The fourth piece of primary evidence comes from a fifth or early sixth century Syrian who writes under the name of Dionysius. Among his extant writings is The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy, "which describes the sacraments and the three 'ways' of spiritual life."38 At the end of this work, the author is directing his comments toward someone who has made an objection to the church's practice of baptizing and communicating infants and young children even though they (the infants and children) do not understand either sacrament. The author defends the church with the following words (all italics are mine):
Historical Articles (Various Authors):
This pdf booklet is a historical overview of the true Church of God and some of its main opponents from Acts 2 to the 21st century. Related sermon links include . and and . The booklet is available in Spanish: , German: , French: and Ekegusii .
Are you aware that what most people believe is not what truly happened to the true Christian church? Do you know where the early church was based? Do you know what were the doctrines of the early church? Is your faith really based upon the truth or compromise?
This has dates and some timelines when biblical and non-biblical events took place.
Is there any evidence that any Jews expected a Messiah when Jesus arrived?
This is an article by Paul Kroll pointing to 31 A.D. by way of Daniel 9 and Artaxerxes' decree in Ezra 7.
This link is to articles on Church history that were once published on the .
This is a URL with some information on Church History.
Do they matter? Most say they must, but act like they do not. This article contains some history about the Church of God (sometimes referred to as the continuation of Primitive Christianity) over the past 2000 years. It also discusses the concept of church eras. There is also a YouTube video: .
Although most believe that the Roman Catholic Church history teaches an unbroken line of succession of bishops beginning with Peter, with stories about most of them, Roman Catholic scholars know the truth of this matter. Is telling the truth about the early church citing Catholic accepted sources anti-Catholic? This eye-opening article is a must-read for any who really wants to know what Roman Catholic history actually admits about the early church. There is also a YouTube sermon on the subject titled
Who were the Nazarene Christians? What did they believe? Should 21st century Christians be modern Nazarenes? Is there a group that exists now that traces its history through the Nazarenes and holds the same beliefs today? Here is a link to a related video sermon
Some say so. But what does the Bible teach?
What actually happened to the primitive Church? And did the Bible tell about this in advance?
What really happened? Did structure and beliefs change? Are many of the widely-held current understandings of this even possible? Did you know that Catholic scholars really do not believe that several of the claimed "apostolic sees" of the Orthodox have apostolic succession--despite the fact that the current pontiff himself seems to wish to ignore this view? Is there actually a true church that has ties to any of the apostles that is not part of the Catholic or Orthodox churches? Read this article if you truly are interested in the truth on this matter! Here is a link to a sermon: . Here is a related articlein the Spanish language
Did you know that many in the second and third centuries felt that there were two major, and separate, professing Christian groups in the second century, but that those in the majority churches tend to now blend the groups together and claim "saints" from both? "Saints" that condemn some of their current beliefs. Who are the two groups? A related sermon is also available .
Did the original apostles write a creed? When was the first creed written? Are the creeds commonly used by the Eastern Orthodox or Roman Catholics original?
Many practices and doctrines that mainstream so-called Christian groups have are the same or similar to those of the sun-god Mithras. December 25th was celebrated as his birthday. Do you follow Mithraism combined with the Bible or original Christianity? A sermon video from Vatican City is titled
This is a a 5 minute animated film that shows one artist's understanding of the details about Solomon's temple.
Did Ignatius write against the Sabbath and for Sunday? What about the Didache? What does the actual Greek reveal?
This is believed to be the oldest complete surviving post-New Testament sermon. It did not teach lawless Protestantism. Have you ever read it? A related sermon is available: .
Could this building, often referred to as the Cenacle, which is located on a Mount Zion, possibly have been the oldest actual Christian church building? There is also a video titled
Did Polycarp refer to all the books of the New Testament in the early 2nd century? This is Roberts and Donaldson's translation, corrected by me in one place, where they made a small error in translating Latin by omitting one word.
This was written shortly after Polycarp died; likely involving . A mistranslation is corrected in this version.
This may have been written by Polycarp or "pseudo-Polycarp".
Are traditions on equal par with scripture? Many believe that is what Peter, John, and Paul taught. But did they? A related sermon is titled.
Do you know that the order of the books in most Bibles is not original? The believed original order is in this article.
