- Some essays in literature take an optimistic view of the American Dream and successes; other term papers take a negative view on the American Dream and focus on those who have failed to achieve happiness.
Throughout the myriad of novels, excerpts, poems, videos and other forms of literature that we encountered in this course, it is unmistakable that the African American literary tradition demonstrates that the past (the unbelievable sufferings of African Americans) can never be arrested and forgotten....
Ellisons Invisible Man : A 9 page exploratory
research paper investigating the philosophies of determinism and free will, in particular, how
these concepts are depicted in two specific works, The Awakening and The Invisible Man.
First, explanations of determinism and free will are presented, then a brief discussion about
their inclusion in literature.
Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451, with a central theme of censorship, was censored for years before the unknowing and enraged author insisted on a reprint that left every hell and damn exactly where he had placed it (Lancto, 2003). If authors can be censored, even in small ways, without their consent, and author’s long gone have absolutely no say in how their works are changed, then how can we consider their literature free and unrestricted? Instead, literature comes to be a mutated account that conforms with what the general population chooses to promote and leads to a community in which individuals are not challenged to think and reason for themselves. Dunn (1998) recognizes that a call to banning and censorship threatens fundamental freedoms, because restricting access to information “dilutes a critical thinking approach”. A system that practices censorship cannot continue to be free.
It is ultimately concluded that
the story confronts us with questions of what American society is and what it should and
could be--Even in light of criticisms surrounding the book, the moral issues presented make
it a most worthwhile story.
Hammersmith,Jack L. “Franklin Roosevelt, the Polish Question, and the Election of 1944.” 59,no. 1 (1977). Finds that the Roosevelt campaign regarded thePolish-American vote as and that the issue of FDR’s decision acquiescence tothe subordination of Poland to the Soviet Union in the postwar settlement wasdeliberately downplayed.
Wehrle,Edmund F. “Guns and Butter: American Organized Labor Approaches theMilitary-Industrial Complex in the Post-War Era.” Paper presented at Societyfor Historians of American Foreign Relations conference. American University,Washington, DC, 2001.
Edsforth,Ronald. “On the Decline of Rank-and-File Militance in the Postwar UAW.” Paperpresented at North American Labor History Conference. Wayne State University,Detroit, 1987.
Blejwas,Stanislaus A. “Cold War Ethnic Politics: The Polish National Catholic Church,the Polish American Congress, and People’s Poland: 1944-1952.” 55, no. 2 (1998). Discusses the associationbetween the Polish National Catholic Church (PNCC), a splinter Catholic grouporganized in 1904, and the Polish American Congress (PAC), established inBuffalo, New York, in 1944 to represent all Polish-American interests. PNCCleaders and their 190,000 followers worked to reinstate Poland as anindependent country after World War II, legalize PNCC churches in Poland, andbring humanitarian relief to war victims. While both the PNCC and PAC in 1944opposed Communist domination in Poland, the PNCC shifted its policy in 1945 andoffered to work with the postwar Soviet-backed regime as a means forestablishing the creation of PNCC-aligned churches in Poland. The PAC opposedPNCC’s growing relationship with the Communists and maintained its mission ofserving as the voice of American Polonia and refusing to recognize theCommunist Polish government. By October 1945, political differences forced PNCCleaders Reverend Frances Hodus and Reverend Joseph Zawistowski to officiallybreak away from the large PAC.
Boyle,Kevin. “The Union and the Price System: The United Automobile Workers, SocialDemocracy, and the Postwar Order.” Paper presented at Organization of AmericanHistorians Annual Meeting, 1996.
Roskos,Laura Helene. “The Life of the Party: Political Memory on the Mo(u)rningAfter.” Ph.D. diss. University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 1997. Considers thecultural legacy of American communism from the post-Cold War perspective ofemerging international women’s movement by combining feminist literary,psychoanalytic, and political theory.
Brook,Michael. “Radical Literature in Swedish-America: A Narrative Survey.” 20, no. 3 (1969). Surveys Swedishimmigrant radical journalism; although largely socialist in orientation, someSwedish radicals turned to Communism after the Bolshevik revolution.
Holmes, Judith Larrabee. “The Politics ofAnti-Communism in Massachusetts, 1930-1960.” Ph.D. diss. University ofMassachusetts, 1996. Finds there were “pockets of anticommunist activitythroughout the state. These pockets were peopled with conservative Yankees,professional anticommunists, Catholic legislators and opportunist laborleaders. However, the ideas driving each group were quite different. What thisstudy shows is the usefulness of anticommunism in helping Americans find commonpolitical ground across class and ethnic differences.”