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Professor Markus Buttiker received a diploma in theoretical physics in 1974 from the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland. In 1978 he received a Ph.D. degree from the University of Basel, Switzerland for work on non-equilibrium phase transitions in electrical conductors. From 1979 to 1981 he was a postdoctoral fellow at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center in Yorktwon Heights, New York, working with Rolf Landauer on the statistical mechanics of soliton bearing systems. In 1981 Markus Buttiker became a member of the IBM research staff. Work on time scales in quantum tunneling was followed by predictions of sample specific mesoscopic phenomena, like persistent currents and Aharonov-Bohm effects in normal metal rings. A theory of quantum coherent transport for multiterminal conductors was developed and applied to the quantum Hall effect. This was followed by a theory of current noise in coherent conductors. In 1994 he was nominated full professor at the University of Geneva. He directed the department of theoretical physics from 1998 to 2007. Work in Geneva centered on dynamic conductance phenomena, quantum pumping, few particle orbital entanglement in electrical conductors and the statistics of electron transport. Markus Buttiker is an author or coauthor of more than 240 papers. Markus Buttiker is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and holds US and Swiss citizenships.

The main research interests of Vincenzo Barone are related to a theoretical microscopic approach for the study of structural, dynamic, electronic and spectroscopic properties of complex systems (materials, nanostructures, biomolecules, “soft matter”), as well as of their reactivity. This analysis is based on the development of an integrated tool for the accurate description of physical-chemical processes in condensed phases, including a general and powerful electronic model (the result of the development of original and effective approaches in the framework of the density functional theory), an accurate description of solute-solvent interactions (through mixed discrete-continuum models), and the inclusion of the most important effects of nuclear motions (vibrational averaging of physical-chemical observables, reaction rates, vibronic structures, slow motions). Particular attention has been devoted to obtaining a computational accuracy comparable to that attainable by experiments, without losing the possibility of an interpretation in terms of basic chemical-physical models and simple general rules. The focalization towards realistic systems has typically implied “multiscale” approaches, i.e. the adoption of several theoretical models suitable for the different scales of a specific phenomenon, and their integration into more global descriptions. Moreover, it has also motivated a constant interest for computer architectures and, in the last years, grid implementations. The research strategy, at the crossway of theoretical and computational chemistry, has aimed at the development of integrated computational tools, which, starting from accurate and cost-effective methods for electronic structure calculation, take next into account environmental effects by integrated discrete-continuum approaches, and nuclear motions by models ranging from classical Molecular Dynamics (MD) to both time-dependent (TD) and time-independent (TI) quantum dynamics. A strong feeling for the interpretation of experimental results is evidenced by long-standing collaborations with top-level experimental groups. A constant effort has been devoted to making theoretical developments available in form of general and easily accessible computational tools.

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List of the new elected members to the European Academy of Sciences

Term paper nuclear energy

Kerim Allahverdiev, Azerbaijanian by birth, was born in 1944 and educated at the Moscow Power Engineering Institute (MEI), where he received degree in Electrical Engineering in 1967. His Institute diploma thesis was performed at the Lebedev Institute of Physics, Moscow and was devoted to the superconducting properties of layered Niobium Selenide crystals. In 1967 he finished 2 years English school in Moscow. In 1972 he received the degree of the Candidate of Physical Mathematical Sciences working at the Institute of Physics Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences in close collaboration with the Lebedev Institute of Physics. In 1974-1975 he had Postdoctoral at the Clarendon Laboratory of Oxford University, UK. In 1982 he received a degree of Doctor of the Physical Mathematical Sciences submitting the thesis to the Institute of General Physics also, Moscow, working in close collaboration with the Institute of Spectroscopy and Institute of High Pressure Physics, Troitsk, Moscow Region. Since 1985 he is Professor in Physics. In 1992-1995 he is Professor in Physics at the Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey. Since 1995 he is Senior Scientific Researcher at the Marmara Research Centre (MRC) of the Turkish Scientific and Technological Council (TUBITAK), Gebze, Turkey and Senior Research Scientist at the Institute of Physics Azerabaijan National Academy of Sciences.