This article shows from Catholic accepted writings, that the Old Testament used by non-Roman Catholics and non-Orthodox churches is the correct version.
This article, shows from the Bible and supporting historical sources, why the early Church knew which books were part of the Bible and which ones were not.
Is the Bible missing books? What about the Book of Jasher and the Book of Enoch? What are the pseudepigrapha?
This is a link to articles that essentially back up the historical accuracy of the Hebrew scriptures (AKA The Old Testament).
This is Hitchcock's 19th Century version, with an electronic search and some links.
This is a list claim to have been Presented by the old Worldwide Church of God.
These are translated extracts from a likely 13th/14th century paper titled A Treatise concerning Antichrist, Purgatory, the Invocation of Saints, and the Sacraments.
What language was the New Testament written in? Does it make any difference? What about sacred names? Did the Apostle Paul ever teach in Greek?
What are 'sacred names'? What is Jesus' Old Testament name? Is the use of sacred names a subject of salvation or a false gospel? Must we refer to our Saviour as Yahweh or Yashua?
Were their faithful Arabs who held to original Christianity?
Were any Paulicians faithful Christians? What happened to them? Why might they have developed the papal-antichrist theory?
Did all the indigenous peoples of North America come from East Asia, or did many come from Europe and/or West Asiaa? What does DNA evidence suggest?
Why is civilization like it is? How will it end? What will replace it? Here is a link to a related sermon titled: .
What is the mystery of iniquity? How did it start? How will it end? Two related sermons are also available: and .
In the Book of Acts, Paul made his famous "Men of Athens" speech on Areopagus Rock (called Mars Hill in the KJV).
Did Catholic and Orthodox "saints" endorse or condemn idols and icons for Christians? A related sermon is available: .
In the Book of Acts, Paul made his famous "Men of Athens" speech. Paul is believed to have visited Athens during his second missionary journey (which was with Silas) around 49-52 A.D.
Constantinople was the major head of the old Roman Empire for nearly 1,000 years (until 1453).
The Apostle Paul not only preached in Corinth for about six months (Acts 18:8-11), he also wrote two letters to the brethren there (1st and 2nd Corinthians).
Both the Apostles Paul and John wrote to the church at Ephesus. The Apostle John, with possibly Mary (Jesus' mother), moved to Ephesus. The Christian leader Polycrates lived in Ephesus.
Laodicea was the last of the seven Churches that were discussed in Revelation 2 & 3. It is often called "the lukewarm church". There are many today.
Late in his life, the Apostle John reportedly was taken to Rome from Ephesus, then suddenly exiled to Patmos, by Emperor Domitian.
Pergamos (also known as Pergamum, but currently known as Bergama, Bergamo, or Bergamum) was one of the seven churches of Revelation.
Philadelphia (currently also known as ) was one of the seven churches of Revelation. And is generally known as "the faithful church". There is only one of it today.
The Apostle Paul, with Luke, visited Rhodes, on what is considered to have been his fourth missionary journey (around 60 A.D.).
Rome has been a major world city for centuries. Since the late second century, it has made claims of prominence over Christianity. There is even a photo of what has been described as "" () plus the .
Sardis is the fifth of the seven churches listed in the Book of Revelation.
Smyrna is the second of the seven churches listed in the Book of Revelation.
Thyatira is the fourth of the seven churches listed in the Book of Revelation.
Here is some pictures of the old campus taken in 2016 for those interested in what it did look like and what remains.
