Basis weight is defined as the weight of a ream of the in pounds (lb) (Note: the # is often used in place of lb when referring to basis weights). The sizes being the size used inthe manufacturing process before the paper was cut to size. There are many different types of uncut paper, those in common usefor the production of office paper and card are , and . The word Stock is often dropped when referring to the different types of paper in their finished cut sizes.
Thus if you have a sheet of 20lb Bond Letter paper it will be the exactly the same thickness as 20lb Bond Legal, although thetwo sheets will weigh different amounts because of the difference in size. However a sheet of 28lb Bond Letter size paper wouldnot be the same as a sheet of 28lb Cover Letter size paper as the uncut sizes for Bond and Cover aare different.
Beware of the temptation to open your final paragraph with "In conclusion," or "In summary," and then summarize the paper. Instead, let your entire conclusion stand as a graceful termination of an argument. As you write your conclusion, concentrate on presenting the bottom line, and think of the word’s definition: a conclusion is an articulated conviction arrived at on the basis of the evidence you have presented.
Most papers use "Conclusion" as a heading for the final section of the text, although there are times when headings such as "Future Trends" will serve equally well for a paper’s closing section. When you are stuck for a conclusion, look back at your introduction; see if you can freshly reemphasize your objectives by outlining how they were met, or even revisit an opening scenario from the introduction in a new light to illustrate how the paper has brought about change. Your conclusion should not be a summary of the paper or a simple tacked-on ending, but a significant and logical realization of the paper’s goals.
Just by considering the section headings in the above examples, we can begin to see the fundamental structures and directions of the essays, because both sets of headings break the paper topic into its natural parts and suggest some sort of a movement forward through a topic. Note how these headings—as all section headings should—tell us the story of the paper and are worded just as carefully as any title should be.
What people mean when they talk about the weight of a sheet of paper or card is effectively the thickness of that piece ofpaper. There are two conventions currently in widespread use for paper weights.
: The goal of the is to understand why most people believe what they read on the Web. The project’s organizers hope that the information gathered from this study will improve future Web site design. Visit the project’s site for information that can assist you with determining the legitimacy of content for your next research paper.
Newspaper has its own stock type, Newsprint, that measures 24" x 36" in uncut size. This is much larger than the Bondand Cover uncut sizes, thus the most common 30lb Newsprint is actually a much thinner paper than 20lb bond. The followingpage covers the generally available.
The weight of a sheet of paper depends on the size of the sheet and the thickness of the paper, known as grammage internationallyand basis weight in North America. The tables below give the weights of sheets of the ISO 216 A paper sizes for various in grams in the first table and in ounces in the second table.
Basic GuidelinesThe purpose of the term paper in ECS 15 is for you to learn how to do effective research on a subject and then write it up clearly, showing where you got your information.
Hardness and Compressibility: Hardness is the property of paper that causes it to resist indentation by another material. Normally a soft cooked pulp will produce soft paper and vice-versa. Compressibility is defined as the reciprocal of the bulk modulus. It can be measured under static load by determining the change in caliper of the sheet under and expressing the results as a function of pressure.
When you are first faced with the task of writing a long essay or term paper it can be intimidating, but you make your job and the reader’s job much easier by following some basic rules of thumb. Of course, if your professors offer you any specific guidelines about writing be sure to follow those first. Otherwise, incorporate the advice that follows into your papers wherever appropriate.
If you include the author's name(s) in the text of a sentence in the paper, you may omit their names from the parentheses as follows: "Austin (1996) includes valuable references to ...." or "The examples given by Li and Crane (1993) on web addresses ...".
Of course, papers should always be typed, double-spaced on 8-1/2 x 11 paper on one side of the page only, and letter-quality print or better is always expected. Often you are expected to supply a cover sheet giving the date, your name, the title of the paper, the class, and the professor’s name. Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively throughout the text, and if there are a good number of them, then separate lists of tables and figures at the beginning of the paper may be expected. Tables and figures should always have descriptive captions, and if they come directly from sources, the sources must be specifically credited in the captions with the same citation style that you use throughout the paper.