Compulsive or treacherous measures to establish any government whatever, willalways excite jealousy among a free people: better remain single and alone, thanblindly adopt whatever a few individuals shall demand, be they ever so wise. Ihad rather be a free citizen of the small republic of Massachusetts, than anoppressed subject of the great American empire. Let all act understandingly ornot at all. If we can confederate upon terms that wilt secure to us ourliberties, it is an object highly desirable, because of its additional securityto the whole. If the proposed plan proves such an one, I hope it will beadopted, but if it will endanger our liberties as it stands, let it be amended;in order to which it must and ought to be open to inspection and free inquiry. The inundation of abuse that has been thrown out upon the heads of those whohave had any doubts of its universal good qualities, have been so redundant,that it may not be improper to scan the characters of its most strenuousadvocates. It will first be allowed that many undesigning citizens may wish itsadoption from the best motives, but these are modest and silent, when comparedto the greater number, who endeavor to suppress all attempts for investigation.
E-commerce is the economical process during which financial operations are conducted and controlled with the help of the Internet technologies and computer software. Nowadays e commerce is becoming more and more popular because both producers of goods and services and consumers have understood the advantages of this process and realize that it possesses great perspectives. The procedure of e commerce is very easy. One joins the website of the company, discusses the possible purchase with the administrator or online manager and buys the required product. The process is extremely easy and safe.
The qualifications of the representatives are also fixed and designated, andno person under 25 years of age, not an inhabitant of the state, and not havingbeen seven years a citizen of the United States, can be elected. The clearinference is, that all persons 25 years of age, and upwards, inhabitants of thestate, and having been, at any period or periods, seven years citizens of theUnited States, may be elected representatives. They have a right to be electedby the constitution, and the electors have a right to choose them. This isfixing the federal representation, as to the elected, on a very broad basis. Itcan be no objection to the elected, that they are Christians, Pagans,Mahometans, or Jews; that they are of any color, rich or poor, convict or not. Hence many men may be elected, who cannot be electors. Gentlemen who havecommented so largely upon the wisdom of the constitution, for excluding frombeing elected young men under a certain age, would have done well to haverecollected, that it positively makes pagans, convicts, etc. , eligible. Thepeople make the constitution; they exclude a few persons, by certaindescriptions, from being elected, and all not thus excluded are clearlyadmitted. Now a man 25 years old, an inhabitant of the state, and having been acitizen of the states seven years, though afterwards convicted, may be elected,because not within any of the excluding clauses; the same of a beggar, anabsentee, etc.
Moreover those very powers, which are to be expressly vested in the newCongress, are of a nature most liable to abuse. They are those which tempt theavarice and ambition of men to a violation of the rights of their fellowcitizens, and they will be screened under the sanction of an undefined andunlimited authority. Against the abuse and improper exercise of these specialpowers, the people have a right to be secured by a sacred Declaration, definingthe rights of the individual, and limiting by them the extent of the exercise. The people were secured against the abuse of those powers by fundamental lawsand a Bill of Rights, under the government of Britain and under their ownConstitution. That government which permits the abuse of power, recommends it,and will deservedly experience the tyranny which it authorizes; for the historyof mankind establishes the truth of this political adage - that in government what may be done will be done.
Article 1, section 2. This section mentions that, within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, an enumeration shall take place, the number of representatives not to exceed one member for every 30,000. This article I believe to be inadmissable. First, it affords to small a representation, (supposing 48 at the highest calculation) and especially in the southern states, their climate, soil, and produce, . . . not being capable of that population as in the northern states. Would it not therefore be better to increase the number of representatives, say one member for every 20,000 for the states north of Virginia, and one for every 15,000 south of the said state, itself included? Or, secondly, divide the states into districts which shall choose the representatives, by which every part of a state will have an equal chance, without being liable to parties or factions? Should it be said it will increase the expense, it will be money well laid out, and the more so if we retain the paying them out of our own bands. And, supposing the voting in the house of representatives was continued as heretofore by states,would it not be more equal still? At any rate I would strenuously recommend tovote by states, and not individually, as it will be accommodating the idea ofequality, which should ever be observed in a republican form of government. Or,thirdly, if it was in proportion to the quotas of the states, as rated intaxation, then the number of members would increase with the proportion of tax,and at that rate there would always be an equality in the quota of tax as wellas representation; for what chance of equality according to the constitution inquestion, can a state have that has only one or two votes, when others haveeight or ten, (for it is evident that each representative, as well as senator,is meant to have a vote, as it mentions no other mode but in choosing thepresident), and as it is generally allowed that the United States are dividedinto two natural divisions, the northern as far as Virginia, the latter includedforms the southern? This produces a wide difference in climate, soil, customs,manners of living, and the produce of the land, as well as trade, also inpopulation, to which it is well observed the latter is not so favorable as theformer, and never can nor will be, nature itself being the great obstacle. Andwhen taxation is in agitation, as also many other points, it must producedifferences in sentiments; and, in such dispute, how is it likely to be decided?