Joseph Bingham, author of the ten volume work, Antiquities of the Christian Church, plainly states the terms by which the ancient church decided who would and who would not be invited to the Lord's Table when he wrote that those who "continued in heresy or schism... were of the number... to whom the church refused to give the sacrament, as persons not being in full communion with her. [However]... it is beyond dispute, that as she baptized infants, and gave them the unction of chrism with imposition of hands for confirmation, so she immediately admitted them to a participation of the eucharist, as soon as they were baptized, and ever after without exception." 11
"References to infant and child participation in the Lord's Supper continue... throughout the period of Charlemagne and following."12 There are also many other church historians and scholars who believe that early evidence clearly leads one to believe that paedocommunion was a common practice in the earliest days of the ancient church. Among these are Jeremy Taylor13 , Eugene L. Brand,14 Williston Walker,15 R.J. Rushdoony,16 David G. Hamilton,17 Charles Crawford, J.H. Srawley,19 James Jordan20 and Peter J. Leithart.21
Early Christianity vs Modern Christianity Youth Voices SCIENCE SONGS ROCK The Gnostics Myth Ritual and Diversity in Early Christianity David Brakke Amazon com Books
49Keidel, 302. In his fifteenth footnote, Keidel cites the following works as support for this assertion. "Adolph Harnack, History of Dogma, vol. vi, tr. by William McGilchrist, William and Norgue, Covent Garden, London 1899, p. 240; Augustus Neander, General History of the Christian Religion and Church, vol. 4, Boston 1871, pp. 341ff." Keidel then goes on to say, "Other reasons for withdrawing the cup were hygienic and out of fear of disease. It should also be remembered that removal of the cup from the laity enhanced the dignity of the priest at a time in which the Roman Catholic Church was seeking an individuality of its own after the split with the Orthodox Church in 1054." Charles Crawford agrees that there were various reasons for the abandonment of infant communion. He categorizes the factors as hygienic (fear of disease), practical (doctrine of concomitance), and dogmatic (demand for intelligent reception). Crawford, 533-534; Other contributing factors may include the separation of confirmation from the time of baptism (made necessary because Christianity grew rapidly while the number of bishops did not) which encouraged a break down in the three part rite of initiation into the church (baptism, confirmation, eucharist) and the development of the idea of childhood. See Hamilton, 22-25.
50Walker, 274; McLarty, 66; It is not surprising that so many sacramental changes were happening at this time when we realize the fear that the people had of the transubstantiated elements. "A Christian society that has degenerated to such a state that it becomes necessary to legislate that Christians need receive the eucharist once a year is fertile for most anything to take place in the context of baptism and the eucharist. The whole vision of what the eucharist was, and what its relationship was to the community had so changed that the process could take place unresisted, except in those places where tradition was being asserted for political rather than theological reasons...it is this degeneration... of the sacraments during the middle ages that provided the theological and cultural milieu in which infants and the young could stop receiving the eucharist... We should not be surprised then to find a North German synod, on the eve of the Reformation, declaring that it is unseemly for the laity ever to receive the eucharist." Muller-Fahrenholz, 63-64.
"It is true that the rationale usually given in the early church for infant inclusion in the Supper was that eternal life was thereby secured on the basis of John 6:53. But was this rationale originally responsible for introducing the Supper to infants, or was it a distorted view later imposed upon what was an original apostolic practice? The same question may be asked of infant baptism. Was the doctrine of baptismal regeneration the rational for infant baptism in the early church, or was it a distorted view later placed upon what was an apostolic practice? Church history has not been able to settle these questions. Earlier documentation is needed."44
Miscellaneous Doctrinal Articles and Items:
This is the official magazine of the Continuing Church of God and it has articles on a wide variety of subjects of Christian interest. It is produced in multiple languages including , , , , , and . The language of Telugu is in-process.
Do you know what the Bible teaches on this? Has the Roman Catholic Church allowed abortions? What about the real Church of God? Some may also, or instead, wish to view the YouTube video .
This biblical article on music is in response to an advertisement critical of WCG's 1974 . It also address early church practices here.
via Amazon. This is the paperback edition of the hymnal used by the Continuing Church of God. It consists of all the songs that were part of the 1974 edition of 'The Bible Hymnal' used by the old Worldwide Church of God, plus ten other hymns that Herbert Armstrong approved that were written by Ross Jutsum. The songs in this book are essentially the Psalms and other passages in the Bible set to music. To access it free online, click: . Amazon sells a hard copy of for $8.99. We also have the Kiswahili version on Amazon: .
What is your ultimate destiny? What does the Bible teach? Is deification only a weird or cultic idea? Are you to rule the universe? Here is a link to the video sermon
Are Christians really to rule? If so, how will that turn out? A related sermon is titled A sermon of related interest is titled
This historical article is by Herbert Armstrong and provides his views on healing circa 1952, which he seemed to later modify, at least to some degree.
. We all know the Bible prophecies famines. Should we do something? Here is a version in the Spanish language .
