JAIR (ISSN 1076 - 9757) covers all areas of artificial intelligence (AI), publishing refereed research articles, survey articles, and technical notes. Established in 1993 as one of the first scientific journals on the Web, JAIR is indexed by , , and . JAIR reviews papers within approximately three months of submission and publishes accepted articles on the internet immediately upon receiving the final versions. JAIR is an journal and articles are published for free distribution on the internet by the . Bound volumes are available for from .
Artificial intelligence is perhaps of the same age as the emergence of digital computers. It showcases the ability of how a machine thinks and how that can be compared to the vagaries of the brain. The creation of robots and the way in which it can be improved is a phenomenal example of artificial intelligence.
A current generally accepteddefinition is based on two steps, addressing machine intelligenceand then the qualities of intelligence:
The 'AI and Life in 2030' report (at page 12) also providesa more empirical definition of AI as an operational branch ofcomputer science, stating that 'the field of AI is a continualendeavour to push forward the frontier of machine intelligence'and noting the paradox that when AI ceases to be at the frontier orleading edge it stops being considered AI.
In the UK, the House of Commons SelectCommittee on Science and Technology released on 12 October 2016 areport on Robotics and Artificial Intelligence9recommending the establishment of a Standing Commission onArtificial Intelligence and a Leadership Council on Robotics andAutonomous Systems.
Artificial Intelligence or AI is an artificially created intelligence and the name of the branch of mainly computer science that seeks to understand and develop the AI theory and functioning, and tries to build intelligent systems.
There are divided opinions about what exactly the term artificial intelligence covers. Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig presented different perspectives within the discipline by organizing them according to the two dimensions of mental processes and behavior, where four alternative options follow from which you can attempt to create intelligent systems. The four options are: systems that think like humans, systems that think rationally, systems that act like humans, and finally the systems behaving rationally.
Six yearslater, at a workshop to investigate how machines could simulateintelligence at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, USA, ProfessorJohn McCarthy was credited with introducing the term'artificial intelligence'.
The first experiment that is generally regarded as AI was performed by Warren Sturgis McCulloch and Walter Pitts (1943), but science Artificial Intelligence was founded not formally and had its name at a conference at Dartmouth College in 1956. In the conference, the researchers from Carnegie Tech, an Allen Newell and Herbert Simon, presented expository program called the Logic Theorist.
InSeptember 2016, the AI100 Group (part of the One Hundred Year Studyon Artificial Intelligence, a project hosted by StanfordUniversity) published its first report, 'ArtificialIntelligence and Life in 2030'.4 The AI100Group's remit is to investigate the long-term impact of thescience, engineering and deployment of AI-enabled computing systemson people, communities and society, and its core deliverables arefive yearly surveys assessing the current state of AI, of which theSeptember 2016 report is the first.
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This Tractica white paper examines 10 key AI market trends that Tractica has identified as part of its ongoing analysis of the commercial opportunity for AI, as a means of illustrating how the industry landscape and value chain will evolve in the coming years. These trends are based on the ongoing research and analysis that form part of Tractica’s Artificial Intelligence Advisory Service. This white paper is published in partnership with the AI Summit, which is next being held in New York City on December 1, 2016.