As a visiting professor, researcher and invited lecturer, Prof. K. Allahverdiev has presented, taught seminars and engaged in scientific collaboration at more than 40 Universities and Research Centers around the world, including Moscow State University; Oxford University, Cambridge University; Sheffield University, UK; London University; Imperial College, UK; MPI FKF, Stuttgart, Germany; RWTH Aachen, Germany; Bochum University, Germany; Bayreuth University, Germany; Hamburg University, Germany; US Air Force Wright Patterson Lab., Dayton; Colorado State University, USA; University of Cincinatti, USA; Tsukuba University, Japan and Madrid University, Spain.

He has been directing academic research in the field of physics and practical applications of layered semiconductors for over 30 years. Research Achievements include: new effective nonlinear materials in the system of layered gallium selenide- type semiconductors; first observation and explanation the nature of the low-temperature ferroelectric and high-pressure phase transitions in ternary layered chalcogenides. New class of the ferroelectric-semiconductors was discovered in a frame of joint research with the Institute of Spectroscopy (Prof. E. Vinogradov et al.), Troitsk, Moscow Region; first experimental investigation of the influence of ultra-short laser pulses on the transient-transmission change of layered A3B6 crystals and observation of quantum beats as due to the coherently excited fully symmetric phonons. As a result, new type of ultra-fast light modulator was suggested; first observation of the second harmonic generation in gallium selenide at 10.6 µm an 1579 nm and resonant excitonic second-harmonic generation; influence of intercalation on the electronic and vibration properties of gallium selenide-type crystals.

K. Allahverdiev hands-on experience in: modern spectroscopy techniques-also under pressure (pump-probe experiments, Raman scattering, nonlinear harmonic generation and wave mixing, photo- and electro- luminescence, exciton spectroscopy and others; growth and characterization of single crystals, nanocrystals and polycrystalline materials; carrier transport and galvanomagnetic measurements, dielectric spectroscopy; supervising the students at graduate and undergraduate levels, advising Ph.D Theses; demonstrated ability in project management, communication and organization skill, energetic.
Professor Allahverdiev has received several awards, honors, membership and fellowships including Azerbaijan State Prize in Science (1988); Krupp's stipendium, Technical University Aachen (1989); Window-on- Science Award, US Air Force European Office of Aerospace R&D, USA (1996, 2001); Royal Society Award as visiting Professor (1987, 1989); Citation in the USSR Academy of Sciences List of Best Achievements of the Year for the determination of the interlayer parameters and the peculiarities of the phonon spectra of A3B6 semiconductors (1978). Same Citation for different achievements in 1983, 1989 and 1991. He is a member: of New York Academy of Sciences (1998); Azerbaijan National Academy of Creation (1988); Russian Engineering Academy of Sciences, named by A. M. Prokhorov (2008); Member of the Organizing Committee of the European High Pressure Research Group (EHPRG) (1987-1990, 1991-1994, 1996-1999); Member of the Editorial Board, Turkish Journal of Physics; Reviewer of the JOSA, JAP, Materials Research Bulletin and others.

Professor Allahverdiev has published more than 275 articles on the linear and nonlinear optical properties of layered semiconductors, 1 book and 7 review articles. He has 5 patents.

Although a very busy personality Professor Allahverdiev finds time for sport (football, swimming). Among his other hobbies are gardening, walking, music (classic and modern).

Studies aimed at modeling of deformation, strength and fracture processes in nanomaterials and nanostructured objects were performed. Discrete-continuum models of deformation, defects formation and loss of stability of nanotubes and their systems, graphene plane and their systems were developed. The schemes for mechanical testing of nano- and microscale samples were suggested and calibrated. A generalized model of an atomistic crack was developed and the conditions of applicability of the continuum approach of the crack theory for evaluation of the nanoscale crack growth were determined.