What do economists and the Bible teach about gold? Gold and silver may drop in value. Inflation/deflation? What do Christians need to know about gold? A video of related interest may be: .
Herbert W. Armstrong had seven laws that he felt could help people become successful.
Does the Bible teach that Christians are to be successful? Are there at least seven laws of success that Christians should follow? How does the Bible teach we are to become successfully spiritually? Does the Bible really teach that Christians should be successful physically? This video answers these questions and more from the Bible. An outline of some of the scriptures used is here: .
In what ways do Christians live differently than others. What about praying, fasting, tithing, holy days, and the world? There are also two YouTube video related to this: and .
Can you handle solid spiritual food? A related sermon is available: and .
This article gives some of the Biblical rationale on this subject. Would Jesus vote for president/prime minister? Is voting in the Bible? This is a subject Christians need to understand. Another video is .
This was a booklet that was edited with some updates by Dr. Thiel. Here is a link to a related sermon:
What caused the descendants of Israel to pay taxes? Should Christians pay taxes? If you prefer, or additionally, you could watch the video
Many Protestants use the term born-again. Do they know where the concept came from or does it matter? Are you born or begotten upon proper baptism?
Are Christians supposed to give thanks? Why? Is unthankfulness warned against? Here is a link to a related sermon titled: .
What about the Ten Commandments? What about the 613 regulations (called 613 Mitzvot) in the Old Testament? Which were 'done away'?
What does John 3:16, and other writings, tell us? Did a doctrine kept adopted from paganism? Here is a YouTube video titled
What was Jesus teaching in Luke 16?
Booklet by the late Dr. Herman Hoeh.
Is death like sleep, or is that a cultic idea? Can you speak to the dead? Here is a link to a related sermon:
The New Testament speaks of something called the "second death." Who will be subject to it? How does it end?
How does one explain Revelation 14:11 in light of Malachi 4:3? What happens to the ?
How are Christians to be like soldiers? How are they to be different?
Here are current and historical perspectives on a matter which show the beliefs of the true church on military participation. Is war proper for Christians? A related sermon would be: .
Is the most popular spectator sport in the USA something that Christians should watch? What do the Bible and early writings show? There is also a YouTube video available titled
Various studies show health benefits for male circumcision. Have Christians observed circumcision throughout history?
What is it? Can you repent of it? Do you know what it is and how to avoid it? Here is a link to a related sermon video . Here is a link to a shorter video
Did early Christians confess their sins to priests? A related sermon is .
What do the Bible and scholars teach? What about 'near-death experiences'? Here are links to a related sermons: and .
Dr. Herman Hoeh wrote this and answered whether the saints go to heaven upon death.
Dr. Herman Hoeh wrote this and answered whether one killed with Jesus entered Paradise before Jesus could have.
Answers questions about tithing and also addresses some non-biblical arguments against tithing. Should people tithe?
How can people help themselves and others financially? wrote this as a booklet on this important subject. A video of related interest would be: .
What does the Bible reveal? A related video is
Would you like to know more about the history of tattoos, social concerns about tattoos, health risks of tattoos, and what the Bible teaches about them? Here is a related video titled
Were early church services mainly scriptural, emotional, or sacramental? Who follows the basic original liturgy today? A related video is also available:
Do women need to wear veils or similar coverings while praying or attending church services? What does the Bible teach about hair length? What about going around bald? Here are some scriptures on that subject.
Some religions suggest this, but what does the Bible teach? What was the practice of the early church?
Does God expect or endorse living in a monastery or nunnery?
Were the duties of the clergy primarily pastoral or sacramental? Did the clergy dress with special liturgical vestments? Can "bishops" be disqualified as ministers of Christ based on their head coverings?
Does The Da Vinci Code properly discuss Christianity? What does it have right and what does it have wrong about early Christianity and other gospel accounts?
Is smoking a sin? What does the Bible teach? What have COG leaders written? Can smokers change? What about marijuana?
There is increasing acceptance of the use of marijuana. How should Christians view this? Here is a related video titled
This is an article from the old Good News magazine that attempts to answer this question.
Many college students and others overindulge in alcohol. Are there health risks? What does the Bible teach? A related video is also available: .
