination and to understand the effects of resulting exposures. In addition, because of the need for economic survival, realistically, some informal recycling will still occur. Education about potential health effects will be needed for workers as well as people who simply live near previous or current recycling sites. In addition, novel dismantling methods and technologies, along with training on their proper use, are needed to protect and engage communities.
Basel Convention. Negotiated under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme and entered into force in 1992, the convention regulates the transboundary movement and disposal of hazardous and other wastes. Its overarching objective is to protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects of hazardous wastes (). Under the Basel terms, based on the concept of prior informed consent, an export may proceed only with written consent by the country of import. However, the terms are difficult to monitor because reliable data are not available regarding the amount of exported EEE that is accurately classified as e-waste.
– Green Infrastructure were initially assigned, but you may explore a topic of your choice by relating it to your major or an interest you may have acquired from your personal experience or reading newspapers, watching a television, reading an article, or one discussed in the textbook. Formulate a specific question describing the problem. Do more research to gain a more detailed understanding of the issue or the causes of the environmental condition. Find more sources or information which will help you find specific solutions.