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Visiting Professor and invited lecturer in several American and European Universities; President of the Hellenic Metal Structure Research Society (1983-1987) and of the Hellenic Society of Theoret. And Appl. Mech. (1989-2005); Chairman of several national and international congresses on Metal Structures and on Mechanics; Co-chairman of the 1st and 2nd European Conference on Structural Dynamics (EURODYN, 1990, Bochum, and 1993, Trondheim); Founder (conference chairman and/or steering committee chairman) of the European Conference on Steel Structures (EUROSTEEL, 1995-Athens, 1998-Prague, 2002-Coimbra, 2005-Maastricht); Chairman of sessions on Stability in the World Congresses on Mechanics of IUTAM (Grenoble-1988, Haifa-1992, Chicago-2000); Member of the IUTAM Congress Committee for the World Conference on Mechanics (1994-2004); Vice-president of the National Advisory Council for Research and Technology (1992-1994); Organizer of Intern. Courses on Nonlinear Stability of Structures (e.g. Udine,1992); Member of Edit. Board of various Int. Journals and Books; co-editor of Int. Journals, Facta Universitatis, Series Mechanics, Automatic Control & Robotics; Editor-in Chief of the Open Mechanics Journal

Publications:
More than 250 papers in various Int. Journals with more than 1000 citations; Author of 7 books on Appl. Mech., Steel Structures, Struct. Dynamics, Nonlinear static and Dynamic Stability, Calculus of Variations etc.

Research areas:
Static and Dynamic Structural Analysis, Vibration Problems, Nonlinear Static and Dynamic Stability of Conservative/Nonconservative systems, Energy and Variational methods, techniques for solving Nonlinear boundary and initial-value Problems, etc.

Professional activities:
Structural designer of large athletic installations for European Championships (and some of Olympic installations), of industrial large span steel hangars, technical consultant of the Ministry of Public Works and private companies for steel and composite bridges, founder and partner of the 1st Greek company for ready-mixed pumping concrete, etc.

Honors:

Energy Flow - Biology-Online Dictionary

ISIWeb of Science includes A.S. Fokas in the list of the most highly cited researchers in the field of Mathematics.
The late I.M. Gel’fand, one of the most eminent mathematicians of the last century (who has also made important contributions in biology), in the citation for the Aristeion Prize wrote “Fokas is now a very rare example of a scientist in the style of the renaissance”.

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Biology - Characteristics of Life and Principles - ThoughtCo

This methodological machinery has been employed to describe many systems and processes coupling accuracy comparable to that of the reference experiments with interpretability of the results in terms of molecular models and general rules. The focus has been on relatively fast “local” phenomena tuned by long-range intra- and inter-molecular interactions with comparable or longer characteristic time scales. Space and time multiscale approaches are particularly well adapted to these problems and have been at the heart of the PI’s research philosophy leading to integrated global descriptions of increasing sophistication and reliability, with the long-term perspective of building and validating a new generation of virtual microscopes and spectrophotomers with unprecedented effectiveness. The PI has always advocated the necessity of making innovative theoretical and computational methods available well beyond the circle of developers, especially towards the community of experimental researchers, that often have at hand highly interesting, challenging applications which require appropriate computational/theoretical assistance.