Does the Bible warn about the consequences of being obese? Is overeating dangerous? Is gluttony condemned? What diseases are associated with eating too much refined foods? A related video would be .
Herbert Armstrong gives his opinions on this.
What does the Bible teach? Herbert Armstrong tries to explain this.
The old WCG once taught something about it.
How has God used dreams in the past? Does God still use dreams? Did He use any involving those in the Continuing Church of God? Here is a link in Spanish: . A related sermon is also available: .
Herbert Armstrong gives biblical reasons on this topic. I also wrote and added a section titled Suffering Has a Future Purpose.
This is a pdf booklet put out by the old Worldwide Church of God that also answers questions about why God allows war as well as babies to die. Here is a link to a sermon titled
a Did God create humans evil or good? What is human nature? Where does it come from? Here are links to two related sermons: and
If not, what happened? wrote this as a booklet.
Should Christians avoid participating in astrology or did God inspire it? Does the Bible encourage astrology? What does the Bible actually teach? What is astrology? How does astrology differ from astronomy? Where did astrology come from? Should you read your horoscope?
Many believe and follow astrology--but does it work? Here is a link to the article in Mandarin Chinese: .
discusses some experiences I believe were (demon) 'spirit' related. A video is also available titled: .
This is information about various types of angelic beings.
Article by E.M. Walter goes into several of the causes of this.
Is diet a possible contributing factor in the increasing number of children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactive disorder?
How should Christians view the environment? Does the Bible give any clues? What are some of the effects of air, water, and land pollution? Is environmental pollution a factor in autism and death? Do pollutants seem to double the autism risk? What will Jesus do? Here is a link to a related sermon: (there is also YouTube video available titled ).
Daniel and his companions looked better eating more vegetables and avoiding strange meats. Has modern science confirmed this?
Are foods considered to have been unclean in the Old Testament considered to be food in the New Testament? This article discusses this from the perspective of the New Testament. It also has a list of clean and unclean animals. It also answers the question, is pork healthy or is pork dangerous?
Some falsely claim that God did not create marriage and that fornication is fine. What does the Bible really teach? Here is a version in Mandarin Chinese .
Marriage is not always easy, but it pictures a divine relationship. How can you make your marriage work? Here is a link to the video sermon: .
by Herbert Armstrong. Here is a related article in the Spanish language:
It is important to get them in the right order.
An article written by the late Selmer Hegvold.
Do you know that there are five simple rules that can make you a more effective parent? Here is a link to a version in Mandarin Chinese . There is also a 12 1/2 minute English language YouTube video on this, also titled .
This is an article by Herbert Armstrong that was used as the introduction to the pdf booklet .
This is a pdf booklet that the old WCG put out.
Is there an agenda to turn your children and/or grandchildren away from biblical morality and towards practices promoted by homosexuals? What does the Bible teach about cross-dressing? What should parents do? If there is an agenda, what has been going on? There are also three YouTube videos related to this, titled and and .
"Same-sex marriage" for "gays" and lesbians is becoming more acceptable to many. What does the Bible teach about homosexuality? Can homosexuals change? A related video sermon is titled:
Is pornography harmless fun? Does the Bible teach anything about it? What are the views of some involved with it? A related sermons is titled: . Here a shorter YouTube video
Public nudity is becoming more prevalent in the Anglo-Saxon lands. What are some of the consequences?
This is an article by Paul Krautmann & John Siston.
Was it by immersion? Did it include infants? Does Polycarp prove infant baptism? Here is a link to some information in the Spanish language:
This is not a joke. Find out what was taught in the second and later centuries.
originally meant being born at the resurrection, not at the time of conversion.
was not a requirement in the early Church.
were originally pastoral and theological, not predominantly sacramental.
Did the early Church use icons? What was the position of Christians about such things? A related sermon is available: .
Was the cross used as a venerated symbol by the early Church? A related YouTube video would be .
Or was monasticism unheard of in the early Christian church?
Is the Cathedra Petri really Peter's seat or might it be something else? There is also a YouTube sermon about Vatican City, Peter, and this same throne shot in Rome and Vatican City:
An important question that Herbert Armstrong addresses.
What does the Bible teach about truth? Does the CCOG teach the truth?
This is a link to dozens of doctrinal news articles once published at the .