When someone is either born without the ability to hear or later loses their hearing, the clinical word for their condition is deaf, with a lowercase d. When Deaf is used with a capital D, it refers to the subculture of those whose identity is largely shaped by their shared language and experiences of being deaf in a hearing world. The Deaf culture does not necessarily include all who are deaf, but includes all who are brought together via their language, their values and beliefs, and even the way they act. This could also include hearing people. Often sign language interpreters and children of deaf parents are part of the culture as well.
Perhaps the most important aspect of Deaf culture is the language. Most deaf Americans use American Sign Language. To the uninitiated, it can look totally unintelligible; but in reality, it is a beautiful expression of the English language, rich with its own history, poetry, and even dialects. In different parts of the country, grammatical structures and even the way the sign is given can vary, just as a southern drawl is distinguished from the twang of a Bostonian. For this reason, they are often antagonistic against innovations like cochlear implants that would destroy this unique characteristic of themselves.
Deaf culture comprises people with own habits, patterns, customs, language and values. Deaf people consider them a minority group and not as individuals having disabilities. As a different minority and a separate culture they regard each other as a family feeling closer to each other and one community throughout the world. Due to common language, communication, and a separate culture, deaf people prefer spending time with other, marrying their own kind, and choosing their own kinds as mate or friend. (Lane, 1996)
The Minnesota Chemical Dependency Program forDeaf and Hard of Hearing Individuals (MCDPDHHI) is a specializedprogram designed to meet the communication and cultural needs ofdeaf and hard of hearing persons in chemical dependencytreatment. The Program is comprised of a highly trained staff whoprovide a full range of treatment services. Staff are fluent insign languages as well as knowledgeable about and sensitive toDeaf Culture. Program offerings include individual and grouptherapy, educational offerings, spirituality group, grief group,recreational therapy, mens/womens groups,participation in accessible Twelve Step groups, comprehensiveassessment services and aftercare planning.
Deaf people have low access to information and education compared with other hearing people. The main method of teaching is the oral sign language and no written way of education available to deaf people. Their chances of studying at high level, for example at university level, are quite low. In other words, educational facilities, especially at the highest level are limited for the people in deaf communities. Deaf culture has high limitations as deaf people are mostly ignorant of their cultural heritage and different other social events. Studies have shown that most of the deaf children are born in families having deaf parents. Since both cultures- hearing and deaf- are separate and significantly different with each other, the integration of both communities is considered an impossible factor. (Padden, 1990)
It is pertinent to highlight that movement of accepting deaf as a separate cultural group and not disabled persons has become a part of human rights movement. To support their movement of acknowledging them as a cultural group, deaf language has supported their cause uniting them. Sign language has been accepted by different educational and governmental institutions equivalent to other foreign languages. This language, in most of the cases, is taught by deaf teachers to other deaf students. The way of teaching includes telling stories, singing songs, and narrating dramas. This increases chances of interaction between deaf people and proves as an effective way of interpreting and elucidating point-of-view.
There are approximately 35 million people in the United States who are considered deaf or hard of hearing (Culture and Empowerment in the Deaf Community)....
However, deaf families rejoice in their child's deafness because now they have another person to strengthen the deaf community and carry on the American Deaf culture.
I believe that every hearing impaired and deaf person is an individual and needs to do what is best for them instead of being worried about following the rules of the Deaf culture....
The Program operates on a Twelve Step philosophyusing treatment approaches that are modified to respect thelinguistic and cultural needs of the clients. As opposed to thetraditional emphasis on reading and writing, clients areencouraged to use a variety of methods including the use ofdrawing, role play, and communication using a variety of signlanguage systems. Any written material used in the Program ismodified and video materials are developed and presented usingsign language, voice and captioning. TTYs, assistivelistening devices, flashing light signals, decoders and othertechnology help to make the treatment setting accessible to deafand hard of hearing clients.
But contemporary Deaf Americans face myriad issues, including the preservation of sign language as it relates to the child’s upbringing and education in particular.
There are different problems existing in the deaf cultures. Deaf people generally have less access to communicate with hearing people and sharing information with them. Many deaf persons face serious problems in the ordinary life, like visiting a doctor, getting medical treatments, interacting with lawyers, engineers, insurance companies etc. They also have low access to different sports as well as religious events. They cannot view most of the programs shown on televisions as no interpretation facility is available so they could understand it.
and switch roman numeral 1 and 2 around.
Thesis: Deaf cultures language consists of publications, organizations, and social clubs.
A. News Papers
1. The Silent News
3. Deaf Life
B. Deaf Nation
1. Deaf expo
2. Purposes of Deaf Nation
The optimal placement for deaf individuals shouldinclude specialized services such as: adapted therapeuticapproaches, staff fluent in American Sign Language, recoveringdeaf role models, technology support such as TTYs (whichallow deaf people to communicate on the telephone), assistivelistening devices, flashing light signals, decoders and captionedvideo materials. Good communication is essential in theeducational, therapeutic and peer interactions dimensions of awell-designed program.