Simply put, it is the study of life

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a fairly new technique that has the potential to characterize and classify brain disorders such as schizophrenia. It has the possibility of playing a crucial role in designing objective prognostic/diagnostic tools, but also presents numerous challenges to analysis and interpretation. Classification provides results for individual subjects, rather than results related to group differences. This is a more complicated endeavor that must be approached more carefully and efficient methods should be developed to draw generalized and valid conclusions out of high dimensional data with a limited number of subjects, especially for heterogeneous disorders whose pathophysiology is unknown. Numerous research efforts have been reported in the field using fMRI activation of schizophrenia patients and healthy controls. However, the results are usually not generalizable to larger data sets and require careful definition of the techniques used both in designing algorithms and reporting prediction accuracies. In this review paper, we survey a number of previous reports and also identify possible biases (cross-validation, class size, e.g.) in class comparison/prediction problems. Some suggestions to improve the effectiveness of the presentation of the prediction accuracy results are provided. We also present our own results using a projection pursuit algorithm followed by an application of independent component analysis proposed in an earlier study. We classify schizophrenia versus healthy controls using fMRI data of 155 subjects from two sites obtained during three different tasks. The results are compared in order to investigate the effectiveness of each task and differences between patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls are investigated.

Biology 1 Mid-term study guide Flashcards | Quizlet

Professor Alvarez was born in Panama (Republica de Panama) in 1950, where he developed his interest for Chemistry. He moved to Barcelona in 1968 to study Chemistry at the Universitat de Barcelona (UB), where he pursued graduate studies with a grant of the Agustin Pedro y Pons Foundation. He obtained a Ph. D. with a thesis on vibrational spectroscopy under the advice of Prof. Jaume Casabo and in collaboration with V. Tabacik in Montpellier (France). For some time he carried out research on the synthesis and characterization of molecular metals and worked later for one year in theoretical inorganic chemistry in the group of Roald Hoffmann at Cornell University, granted by the Fulbright-MEC postdoctoral program. He was appointed as Profesor Titular (Associate Professor) in the Universitat de Barcelona in 1984 and was promoted to Catedratico (Full Professor) of Inorganic Chemistry in 1987.

His main research interests have been in bonding and stereochemistry of transition metal compounds, combining computational chemistry and structural database analysis. In particular he has dealt with the structure and bonding of several families of coordination and organometallic molecules, the structure and electrical properties of solid state compounds, the magnetic coupling of two or more paramagnetic atoms in complex molecular structures. He has produced over two hundred research papers. The most recent line of activity of his research group consists on the definition and application of the continuous shape measures and the continuous symmetry measures to the systematic description of molecular, supramolecular and crystal structures, developing new stereochemical tools such as the shape maps, the minimal distortion paths, the path deviation functions and the generalized interconversion coordinates.

He was Director of the Department of Inorganic Chemistry of the UB between 1992 amd 1995 and is advisor to the Board of Governors of the UB since 2004. He has been a member of the Editorial Board and of the International Advisory Board of Dalton Transactions, and participated in a IUPAC working party for the study of terminology of theoretical chemistry in 1993. His most recent awards include the Distincio de la Generalitat de Catalunya per a la Promocio de la Recerca Universitaria, Premio de Investigacion en Quimica Inorganica de la Real Sociedad Espanola de Quimica and the Premio Solvay de Investigacion en Ciencias Quimicas. He is Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry since 2005 and a corresponding member of the Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences since 2006.

He has been active in organizing scientific meetings, such as the euromediterranean conference of inorganic chemistry FIGIPS-6 in 2001 and several international advanced courses on Synchrotron Radiation and X Ray Absorption, Dessign and Assembly of Molecules and Networks, Photochemistry and Luminiscence of Coordination Compounds or Structural Databases in Chemistry. Starting in 2003, he has organized the international meetings NoSIC (Not Strictly Inorganic Chemistry), in which participants discuss on topics on the borders of Chemistry and other areas of knowledge, such as art, history, language, music or gastronomy. He publishes a section in the Revista de la Societat Catalana de Quimica entitled El Bagul dels Llibres (the ark of books), that reviews the most salient books on topics close to the edges of chemistry and humanistic knowledge. He has also recently published a book entitled Els atoms en l'espai (Atoms in Space), that provides a Catalan translation of the founding papers of stereochemistry by Van 't Hoff and Le Bel, complemented with an assay on the precedents and consequences of such publications.

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