E commerce is the future of the international business and trade, so one should devote time to research the question in detail. Students who need to complete a good term paper will need to read high-quality newspapers, magazines, textbooks and encyclopedias to collect proper data for the analysis. It is very important to find up-to-date information on the topic, because the problem is modern, fast-developing and dynamic. Every day new technologies, services and means of e commerce can appear and a student should be aware of these innovations. The term paper is expected to be interesting, informative and possess logical structure. A student will need to think soberly and value the advantages and disadvantages of the problem and draw smart conclusions which can summarize the importance of the question from all sides.
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We are threatened with danger [according to some,] for the non-payment ofour debt due to France. We have information come from an illustrious citizen ofVirginia, who is now in Paris, which disproves the suggestions of such danger. This citizen has not been in the airy regions of theoretic speculation - ourambassador [Thomas Jefferson] is this worthy citizen. The ambassador of theUnited States of America is not so despised as the honorable gentleman wouldmake us believe. A servant of a republic is as much respected as that of amonarch. The honorable gentleman tells us that hostile fleets are to be sent tomake reprisals upon us. Our ambassador tells you that the king of France hastaken into consideration to enter into commercial regulations, on reciprocalterms, with us, which will be of peculiar advantage to us. Does this look likehostility? I might go farther. I might say, not from public authority, butgood information, that his opinion is, that you reject this government. Hischaracter and abilities are in the highest estimation; he is well acquainted, inevery respect, with this country; equally so with the policy of the Europeannations. Let us follow the sage advice of this common friend of our happiness.
The Case of Convertible Bonds
by Tim Xiao of Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, CIBC
(380K PDF) -- 25 pages -- May 21, 2013
by Areski Cousin of Université Lyon 1, and
Elena Di Bernardino of CNAM
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by Jean-David Fermanian of CREST-ENSAE
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by of Imperial College London,
Agostino Capponi of Purdue University,
Andrea Pallavicini of Imperial College London, and
Vasileios Papatheodorou of Barclays Capital
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by Chris Kenyon of Lloyds Banking Group, and
Andrew Green of Lloyds Banking Group
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by David E.
We have frequently endeavored to effect in our respective states, the happy discrimination which pervades this system; but finding we could not bring the states into it individually, we have determined . . . and have taken pains to leave the legislature of each free and independent state, as they now callthemselves, in such a situation that they will eventually be absorbed by ourgrand continental vortex, or dwindle into petty corporations, and have powerover little else than yoaking hogs or determining the width of cart wheels. But (aware that an intention to annihilate state legislatures, would be objectedto our favorite scheme) we have made their existence (as a board of electors)necessary to ours. This furnishes us and our advocates with a fine answer toany clamors that may be raised on this subject. We have so interwovencontinental and state legislatures that they cannot exist separately; whereas wein truth only leave them the power of electing us, for what can a provinciallegislature do when we possess the exclusive regulation of external and internalcommerce, excise, duties, imposts, post-offices and roads; when we and we alone,have the power to wage war, make peace, coin money (if we can get bullion) ifnot, borrow money, organize the militia and call them forth to execute ourdecrees, and crush insurrections assisted by a noble body of veterans subject toour nod, which we have the power of raising and keeping even in the time ofpeace.
Most of the companies trade with one another with the help of e commerce. This saves much time and money. Businessman save great sums due to the fact that they do not have to pay much for the stores, supermarkets, shops, they just need to rent a place to keep their goods there and just transport them from this place directly to the customer. Customers prefer buying goods with the help of the web, because it also saves their time and money. Products sold in the Internet are cheaper and their choice is generally higher. Besides, one will not have to drive to the shop, stay in the queue for half an hour, but simply purchase all he wants sitting comfortably on the sofa and wait till the goods are delivered home. E commerce influences positively the environment, because people waste less fuel for driving to the store and the businessmen waste less energy to keep the proper conditions of these stores and supermarkets.