As examples of how creative an introduction can be, here are the opening lines from a geography paper and a paper on optics, both of which use narrative technique to arouse our interest. Note how the first excerpt uses an "I" narrator comfortably while the second excerpt does not use "I" even though the writer is clearly reflective about the subject matter. The first excerpt is from a paper on the generic nature of America’s highway exit ramp services; the second is from a paper on shape constancy.
Of course, papers should always be typed, double-spaced on 8-1/2 x 11 paper on one side of the page only, and letter-quality print or better is always expected. Often you are expected to supply a cover sheet giving the date, your name, the title of the paper, the class, and the professor’s name. Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively throughout the text, and if there are a good number of them, then separate lists of tables and figures at the beginning of the paper may be expected. Tables and figures should always have descriptive captions, and if they come directly from sources, the sources must be specifically credited in the captions with the same citation style that you use throughout the paper.
The weight of a sheet of paper depends on the size of the sheet and the thickness of the paper, known as grammage internationallyand basis weight in North America. The tables below give the weights of sheets of the ISO 216 A paper sizes for various in grams in the first table and in ounces in the second table.
Newspaper has its own stock type, Newsprint, that measures 24" x 36" in uncut size. This is much larger than the Bondand Cover uncut sizes, thus the most common 30lb Newsprint is actually a much thinner paper than 20lb bond. The followingpage covers the generally available.
A paper with a relatively high opacity at 96% and above will have almost no show- through from printing on the reverse side or the sheet below. Selecting a paper with high opacity is specially important if the printing includes solid block of colors, bold type and heavy coverage.
Never simply label the middle bulk of the paper as "Body" and then lump a bunch of information into one big section. Instead, organize the body of your paper into sections by using an overarching principle that supports your thesis, even if that simply means presenting four different methods for solving some problem one method at a time. Normally you are allowed and encouraged to use section headings to help both yourself and the reader follow the flow of the paper. Always word your section headings clearly, and do not stray from the subject that you have identified within a section.
- Disintegrating the paper in hot distilled water and determining the pH of the extract.- Disintegrating the paper in cold distilled water and determining the pH of the extract.
- Directly using a wet electrode on the paper surface.
When you are first faced with the task of writing a long essay or term paper it can be intimidating, but you make your job and the reader’s job much easier by following some basic rules of thumb. Of course, if your professors offer you any specific guidelines about writing be sure to follow those first. Otherwise, incorporate the advice that follows into your papers wherever appropriate.
Hardness and Compressibility: Hardness is the property of paper that causes it to resist indentation by another material. Normally a soft cooked pulp will produce soft paper and vice-versa. Compressibility is defined as the reciprocal of the bulk modulus. It can be measured under static load by determining the change in caliper of the sheet under and expressing the results as a function of pressure.
As examples, I offer two sets of section headings taken from essays. The first is from Dr. Craig Bohren’s "Understanding Colors in Nature" (1), which appeared in a 1990 edition of Earth & Mineral Sciences; the second is from a student’s paper on the supply and demand of asbestos.
In fact, the writer who will be assigned to handle your term paper requirements will most likely be a professional of that subject or field, having gained personal know how on the topic of your choice. Moreover, our writers are highly qualified, having earned their respective PhDs and master’s degree.
Thus if you have a sheet of 20lb Bond Letter paper it will be the exactly the same thickness as 20lb Bond Legal, although thetwo sheets will weigh different amounts because of the difference in size. However a sheet of 28lb Bond Letter size paper wouldnot be the same as a sheet of 28lb Cover Letter size paper as the uncut sizes for Bond and Cover aare different.
Just by considering the section headings in the above examples, we can begin to see the fundamental structures and directions of the essays, because both sets of headings break the paper topic into its natural parts and suggest some sort of a movement forward through a topic. Note how these headings—as all section headings should—tell us the story of the paper and are worded just as carefully as any title should be.
Basis weight is defined as the weight of a ream of the in pounds (lb) (Note: the # is often used in place of lb when referring to basis weights). The sizes being the size used inthe manufacturing process before the paper was cut to size. There are many different types of uncut paper, those in common usefor the production of office paper and card are , and . The word Stock is often dropped when referring to the different types of paper in their finished cut sizes.