R. B. R. Moreton, I. M. Stratton, S. J. Chave, H. Lipinski, P. H. Scanlon. . (2017) Factors determining uptake of diabetic retinopathy screening in Oxfordshire. 34:7, 993-999.
Serpil Yazgan, Dilek Arpaci, Haci Ugur Celik, Mustafa Dogan, Irem Isık. . (2017) Macular Choroidal Thickness May Be the Earliest Determiner to Detect the Onset of Diabetic Retinopathy in Patients with Prediabetes: A Prospective and Comparative Study. 42:7, 1039-1047.
Seven-field stereoscopic fundus photographs were taken by certified photographers every six months and were centrally assessed by graders unaware of the treatment-group assignments. The graders used the protocol of the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS). The overall levels of severity of retinopathy were determined for each patient according to the ETDRS interim scale, in which a scale of 25 steps is used to represent the overall extent of retinopathy in both eyes. In the primary-prevention cohort, the development of clinically important retinopathy was defined as a change of at least three steps from base line that was sustained for at least six months. Similarly, a sustained three-step change was used to define progression of retinopathy in the secondary-intervention cohort. This definition was chosen because of its reproducibility and because it represented a measure of clinically important worsening. Proliferative retinopathy and severe nonproliferative retinopathy were chosen as additional outcomes, because they indicate the need for frequent follow-up and possibly photocoagulation. The measures of nephropathic, neuropathic, neuropsychological, macrovascular, and quality-of-life outcomes have been described in detail elsewhere.
Damir Vetrini, Christine A. Kiire, Philip I. Burgess, Simon P. Harding, Petros C. Kayange, Khumbo Kalua, Gerald Msukwa, Nicholas A. V. Beare, Jason Madan, David Hutton. . (2018) Incremental cost-effectiveness of screening and laser treatment for diabetic retinopathy and macular edema in Malawi. 13:1, e0190742.
Yoon Jeon Kim, Sung Shin, Duck Jong Han, Young Hoon Kim, Joo Yong Lee, Young Hee Yoon, June-Gone Kim. . (2018) Long-term Effects of Pancreas Transplantation on Diabetic Retinopathy and Incidence and Predictive Risk Factors for Early Worsening. 102:1, e30-e38.
Rasha Barham, Hala El Rami, Jennifer K. Sun, Paolo S. Silva. . (2017) Evidence-Based Treatment of Diabetic Macular Edema. 32:1, 56-66.
W. David Strain, Xavier Cos, Christian Prünte. . (2017) Considerations for management of patients with diabetic macular edema: Optimizing treatment outcomes and minimizing safety concerns through interdisciplinary collaboration. 126, 1-9.
Shinri Sato, Hajime Shinoda, Norihiro Nagai, Misa Suzuki, Atsuro Uchida, Toshihide Kurihara, Mamoru Kamoshita, Yohei Tomita, Chigusa Iyama, Sakiko Minami, Kenya Yuki, Kazuo Tsubota, Yoko Ozawa. . (2017) Predictive factors of better outcomes by monotherapy of an antivascular endothelial growth factor drug, ranibizumab, for diabetic macular edema in clinical practice. 96:16, e6459.
R Gale, P H Scanlon, M Evans, F Ghanchi, Y Yang, G Silvestri, M Freeman, A Maisey, J Napier. . (2017) Action on diabetic macular oedema: achieving optimal patient management in treating visual impairment due to diabetic eye disease. 31, S1-S20.
Shreyas Temkar, Nishanthini Karuppaiah, Brijesh Takkar, Dipankar Bhowmik, Manjari Tripathi, Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan, Yog Raj Sharma, Rajpal Vohra, Rohan Chawla, Pradeep Venkatesh. . (2017) Impact of estimated glomerular filtration rate on diabetic macular edema. 35.
Barbara E. K. Klein, Kayla L. Horak, John D. Maynard, Kristine E. Lee, Ronald Klein. . (2017) Association of Skin Intrinsic Fluorescence with Retinal Microvascular Complications of Long Term Type 1 Diabetes in the Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy. 24:4, 211-216.
Edoardo Midena, Silvia Bini. . (2016) Multimodal retinal imaging of diabetic macular edema: toward new paradigms of pathophysiology. 254:9, 1661-1668.
Rishi P. Singh, Charles C. Wykoff, David M. Brown, Michael Larsen, Hiroko Terasaki, Fabiana Q. Silva, Namrata Saroj, Andrea Gibson, Robert Vitti, Sangeeta Kayshap, Alyson J. Berliner, Oliver Zeitz, Carola Metzig, Desmond Thompson, Quan Dong Nguyen. . (2017) Outcomes of Diabetic Macular Edema Patients by Baseline Hemoglobin A1c. 1:5, 382-388.
Hiroko Terasaki, Yuichiro Ogura, Shigehiko Kitano, Taiji Sakamoto, Toshinori Murata, Akito Hirakata, Tatsuro Ishibashi. . (2018) Management of diabetic macular edema in Japan: a review and expert opinion. 62:1, 1-23.